Wesleyan University Press, 1989. Kashima, Tetsuden, Personal Justice Denied: Report of the Commision on Wartime Relocation and the Internment of Civilian. University of Washington Press, 1977. McClain, Charles, The Mass Internment of Japanese Americans and the Quest for Legal Redress. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994.
The argument for the opposing viewpoint states that these relocation centers were needed to ensure U.S. security during the war against Japan. A major contributor to these internment camps was the bombing at Pearl Harbor. On December 7, 1941, the republic of Japan attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The government feared attacks by “imperial Japanese forces” and a sabotage by Japanese Americans (The Japanese Internment: World War II). In addition, the U.S. military saw the Nikkei, Japanese immigrants, as a “potential security risk” and worried that the Nikkei would provide “sensitive information” to the Japanese government and/or subvert U.S. government (The Japanese Internment: World War II).
A member of the operations section also reported that the ideas of an attack on Pearl Harbor came up very often. These stories could all be very possible, but there is also the possibility that the President only used them to cover up the fact that he himself knew about the attack. (Schlesinger 247) "FDR blinded the commanders at Pearl Harbor and set them up." (Willey 10) The Americans were decoding large amounts of Japanese military telegrams. "We now know that they contained important details concerning the existence, organiz... ... middle of paper ... ... At Dawn We Slept.
Also, what would have made the Japanese Defense Plan more costly was the Japanese soldiers, roughly two million in strength were desperate and fanatic to defend their home at all costs. All of these factors made the atomic bomb the legitimate solution to bringing the Japanese to the table to sign to the terms set forth by the Western allies' Unconditional Surrender. Another reason which made the atomic bomb the ... ... middle of paper ... ...orth the cost which saved the lives of countless others that could have died from any further hostilities. Work Cited: 1. "The Decision to Drop the Bomb."
However, these claims were never brought to light, and to this day simply remain rumors. The U.S. government became suspicious about these accusations and demanded action. On Thursday, February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt issued the Executive Order 9066, which called for an evacuation of Japanese Americans on the west coast with the excuse of a “military necessity.” The government’s impetuous enforcement of Executive Order 9066 in reaction to public hysteria, not only violated the rights of Japanese Americans, but also triggered pointless effort and attention towards the internment camps. The United States government had no authority to intern Japanese Americans on account of their ethnic background. People argued that it was acceptable because the Japanese immigrants in the United States posed a threat, but in reality, “more than two-thirds of the Japanese who were interned in the spring of 1942 were citizens of the United States” (Ross).
The source will be used to see evidence about the life of Japanese POWs in American camps, and raise information of any war crimes committed against any Japanese POWs. Another method employed during the investigation is watching the documentary The Fog of War, which gives first hand perspectives on the USA’s Pacific campaign from the perspective of the secretary of defense Robert S. McNamara, and an overview of war crimes committed by the USA. Word Count: 185 Part B- Summary of Evidence Historical Context: -The Pacific War began on December 7, 1941 with the bombings of Pearl Harbor. -Battle of Midway between the United States and Japan began on June 4, 1942. -First United States firebombing of Japan took place on March 10, 1945 War Crimes Against civilians: Rape: -After the U.S. Marines landed in a village on the Motobu Peninsula the marines “mopped up” the entire village, but found no signs of Japanese forces, they then proceeded to start “hunting for women”.
The Japanese-American Internment in Topaz, Utah For as long as mankind can remember, prejudice in one form or another has always been apparent in the world. For some, it is religion, color, or race. But, during the second world war, prejudices were directed at people whose nationalities weren't of native American blood. The Japanese-Americans were exploited and forced into "relocation camps" during World War II all because the American government thought of them as a threat to American society, for fear that they were conspiring with the Japanese government to try and overthrow the United States government. In 1941, the number of Japanese Americans living in the continental Unites States totaled 127,000.
A Short History of WWII. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc. p. 171. ISBN 0-688-03587-6. Sulzberger, C.L., "The American Heritage Picture History of World War II" "The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The White House Reacts, 1941", EyeWitness to History, www.eyewitnesstohistory.com (2005). The Japanese Merchant Marine in World War II (Annapolis: United States Naval Institute Press, 1993) Willmott, op.
Although many people know about the mistreatment of Native Americans and African Americans, consequently many Americans overlook the mistreatment of Japanese Americans on our own soil. "Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - The United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan...As Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense...With confidence in our armed forces - with the unbounded determination of our people - we will gain the inevitable triumph - so help us God." That speech was addressed to the nation by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt the day after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Shortly after, America entered WWII and anti-Japanese hysteria struck like the Bubonic Plague. At the time over 120,000 Japanese-Americans lived in the US, and about 110,000 resided in the West Coast.