The Biography Channel website. Feb 01 2014, 09:46 http://www.biography.com/people/jrr-tolkien-9508428
Web. 26 Mar 2014. Luebering, J. E. “frame story.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 18 Feb 2009. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc.
Tolkien was born on January 3rd, 1892, and his younger brother, Hilary, was born on February 17th, 1894 (Doughan 1). On February 15th, 1896, John and his mother and brother were on vacation in England when Arthur Tolkien, who was still in South Africa, died from peritonitis ("J.R.R. Tolkien Biography" 1). The Tolkien’s, who would not have sufficient financial funds, stayed with Mabel’s parents in King’s Heath, England; John and Hilary were taught by Mabel until she died of acute diabetes on November 14th, 1904 (Doughan 1). Mabel assigned her sons guardianship to a close friend, Father Francis (Doughan 1).
They traveled from home to home for 6 years until Tolkien gained entrance to Exeter College, Oxford. He worked there as Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and later married his longtime sweetheart Edith Bratt. Tolkien joined the military during World War I, fell very ill with trench fever and recovered back in England where he wrote his most popular works. He later became a professor at Oxford in 1945 and retired after 14 years. His wife died two years before he passed in Bournemouth, England in 1973 at 81 years old.
Taylor, William L. “Frodo Lives” Bryfonski and Senick 570. “Tolkien, J.R.R.” The New Encyclopedia Britannica: Micropedia.15th ed. 2007. Print. Urang, Gunnar.