Integrated Watershed Management in Ethiopia

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Interdisciplinary research is ‘an integration and synthesis of ideas and methods to advance fundamental understanding or to solve problems’ Interdisciplinary research is focused on the integration of concepts, techniques and/or data (Porter et al., 2006). Generally, interdisciplinary is not a simple heterogeneity but it is a scientific complexity of discipline, concepts, techniques and methods to solve or to deal with problems (Council, 2004, Council, 2000, Porter et al., 2006).Interdisciplinary is essential in environmental science. The causes of deterioration or improvement of an environment are not completely understandable by mono-disciplinary research but they needs to build better knowledge integration, collaboration and working in an interdisciplinary research approach(Ostrom, 2007). Integration and implementation of sciences are effective ways to tackle complex societal problems (Bammer, 2003).

A watershed is commonly defined as a topographically delineated area in which all water drains to a common point (Wang, 2001).Watershed program is a land based program focused on water. It has an objective to enhance agricultural productivity through increased moisture conservation and protective irrigation for socio-economic development of rural people. (Joshi et al., 2004). Integrated watershed management is one of the methods to work on environmental improvements. Integrated watershed management is a collection of target points that linked disciplines (Karageorgis et al., 2005). However, in many cases interdisciplinary watershed management lacks practical applicability. My proposition is in developing countries integrated watershed management is not actually an interdisciplinary project approach. Therefore, the objective of thi...

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...focused on the involvement of local community. This resulted to focus mainly on rehabilitation and conservation of natural resources.

It is not in an interdisciplinary approach. Interdisciplinary research a scientific complexity of discipline, concepts, techniques and methods to solve or to deal with problems. Environmental problems require the participation of various disciplines to deal with their deterioration and improvement. Integrated watershed management is one of the environmental adaptation mechanisms to environmental problems. It has the nature of integrating various disciplines in an interdisciplinary approach. Although Ethiopia has implemented integrated watershed management, it does not actually involve an interdisciplinary project approach. Therefore, watershed management should link the hydrological, social, economic and environmental disciplines.

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