Fire risk assessment is like actions or practices that work in order to reduce the destruction that caused by fire. Fire safety measures are like methods or actions taken to prevent or avoid ignition in case of an uncontrolled fire, and the used to limit the effects of a fire after it starts. Fire safety risk assessment is planned during the beginning of a construction of a building or implemented a building or sites that already standing. Threats to fire safety are commonly referred to fire hazards. A fire hazard may has a situation that could increase the likelihood of fire.
2.6.1. 2.Fire Suppression FAO (2011) stresses that for effective fire management, suppression measures should be employed. Fire suppression measures are activities or actions that are taken when there is a fire outbreak. These measures are meant to minimize damage to the environment, loss of property, loss of crops, loss of human lives and loss of livestock or wildlife (Mushwe, 2011). To suppress fire, there are various techniques that are mainly used in developing countries.
Work area should be kept clean from dusts build-ups as layer of dusts deposited on the surface can also cause fire or especially explosion hazard. Housekeeping also can prevent the occurrence of secondary dust explosion. Therefore, in conclusion, similar method of fire protection can be applied both in LPG facility and process involving flammable dusts. However, alteration in the way the method is implementing should be done according to the characteristics and the properties of flammable gas, or dusts that in question.
Fire investigation and fire prevention are hands down the most important aspects of the fire service. Public knowledge for both of these topics should be more known, and are in need of a further explanation to all individuals. Something as simple as having a fire alarm installed would be considered a good practice of fire prevention. Fire prevention is easy to understand, but its definition is the act of teaching the public of ways to prevent fires in homes, schools, businesses, and other places that a fire can occur in. Fire Investigation is a way of investigating the cause and origin of fires, which involves arson fires and accidental fires.
Gases like propane, butane and 'natural' gas. If a fire broke out in your home today, would you automatically know which fire extinguisher to use? What would happen if you used a Class A fire extinguisher on a fire in the electrical service panel in your basement? Answer: you'd possibly be electrocuted if the extinguishing agent is a liquid! A long time ago, the fire protection industry recognized the need to classify extinguishers according to the many kinds of burning materials encountered in a fire.
They contain carbon dioxide, water, dry powder, foam, hose reels and wet hydrant risers among other substances (Vincent 2007, p. 351-353). Before any construction is done by civil engineers, a fire action review should be taken (Diamantes 2005). This is done by the firefighting department so that future destruction that might be caused by fire is prevented. Under site review, roads that lead to the construction area should be well constructed to allow for passage of vehicles, which might be used while fighting fire in case of an outbreak. By the time of review, both the contractor and the premises owner should be aware of the benefits of the review plan.
1.1 Background: Automatic sprinkler systems and fire detection systems are play an important role in saving many industries from fires. In many cases an automatic sprinkler system has prevented fires from spreading across a industries or even extinguished a fire before fire can spread. Automatic sprinkler “systems have been designed to control or extinguish a fire in its early stage before the arrival of the fire department or fire brigade” (Wieder & Smith, 1998,). Automatic sprinkler systems are found in many commercial buildings and industries. Wieder and Smith (1998) told that “fire loss data reveals that in buildings and industry with automatic sprinklers, 96% of fires has been controlled or extinguished by these systems”.
M&C Hotels are required to carry out a Fire Risk Assessment. Only the Health & Safety Manager at the Millennium Gloucester & Bailey's Hotels are to undertake Fire Risk Assessments on behalf of the organization. An external specialist contractor or fire officer may also be charged with this task. A Fire Risk Assessment is a formalized review of: Fire hazards (sources of fuel, ignition, and oxygen) Means of detecting fire Means of fighting fire Means of escape This is done with a view to high-lighting the most likely causes of fire within a building and making recommendations to help reduce the likelihood of there being a fire and people being trapped by it. Possible improvements during a risk assessment may include: Installation of more fire alarm call points Installation of sprinkler system Installation of more fire detectors Reduction of evacuation times/escape route lengths Provision of additional escape routes Provision of more fire signs Removal of redundant/extraneous materials Better programs of fire safety training Appointment of Fire Marshals A copy of the fire risk assessment is kept in the company records for auditing and must be marked off with details of the action taken.
The processed fuel is sent through Viscosity and Flow regulator and also Temperature and Pressure control system to attain required pressure, temperature and viscosity for the engi... ... middle of paper ... ...essel. In case of engine room of a ship, some ships have automatic flooding systems which will prevent the fire from spreading to other compartments provided the machinery components are water resistive so that they can be operated after de-flooding. Also there are mechanisms which cut down the power supply to different auxiliary machinery in the problematic region to prevent electrical shock. It also helps to stop the fire if the fire is caused due to electrical circuit problems. All these are required to be placed inside the engine room to prevent major emergencies from happening and also to cease the fire if it happens.
It is important for first responders to know how to assess the scene, protect vital evidence and provide the necessary information to the fire investigator. This paper will discuss the various components of proper fire scene investigation etiquette. Observation of the Fire and Scene Conditions Personnel that are responding to a fire need to observe conditions and be aware of activities at or near the scene of the fire. By paying attention to the surrounding conditions, personnel will be able to give the investigating officer, who may arrive later an accurate and complete description (IAFC, 2010). First responders are able to gain invaluable information about the fire throughout their approach to and appearance at the scene.