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In Vitro Fertilization

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In vitro fertilization (IVF) as its name suggests is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to allow couples facing infertility to be bestowed with a child. Garcia (2005) defines infertility as the inability of a couple to become pregnant (regardless of cause) after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse. About 90 million of couples globally are affected by infertility. More than 250,000 babies have been born by the method of IVF till now and they are referred to as test tube babies. An infertile couple can either have a biologically or non-biologically related child through IVF. (In Vitro Fertilization n.d) has clearly stated that people resort to IVF only after other fertility treatments have failed. The ultimate aim of IVF has been best described by DeCherney (1986) as a process to mimic nature as best possible using artificial.

According to DeCherney (1986) IVF is a method of assisted reproduction, which consists of three main phases. The first step is the induction of ovulation. The women will be first given the GnRH-Agonist (Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone Agonist) or a GnRH-Antagonist which is to reduce the release of Luteinizing Hormone (LH) from the pituitary gland. This is because a LH surge would cause a premature ovulation. Next, hMG (Human menopausal gonadotropin) is given to stimulate the development of numerous ovarian follicles. When two follicles more than 1.5cm in diameter are found through ultrasound, an injection of hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) is administered to stimulate maturation of follicles. The eggs are then collected approximately 36 hours after the hCG injection.

The next step technically is the removal of ovum as mentioned by DeCherney (1986). The surgeon inserts a sterile need...

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...murder. Goldworth (1999) asserts that science supports the perception that life begins at conception as the embryo differs from other cells in a woman and can be identified as human by its DNA. Religious wise, the Catholic Church supports that a new life begins at the moment of fertilization. Therefore, destroying unused embryos is not ethical. To add on, a normal embryo and post-natal life is not guaranteed for IVF. Then, why allow children to born from such procedures, when it is known risks are involved?

In conclusion, IVF benefits many infertile couples by helping them to cope with their infertility and have opportunities for childbearing too. However, there are numerous problems concerning IVF including its drawbacks and whether it is to be viewed as ethical. Couples opting for IVF have to make sure the risks which it poses are outweighed by its benefits.
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