From the late 17th century to the early 19th century, industrialization was occurring in the United States and around Europe. The abundance of raw materials and the ambition of business men caused the industrialization before and after the Civil War. The First Industrial Revolution and Second Industrial Revolution, known as the Technological Revolution, caused the United States to thrive throughout those years because of population increase and all the new products or ideas there was. In the 1900s, the United States became the leading industrial power in the world because of both revolutions; the first revolution led into the second revolution because of the technology and economic changes occurring. The First Industrial Revolution changed agriculture customs and the Second Industrial Revolution caused changes in production techniques, but both helped the United States industrialize and become the most successful country in the world.
Countries were rapidly advancing to industrial societies producing much greater quantities of goods at much lower costs. The goods produced ranged everywhere from cotton textiles to military machinery, all of which would play important roles in rounds of imperialistic expansion that would follow. The imperialistic displays by Western European nations also brought about several other industrial revolutions in other regions including the Ottoman Empire, Russia, and Japan. I will take a look at how the industrial revolution encouraged imperialistic expansion, as well as some of the results of that expansion in other regions. While there are many important facets of the industrial revolution that took place in Western Europe there are two very important results in relation to imperialism.
The invention of the Spinning Jenny had a major impact on the production of the cotton industry, this in turn led to the increase of factories in 1769. The rise of manufactories in 1769 was a factor of the most important development in the industrial revolution. Weaving was done more efficiently and the quality was increased and more durable due to the Spinning Jenny as well as the cottage system. During the 1700’s, mills and factories were dependent on the flow of water to power the machines that were necessary to produce materials and... ... middle of paper ... ...dustrial Revolution and transformed the world. The innovative thinkers, urbanization, and infrastructure made the revolution significant not only in the 1750s but to present day.
However, this spread quickly throughout the world, introducing the modernisation of agriculture, revolution in power and manufacturing of textile. This revolution brought an enormous wave of success in both economic and technical advancement. The first revolution largely focused on the production of new textiles machinery, improved methods of coal production, iron manufacturing and agricultural techniques. However, by the second industrial revolution, a clustering of industrial inventions centering on steel, railroad and agricultural machinery, thus, a big boom on the industry and economy. (Heilbroner and Milberg 2009,54) The revolution of the 18th and 19th century saw an immense transformation in science, technology and our economy, hence, the transformation from a Neolithic economy to an industrial economy.
During the "long sixteenth century," Europeans thus established an occupational and geographic division of labor in which capital-intensive production w... ... middle of paper ... ...t is to say that it has structures that define it as a system. At the same time the system is evolving second by second. That is to say the system is historical and has a history. It starts out as an incredible period of economic expansion, which then slows down. It starts out as the period of unquestioned US global hegemony and then this hegemony begins its decline in a relative sense.
Industrial production became heavily dependent upon the intensive use of capital-equipment produced for the express purpose of increasing efficiency. A reliance on tools and machinery allowed individual workers to produce more goods than before and the advantages of experience with a particular task, tool, or piece of equipment reinforced the trend toward specia... ... middle of paper ... ...n to promote industrialization was far from negligible in the British case, the role of government has been considerable in Germany, Russia, Japan, and nearly all the nations that have been industrialized in the 20th century. By definition successful industrialization leads to a rise of national income per capita. It also leads to changes in the distribution of income, in living and working conditions, and in social conduct and convention. The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain and elsewhere led initially to a fall in workers' purchasing power or to a deterioration in their living conditions.
The development of India into a modern industrialized country is a slow but continuing process. Industrialized society is the one which is driven by the use of technology to enable mass production, supporting a large population with a high capacity for division of labor. It is the period of social and economic change that causes transformation of an agrarian society into an industrial one. It is a part of a wider modernization process, where social change and economic development are closely related with technological innovation. The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain and within a few decades spread to Western Europe and the United States.
The Industrial Revolution started early in the 1800s in Europe but began late in the middle of the 1800s in America (Daniels & Hyslop pg 271). England was the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. The English merchants were ahead in the development of commerce, which increased the demand for more goods. With... ... middle of paper ... ...p us complete our work started with the Industrial Revolution and shows no signs of slowing down (Remini). The Industrial Revolution led to other revolutions, which further advanced our technology.
In the late eighteenth century, the Industrial Revolution made its debut in Great Britain and subsequently spread across Europe, North America and the rest of the world. These changes stimulated a major transformation in the way of life, and created a modern society that was no longer rooted in agricultural production but in industrial manufacture. Great Britain was able to emerge as the world’s first industrial nation through a combination of numerous factors such as natural resources, inventions, transport systems, and the population surge. It changed the way people worked and lived, and a revolution was started. As stated by Steven Kreis in Lecture 17, “England proudly proclaimed itself to be the "Workshop of the World," a position that country held until the end of the 19th century when Germany, Japan and United States overtook it.” A major cause for the Industrial Revolution was the enormous spurt of population growth in England.
The Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution is the name given to the movement in which machines changed people's way of life as well as their methods of manufacturer. It brought three important changes: inventions of machines that simplify and speed up the work of hand tools, use of steam (and other power) versus human power, adoption of a factory system. Workers were brought together under one roof and were supplied machines. The Industrial Revolution began throughout the world relatively during the same time period, and although it had its beginning in remote times, it is still continuing in some places. By the eighteenth century all of Western Europe had begun to industrialize rapidly, but in England the process was faster than in other parts of the world.