"The Waste Land" refuses to provide a simple solution; the properties of the language serve to make for an ambiguous narrative and conclusion, one as confusing and fragmented as Eliot's era itself. Eliot wastes no time drawing out the first irony of the poem. In the first lines of "The Burial of the Dead," the speaker comments on Jesus' crucifixion and Chaucer while using brutal sounds to relate his spiritual coldness in a warm environment. In "The General Prologue" to The Canterbury Tales, Chaucer poetically writes "Whan that April with his showres soote/ The droughte of March hath perced to the roote,/ And bathed every veine in swich licour,/ Of which vertu engrendred is the flowr" (Norton Anthology to English Literature, sixth edition, vol. 1, p.81).
Works Cited Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis. New York City, New York: Bantam Books, 1972. Print. Sokel, Walter H. "Kafka's 'Metamorphosis': Rebellion and Punishment."
- Keats, John. “The Eve of St. Agnes.” The Oxford Anthology of English Literature, Romantic Poetry and Prose. New York: Oxford UP, 1973. 524-35. - Richardson, Joanna.
Edward Munch: The Man and His Art. New York: Abbeyville Promotional, 1979. Print.
Miller, Arthur. The Crucible. New York: Viking, 1953. Scharnhorst, Gary. The Critical Response to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter.