Nationalism was a main product of the French Revolution; it had an enormous effect on 19th- century Europe. Nationalism evolved from cultural unity in language, history and territory. Through this common cultural unity, nationalists attempted to create a similar political unity. Nationalism is the belief that an ethnic group has a right to statehood and emphasized collective unity. It emerged from two main ideologies, Romanticism and Liberalism.
In order to understand the industrial revolution one must truly attempt to appeal to all aspects of the time, rather than viewing a musical film. Industrialization was a time for growth, both economically and politically, wide spread class division, where those within attempted to unite as one, and the beginnings of ecological and climate devastation through the use of coal that contributed to mechanization. The industrial revolution was bountiful for Great Britain and continental Europe; however it did bring forth some underlying tensions, some of which were addressed, others were not. Nonetheless, no matter what suitable or inadequate results emerged, the industrial revolution paved the way for future European
England during the time of the revolution was becoming a leading nation scientifically and economically which they thought would change they viewed freedom. John Milton a major writer at the time defined this change in freedom as “celebrated for endless ages as a soil most genial to the growth of liberty.” (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2011) The French revolution had a major influence on the development of nationalism. French enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau helped spread nationalism throughout Europe through his works about popular sovereignty where people would give their consent to be governed. (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2011) This was the starting point fo... ... middle of paper ... ... unite a group of people by using evoking fear of another group. The biggest weakness of nationalism is the large amounts of conflicts that are created by nationalism movements.
Conditions, particularly economic conditions, were such in 1862 that Bismarck was able to build on them and gain the credit for their successes. Although Unification arguably was inevitable there were certain factors preventing it and factors arguing that unification was likely without Bismarck it is worth listing these so as to better understand how unification came to be. In the long run, unification was likely to occur without Bismarck, but he made it happen sooner rather than later. The Germans shared a common identity in the form of race, language, culture and heritage. The works of 18th and 19th century thinkers and writers such as Ernst Randt and Friedrich Jahn who promoted the idea of one nation based on common culture and language.
He thought that Napoleon's policies truly benefited France. However, a contrary viewpoint is made by Seward who thought Napoleon was a demagogue who had an "obsession with power". A third median of the two extremes was proposed by Soboul. Soboul thought that Napoleon advantaged France in some ways but hindered in others. - Strengths and weaknesses of each viewpoint Despite all other viewpoints, Napoleon did benefit France and helped mold France and western society as to what it is today by introducing economic, political and social reforms to France's domestic policy.
One of the main reasons the United States intervened was because it wanted to protect the rights of smaller nations and end international militarism. Another reason is that progressives realized that the war provided an opportunity for reform at home and the triumph of a liberal international postwar order. Intervening meant that America had an opportun... ... middle of paper ... ...ccurred after World War I was the surge of nationalism in colonial powers which helped Germany become a strengthened country that would be ready for another war.3 That being the case, the United States entered World War I not because of Germany's aggression but for the opportunity to help protect the rights of smaller nations and end international militarism. The effectiveness of American intervention had both a positive and negative effects. The United States aided in winning the war and helping smaller nations gain independence .
Nationalism began to rapidly grow during the mid-nineteenth century throughout Europe, as well as the rest of the world. The shift in government, most commonly from a monarch structure to a democratic, influenced a dignified sentiment amidst Europe. The awareness of the problems present in the European nations by this dignity, allowed them to resolve their problems, which ultimately shaped nearly perfect nations. This supposed “perfection” generated great dignity in the nation’s citizens, which influenced the nationalistic growth and the unity of countries, but also contributed to the collision of empires comprising of various racial minorities and the underlying of World War I. Beginning in the 1700’s, nationalism emerged by means of affairs during the French Revolution, and stimulated pride within the French citizens.
Nationalism can possess great power, that is capable of either uniting or dividing nations. As nationalism flourished in Europe during the 1800’s, it unified separate Italian and German city-states, and divided previously great powers like the Ottoman Empire and Austrian Empire. Following the Napoleonic
Neo-classicism, governed by reason, attempted to establish certain standards in the lives of Europeans. The backlash during the Enlightenment, in which traditions were beginning to be scrutinized negatively, also fed into much of the ideals during this period. Romanticism emerged as a sort of continuation of the Enlightenment; not in questioning political ideology but in praising irrationality through imagination. Regarded as the “Age of Sensibility,” Romanticism is very well known for the emergence of guiding oneself through emotion rather than reason. First expressed in the Enlightenment by writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, this era saw an increase in the interest of nature and the wish for a return to a “simpler” society.
Nationalism in Europe Nineteenth century Europe, exploding with Nationalism, shows us how powerful a nation can be when united for a common cause. Nationalism is the love and devotion to ones country, where devotion stands for the spirit to protect the needs and ideals of the nation. Nationalism acted as a unifying force in Europe for much of the nineteenth century when unification movements were frequent. The unification of Italy and Germany, are prime examples of nationalism at work. By the end of the French revolution and Napoleanic wars, nationalism was growing rampant among the neighboring countries of France leading to an increasing amount of unification motions.