Sin Taxes: Too Paternalistic or Promoting Self Control? Victoria Zuzelo Econ 330: Behavioral Economics Eric Schulz 3/5/14 I. INTRODUCTION Behavioral economics is relatively new field that is challenging the basic assumptions of the standard economic model. It iterates that people are not entirely rational actors, are not completely self-interested, and do not always hold time consistent preferences (Schulz Lecture). These notions have the potential to radically impact the way economic policy is executed in the United States because it can change policymakers’ understandings of how people act.
20). Globalization has put pressure upon countries to develop new ways to cope and adapt to the changing economic environment. We have seen that globalization has happened in the expense of the welfare state and has ignored it responsibility to achieve social justice in the midst of economic changes. Nevertheless the conflict between globalization and the welfare states has to be dealt with on a case by case basis, the obvious fact is that different countries will have different mechanisms with specific preferences and needs of its citizens.
It is prominent to analyze how does the community view the EU differently in order to understand the roots of the shocking Brexit. It is explained by Curtice (2016, p.209) that there are two main factors surrounding the public attitudes towards the EU. Firstly, the economic advantages that the EU carries into the member states. If the EU does not offer any profit to one country’s economy, the membership may be reconsidered, and vice versa. Secondly, the cultural consequences that arise from the EU’s membership.
Transforming the products of international negotiation into actual results has always been a difficult process. On one hand, successful translation involves the mobilization of intangibles, such as the political will to push through ratification and necessary changes in domestic legislation. On the other hand, technical details such as the implementation of an effective Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) regime are necessary as well. In climate change negotiations, previous COPs had emphasized the nature of commitments and actions in light of “common but differentiated responsibilities” and respective capabilities – that is countries should not be expected to all commit to identical cuts in emissions or bear equal economic burden, due to significant differences in socio-economic development between countries. Subsequently, countries have not been able to agree on a legal regime that would involve mandated cuts in carbon emissions, despite constant lobbying from small island developing states and other vulnerable countries.
Advocates of globalization argue that the integration of markets is ultimately irreversible, and attempts to block globalization have resulted in detrimental effects not only to global economy, but to domestic economy as well. This paper will argue that globalization has not yet reached its peak. Through the examination of arguments made by both skeptics and advocates of globalization, this paper will show that the recent global economic crisis has not reversed the phenomenon, but rather, has contributed to the rise of a new globalization. II. The Rise of Protectionism The 2007-2009 global economic crisis demonstrated the severe consequences of liberal globalization, and ultimately questioned the architecture of the economic world order that was established to avert such instability.
This has been fueled by the urge by such people to seek new opportunities and better life in the country. This is what has come to be commonly referred to as the “American Dream.” The main concern that has been identified as part of resolving the issue is evaluating the immigrants’ population especially those who do not have the required documents. Critics of immigration argue that it is such immigrants that pose a threat to the security of the country. Therefore, this is the main facet that has sparked the need for reform in the immigration policy. Currently, there is no comprehensive framework that provides guidelines of how such immigrants should be incorporated within the country’s population framework.
In his article “The Failure of Multiculturalism”, Kenan Malik uses the diverse European culture to study and explain the irony of multiculturalism. He defines multiculturalism as “the embrace of an inclusive, diverse society” (Malik 21). Integration between cultures is practically inevitable, but several nations view this as a threat towards upholding their culture. Due to this, many countries have made attempts at properly integrating new people and ideas while trying to prevent the degradation of their own. This can result in unjust regulations and the reverse effect of an intended multicultural society.
Not only has the government addressed this issue to be an economic and security threat, but those opposed to the problem also find illegal immigrants a threat to society. Today, the views have shifted in present society focusing on benefits immigrants may bring to the country although a negative presence still exists among them. Furthermore, in this paper I will outline how illegal immigration is deemed to be a problem, the successes and failures in facilitating solutions for the problem, and weighing out the costs and benefits of illegal immigration. Nevertheless, the population of ethnic minorities in the United States continues to increasingly dominate over Native Americans with greater challenges at stake. How has illegal immigration deemed to be such a threat to the United States?
Changing times however make it imperative that our government re-examine and adjust today’s immigration laws to today’s standards. Those standards however are not easily defined. All too often the issue of immigration is used as a political tool or is lost in heated moral debates. In any discussion about immigration you will have those who claim it is good for our nation and those who claim it is ruining the nation. More often than not the bottom line in any debate of this sort is money; will more or less immigration mean more or less money for those already in America.
By measurable you should be able to know how you will provide exact evidence to show that it is true and correct. Avoid general claims such as, “immigrants are discriminated against,” and go for more precise language such as, “immigrants are discriminated against in the housing and job markets because of the stigmatization and stereotypes they face as outsiders and foreigners.” For you, be sure to explain clearly what immigration reform means. What needs to change? Why are some politicians in favor, and some not? What is so political about this?