He believes philosophy is man's most honorable, plus most beneficial, occupation; actually, it is his duty. He appr... ... middle of paper ... ...his teachings had more accuracy than the opponents themselves had. Suppressing the minds and hearts of the people ultimately fails. So, while the government of Athens may try to control its philosopher and teachers this tactic never succeeds. Socrates is not a corruptor of youth; he teaches, guides, and encourages.
Socrates does not speak against the democracy. He simply encourages examination rather than passive acceptance of its practices. Well founded beliefs and knowledge of the democracy are essential to its longevity and effectiveness. By encouraging citizens to identify the basis of their faith in the democracy, Socrates acts with the intention of strengthening not only the beliefs of the citizens, but the democracy itself. In the case of the trial of “ten generals who had failed to pick up the survivors of the naval battle”(Plato, The Apology, §32b), Socrates alone stood as staunch opposition when the generals were tried as a body.
The development of Athenian democracy has been fundamental for the basis of modern political thinking, although many in modern society UK would be sceptical to call it a democracy. Plato and Aristotle in The Republic and The Politics respectively were critical of the Athenian democracy, by examining the culture and ideology present the limitations and possible downfalls of a democratic way of life. Within this essay I will outline these limitations and evaluate their validity. Plato defines Athens as a democratic society that “treats all men as equal, whether they are equal or not.” Therefore, believes that there are those that are born to rule and others that are born to be ruled. Plato presents the argument that democracy does not achieve the greatest good, giving four main objections to democracy.
Socrates was considered by many to be the wisest man in ancient Greece. While he was eventually condemned for his wisdom, his spoken words are still listened to and followed today. When, during his trial, Socrates stated that, “the unexamined life is not worth living” (Plato 45), people began to question his theory. They began to wonder what Socrates meant with his statement, why he would feel that a life would not be worth living. To them, life was above all else, and choosing to give up life would be out of the picture.
. which distributes a sort of equality to both equals and unequals alike.” Another aspect of the Form of Justice which is extremely important to many, and is also found in the democratic regime, is freedom. Plato, in fact, seems to admire the concept of freedom, although not placing it above the quest of seeking the Form of the Good, as Socrates observes that in “this city there is no requirement to rule . . .
For instance, Crito says he has rich friends that will help Socrates leaves Athens. Socrates questions Crito about exile, because Socrates believed that banishment is defying the law. I do not agree with Socrates because he is given two choices, eviction or death. However, my personal perspective is that both men are right and wrong, Socrates should not escape because of his moral values; however, there is nothing wrong with exile. Socrates believed in many things; for example, believing in the after life, and not fixing injustice with additional injustice.
Nevertheless, a political philosophical life is worth living if the proper balance between the political and the philosophical is obtained. Socrates, founder of political philosophy, believes it necessary to be concerned with the way one should live individually and collectively, but hold it higher to try to understand this way of life. Because he believes it more important to understand this way of life, he lives with the questions of political philosophy at all times, but cannot provide assertive answers to the question. For this reason, Socrates does not leave a set of theories or doctrines on how to understand the political philosophical life; leaving a set of theories or doctrines would imply that he knows the answers to this way of life. Illustrated in the Memorabilia and the Oeconomicus, Xenophon’s Socratic writings, are examples of how Socratic philosophy does not have the assertiveness needed for political life.
Thrasymachus claims that there is only one principle of justice: the interest of the more dominant force. Socrates counters this argument by using the phrase “the stronger.” He claims that the ruler of a nation will not be aided, but harmed, by an unintentional command, in the long run. Socrates then builds his argument gradually by stating that the good and just man looks out for the interest of the weaker, and not for himself. Thrasymachus tries to counter Socrates’s argument by vaguely proclaiming that injustice is more gainful than justice.However, Socrates bravely explains that the just man will live happily because he has a just soul, and the man with the unjust soul lives in poverty; therefore, injustice can never be greater than justice. At this point in the novel I saw Thrasymachus’s flaw and also the reason why Socrates has silenced Thrasymachus.
Socrates was concerned that his actions not only be good, but be just and noble as well. He accepts that the verdict must be carried out, even if it was not reached correctly because by accepting the laws of Athens he has obligated himself to accept the verdict even if it is unjust. Crito argued in favor of escape. He is concerned with the reputations of both Socrates and his associates. Crito also feel life in itself is of absolute value.
Socrates holds incredible respect for the laws which govern him and no deviance, be it great or small, would he permit. Socrates would probably wrestle with the nature of the particular situation and debate the meaningfulness with friends, such as Crito perhaps, but ultimately would decide that even a peaceful opposition to his government would be inappropriate.