Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism

1811 Words8 Pages
Indo-English poetry began to be written and until rather recently continued to be written under the influence of the English romantic poets such as Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats, Byron and even Walter Scott. The poetry of the period is marked by a highly subjective tone and uninhibited expression of personal feeling. Also, nature and its variegated scenes form a background, especially nature in its natural untamed manifestations. Witness for example these lines from Toru Dutt’s (1856-1877) poem “Sindhu”, where she presents a beautiful description of the sunset on an Indian lake: Upon the glassy surface fell The last beams of the day, Like fiery darts, that lengthening swells, As breezes wake and play Osiers and willows and on the edge And purple buds and red, Leant down, - and, mid the pale greens edge The louts raised its head And softly, softly hour by hour Light faded and a veil Fell over tree, wave, and flower On came the twilight pale(Dutt1986:90). These romantic poets value spontaneity in thought and expression. Words and images were chosen to turn the familiar into a thing of beauty and tenderness. This early poetry is generally sentimental and sad. Indo-English poetry was first written by Kashiprasad Ghoshe (1809-1873) in 1830. He in ‘The Shair and other Poems’ shares the influence of Walter Scott while ‘The Captive Ladie’ (1849) by Miachel Madhusudan Dutt (1824-1873) is considered to be a long metrical romance written under the influence of Byron(Dwiedi 1980:10-18). After the passing of the ‘Dutt Era’, Nobo Kissen Gosse (1837-1918) and Manmohan Ghose (1869-1924) continued the twin streams of ballad and lyric poetry.Nobo Kissen showed his craftsmanship in the handling of the ballad measure as in ‘Da... ... middle of paper ... ... P.1984. “Modern Indian English Women Poets: An Overview.” Perspective on Indian Poetry in English, Ed. M. K. Naik. New Delhi: Abhinav Publication. Cuddon, J.A.1979. A Dictionary of Literary Terms, Great Britain: Penguin Books. De Souza, Eunice,1997. ed. Nine Indian Women Poets: An Anthology, New Delhi: Oxford. Dwivedi, A.N.1980. Indian Poetry in English: A Literary History and Anthology, New Delhi: Arnold Heinemann Publication. Friedan, Betty.1971. The Feminine Mystique, Harmaodsworth: Penguin Publication. Krishnaswamy, N., Johan Varghese, and Sunita Mishra.2001. Comparative Literary Theory: A Student’s Companion, New Delhi: Macmillan Publishers. Macnicol, Margaret,1923, ed. Poems by Indian Women, Calcutta: Association Press. Rumens, Carol, 1985,ed. Making For the open: The Chatto Book of Post-Feminist Poetry 1964-84, London: Chatto and Windus Publications.

More about Indo-English Women Poetry: A Journey From Feminism to Post-Feminism

Open Document