Christianity: A rise in the Classical Period Even though Christianity developed later than many other religions, and caught on slowly, its ideas were very popular. Some people were disagreeing with Judaism, and therefore reformed their ideas to fit with those of Christianity. Paul of Tarsus (5 c. e. - 67 c. e) was considered the most important religious leader in the developing and spreading of Christian beliefs. For Paul to prove that Christianity is for all people, he wrote letters and epistles. The appeal of Paul’s letters to the Romans helped spread Christianity by setting a universal foundation to different communities all over Europe.
With the Edict of Milan, he made Christianity the major religion of the empire and began a time of amazing growth for the faith. He made many gifts of land and money to build churches and support the leaders of the church. With his support of the Council of Nicea, he helped to define what Christians believed. Because of Constantine, Christianity became the major religion of the Roman Empire and of western civilization. He also moved the permanent capital of the empire from Rome to Constantinople, had many military victories that made the empire stronger, and had sons to follow him as emperor that could help keep the empire stable.
Buddhism spread in Southeast Asia where else Christianity spread in the Western Europe. They both however shared a place in which many of their ideas came from, India, which was the key to syncretism as India incorporated its tradition and values in these religions. Both religions functioned as a result of political rulers using the religion to strengthen their power, but also as a result these religions came to spread. King Ashoka used Buddhism for power, which brought Buddhism to spread and likewise, the church used Christianity to strengthen themselves as well a promote the religion. As the first millennium came to an end, Buddhism and Christianity established themselves as universal religions due to the fact of syncretism and the activities of political rulers and representatives of the religion.
L.P. Wilkinson, in his book The Roman Experience, discusses how Mithraism had parallels to Christianity in the sense that they acknowledged an immaculate conception of a savior, took part in baptismal ceremony and a sacramental meal, and they believed they would be resurrected after death . These religions possibly came to Rome through Roman soldiers who fought in the east, or the orient. So, obviously, reports Gough, it is easy to understand why Rome would be the perfect medium through which Christianity would spread through Western Europe . Gough explains how Rome was occupied by many inhabitants who were curious and open to new ideas . As it progressed, Christianity became a religion with scriptures and a devised creed.
Hence, under the reign of Constantine the Great, Christianity became an important religion in Rome, and it also grew to became an influential religion in Europe and the Western countries. There were many changes that were noticed in Constantine’s rule after his conversion to Christianity. Also, the experiences of his non-christian counter parts describe the strength of the Christianity as a religion and how it influenced the subjects in Constantine’s time. The battle at Milia Bridge was an important and significant turning point in the history of Christianity as a religion because this is when Constantine becomes devoted to the religion. Constantine and Cicinnus were two men beloved to God and hence, God proved their ally and helped them defeat their foes (Eusebius, 359).
On the other hand, the papal monarchy suffered from the additional Crusades that forced people to question the unity of the Christian Church. Christianity was an effective theme in the Middle Ages because it implemented most people and events of the time period. Socially, Christianity effected people's daily lives because faith offered another consideration for how life progressed. The introduction of new intellect and innovative advancements were growing with religious influenced. Politically, the emperor's were aided and impaired.
The emperors of the upcoming Roman Empire wanted to increase their power to keep their empire united. Around 300 CE, Constantine ended the persecution of Christians by converting to Christianity and supporting his new faith with imperial funds and a policy of religious freedom1. Under the rule of Constantine (306-337 CE), the state religion of Western Rome became Christianity. However, the conversion of the state religion took a century or so and was declared the state religion under the “reign” of Theodosius (379-395 CE). Christianity attracted conversion among women and men of all classes, assuring personal salvation, offering social advantages and security from the emperor, nourishing a sense of identity, developing a hierarchy to govern the church, and creating devoted communities2.
He used his charismatic authority to gain the support of the people and the influence over the Emperors to make decisions that would empower the Christian Church is remarkable in a time when just a century before there was immense amount of persecution towards Christian believers. Saint Ambrose was the determining force in the early history of Christianity that allowed the rise and shift of power that permitted the church to become the governing force in the Roman Empire.
Important works, books and documents, including the Bible were copied by monks and church members. The positive and negative factors of the Roman papacy’s rise to power in Western Europe was centuries in the making. The Roman pope gained theological, political and military power, wealth, and land ownership which made it the preeminent force in all of Europe. Monarchs sought God’s blessing to their rule through the Roman pope, in turn the Roman pope accessed monarchial support and political clout. The strength of the papacy is demonstrated by its centuries of staying power, growth, and impact on society.
Those who were sentenced as penanc... ... middle of paper ... .... The Roman Empire affected the spread of Christianity by having safe traveling roads, traders, and the conversion of Constantine. Lastly, Christianity was spread through early missionaries by the building of many new churches, writing letters about the beliefs of Christianity, and the spread of faith by converting others. Although conversion by force, the Roman Empire, and early missionaries weren’t the only reasons Christianity has become as large as it is, they all 3 had a huge impact on the spread of Christianity. Christianity continues to spread today, because of the technology and resources available now.