Human Rights Violations of China's One Child Policy

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Abstract The purpose of this research is to highlight to what extent government policy has violated the human rights of women in China. Government policy is important to the organization of countries. Government policies work to aid in political, economic, and social issues that can become detrimental to the function of a country. Flourishing government policies prove to be efficient and effective when implementation is deemed successful. The One Child Policy proved to be successful in reducing population size. As past policy rules have now been eased, family planning officials in the region have begun drafting less strict family planning protocols. Though it has proved to be a successful policy in curbing population growth, the One Child Policy targeted women of China. A review of government policy, and its affect on the female population shows a link in population policy and its discrimination towards women. Although China reduced the stipulations of its One Child Policy, the enforcement of this policy has impeded the natural human rights of women due to the imposition of restricted childbirth. Introduction Following a thirty five year policy which was geared towards improving economic and social concerns within the region, the Peoples Republic of China has begun to facilitate its family planning regulations. Prior to the establishment of China’s population policy, the population experienced massive increases and decreases of its magnitude. Consequences of civil and global wars before 1949 led to high death rates in the country. As country conflict came to an end, and new leadership, population growth was greatly encouraged by Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong. During this time, the size of Chinas population grew subs... ... middle of paper ... ...ssed May 1, 2014). • UN General Assembly, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 10 December 1948, 217 A (III), available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3712c.html [accessed 9 March 2014] • "What are Human Rights." What are Human Rights. http://www.ohchr.org/en/issues/pages/whatarehumanrights.aspx (accessed April 29, 2014). • World Bank. (2014). Fertility rates, total (births per woman) Data retrieved May 1, 2014, from World Databank: World Development Indicators • Yang, Dennis Tao. 2008. China's agricultural crisis and famine of 1959-1961: A survey and comparison to soviet famines. Comparative Economic Studies 50, no. 1: 1-29, http://search.proquest.com/docview/201687756?accountid=15070. • Yu, Jiangxia and Jingwei Liu. 2009. The new biopolitics. Journal of Academic Ethics 7, no. 4: 287-296, http://search.proquest.com/docview/521178676?accountid=15070.

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