?Government Decision Making and Program Performance: The Case of the Conservation Reserve Program.? American Journal of Agricultural Economics. February 1988. 111-121. Buchholtz, Shawn, and Michael J. Roberts.
Due to a struggling Mexico and the difficulty to become a legal citizen, the numbers of illegal immigrants have grown, causing the United States, Mexico and other Central American nations to turn to both tranquil and aggressive solutions. Corporations are beginning to run Mexico, buying acres of land that originally belonged to citizens. This, combined with a failing Mexican economy has left thousands without homes and jobs. Fortunately, the United States economy needs workers and shares a border with Mexico, being of much convenience to them. However, the United... ... middle of paper ... ...n advantage of the struggling Mexican system.
In the United States the estimated number of illegal immigrants has grown from 6 million in the 1990's, as stated in the US census (Woodrow, 1998), to over 13 million in 2009. The larger numbers of illegal immigrants entering the United States from these Latin American countries are Mexicans, who make up 59% of the group (Simpson, 2009). Illegal immigration as stated above occurs in two forms; immigrants can either cross the border or overstay their visa. They have common reasons of why they are trying to remain in the United States. The main reason is poverty in their countries of origin, which can include the amount of money people can make in those countries.
The United States is admitting more than 800,000 legal immigrants a year, with at least 200,000 more illegal immigrants settling permanently as well (National Review 12.13.93). This figure can also be bolstered by the "commuter" immigrants, illegal immigrants which cross the border for a period of time to work in low-paying, labor intensive jobs. These immigrants are creating one of the biggest burdens facing the government of the United States today, unemployment. Competing for jobs against native Americans, immigrants are not only using valuable government resources from welfare and other programs, but they are also increasing the rate of unemployment. True, the jobs immigrants are tak... ... middle of paper ... ...e number of Immigration and Naturalization officers as well as adding increased fines for employers with illegal workers.
I know I personally, would rather invest it in my college education, an IRA, social security, or pay off bills we have accumulating. So, the amount of money being spent on illegal immigrants in the United States is a huge expense to the American citizens. These monies are being paid out of the taxes paid by the hard working citizens. Every year, billions of dollars are paid out for illegal immigrants in hospitals, public schools, food assistance programs, federal prison, court cost, and deportation. It is appalling to see the amount of help that illegal immigrants receive being “non-citizens.” This money could be put into unemployment, social security, health care, schools, or any other system that seems to be failing us.
Santa Maria, a city located in California, is in the heart of the strawberry sharecrop market. With working in fields being extremely demanding, sharecropping businesses exploit the vulnerable. In today’s times Mexican immigrants, and in particular women, children, and teenagers are exploited every day in fields across the country. Mexican immigrants play a vital part in igniting capitalist agriculture, especially in strawberry agriculture, and are not compensated fairly for their work. With slavery being outlawed in the United States it is amazing how the Mexican immigrant field worker has not been advocated for, because their rigorous field work as well as their extremely low pay, closely resemble slavery.
But did Mexican immigration affect the United States in a positive or negative way? While Mexican migrant workers did have a major impact on Americas agricultural and railroad system, American's were not thrilled at the idea of having foreign immigrants migrate to their country and take away jobs. This resulted in nationalism. “Nearly a half-million Mexican’s entered the United States between 1920 and 1929, compromising over 15 percent of total immigration during that period” ( Chapter 8, The Mexican Immigrant Experience) Many Americans were distraught over the fact that foreigner’s from another country were coming into the United States of America not only to take away their jobs, but to use up valuable resource’s.What was so disturbing to them is that they were coming over at such a staggering rate. At this time Americans resorted to nationalism which is as Merton E. Hill stated in 1931 in a program that he outlined for Americanizing the Mexicans “Americanization is hereby defined as the ... ... middle of paper ... ..., "Major Problems In Mexican American History" The Mexican Immigrant Experience, 1917-1928, Zaragosa Vargas (233) 2.Merton E. Hill, " The Development of an Americanization Program" The Survey 66, no.3 (May 1931).
Many return back to Mexico after six months either due to a lack of work or by deportation. The reason so many Mexicans migrate illegally into the US is because of conditions in Mexico. Mexico’s population is increasing rapidly with a projection of 135 million by the year 20251. Mexico’s agricultural output does not meet the needs of a rising population. The majority of families can not grow enough to feed their own families.
(uleth) Many corporations and wealthy landowners took advantage of the new policies and quickly bought up much of the rural land. Now having to compete with large corporate farms, small farmers were no longer able to support themselves. Many... ... middle of paper ... ...ccessful starting a business. This has led many Mexicans to leaving the country in search of better business opportunities, which, in turn has worsened the situation by causing a lack of motivated and skilled workers in Mexico. Mexico has sought investment opportunities but any foreign investors are scared away from Mexico because of its corrupt government and rampant crime.
Fluctuating Immigration Policy and the Economy During the various decades of 1920 to 1960, immigration policy toward Mexicans was influenced by America's economic status at each decade. During this period there was much fluctuation in attitudes and policies toward immigration. America saw immigration policy go from an almost invisible border in the 1920's to massive military-like roundups of immigrants in the 1950's. During the 1920's while the Immigration act of 1924 was all but halting European and Asian immigration, thousands of Mexicans were allowed to cross the border without any trouble from the new anti-immigration legislation so that Mexicans could work seasonally in the fields. When Depression hit in the thirties, anti-Mexican sentiments ran high and the "Federal Government helped where it could to rid the country of Mexicans.