Early History of Jazz Jazz is a style of music that began and has been revolutionized within the United States. Jazz music first appeared in the city of New Orleans and eventually moved onto Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City, and New York City. Jazz unites different elements of African, African- American, religious, brass brand, and blues style of music. The music of Jazz, and its changes through the years, is now a form of music that is known and respected throughout this nation and the world. Jazz music is a blending of both black and white tradition and heritages.
“Jazz was born out of the cultural experience of African Americans and can be traced in a direct line to the slave songs of the plantations through the Negro Spirituals, Ragtime, and the Blues”("Jazz Musicians as Cultural Intermediaries”).The 18th Amendment, or the ban of alcohol also fueled new opportunities for jazz to begin. (Tirro, Frank) Not only is it nearly impossible to pinpoint jazz’s conception in time, many locations are accredited with its origin, the United States allowed for jazz to start gaining popularity and leading into the change it had to the music scene. When jazz is brought up, many first think of its birth place being New Orleans, Louisiana. New Orleans has always been a big musi... ... middle of paper ... ...re are still people who enjoy listening to jazz and musicians that strive to learn the genre. In conclusion, the evidence is overwhelming that jazz has left a large impact on American culture.
This same type of feel is one of the most defining characteristics of modern jazz music. The idea of this pulse allows different players to play different rhythms at the same speeds. These complex rhythms mashed together, or polyrhythms, were introduced to the United States as the slave trade began to take its course. Afterwards, spirituals blossomed from “plantation Blacks who fused Western European harmonies with African songs, modalities, and practices” (Banfield, 96) such as polyrhythms. Spirituals were quite popular among the slave community and eventually gave birth to the next musical stepping stone to jazz, blues.
Jazz was formed from slave songs and religious African American folk songs. Today, jazz is played and listened to by people of all cultures and ethnicities and includes musical elements and styles from all over the world; jazz has gone from being America’s music to being the world’s music. The music genre, Jazz, has impacted American literature through the Harlem Renaissance, the Black Arts Movement... ... middle of paper ... ...ssion caused many layoffs and housing foreclosures. The Great Depression also encased economic tension which caused black leaders to focus more on the financial and social issues rather than arts and culture. During the Great Depression, the music industry came close to collapsing.
White performers were used for the popularization of jazz music in America. Even though the jazz movement was taken over by the middle class white population, it facilitated the blend of African American traditions with the white middle class society. Cities like New York and Chicago were cultural centers for jazz, and especially for African American artists. Some famous black artists of the time were Ella Fitzgerald, Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie. Jazz was not always enjoyed and liked by most, at one time people t... ... middle of paper ... ...us, or insecure about.
The Jazz music of the Big Band Era was the peak of over thirty years of musical development. Jazz was so innovative and different that it could literally sweep the world, changing the musical styles of nearly every country. Big band Jazz that makes the feet tap and the heart race with excitement that it is recognized with nearly every type of music. The musical and cultural revolution that brought about Jazz was a direct result of African-Americans pursuing careers in the arts following the United States civil war. As slaves African-Americans has learned few European cultural traditions.
Jazz music had an impact on the social movements that followed its popularity. Jazz music brought about scandalous dancing and dressing, yet ultimately was an important factor to the women’s liberation. Speakeasies drew “young audiences from all social classes, attracted to both the music and the increasingly suggestive jazz dances. Both the mixing of the races and the widespread belief that jazz incites sexual activity causes [the older generation to criticize the movement]”(Music and Dance). In a similar way, Jazz was also the music of the civil rights movement.
Originally, jazz comes to people through black musicians, who performing on the streets, in the wine bar, in the danced room and some other cities in the southern United States in the early 20th century. Term "Jazz" appeared widely in mass in 1917, but in fact, the Jazz have been heard a long time before. Derived from New Orleans, Louisiana, jazz has evolved through many genres. Along with the change in geography, jazz also has had some big changes in music education position. Jazz only appeared as a kind of entertaining music, but since 1940, it is played in the Bars and Night Clubs and also is shown in the important concert performances.
The Beginning The word “jazz” did not become commonplace until around 1920 even though it had spent the preceding decade establishing itself as a musical genre. A mix of European harmony and African rhythm, blended with the current styles of the time such as ragtime and rhythm and blues, Jazz can be seen as an amalgamation of different cultures and has had huge influences on, and evolved concurrently with, American society in the past century. The birthplace of jazz is the subject of much more controversy than its undoubted influence on society. The most commonly reported and, in my view, logical birthplace of jazz is New Orleans. Being a port city (with people migrating from all over the world), it was a melting pot of diverse racial composition.
Jazz replaces some popular music to be America’s mainstream popular music. This kind American music finds its way to the whole America. In this period, Jazz’s every note makes young man crazy, and then the word “JAZZMAD” comes into America. Jazz has a connection to the American in some fundamental way. It is an African roots of American culture.