History and Overview of Foster Care in America

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Foster Care There is nearly 400,000 children in out-of-home care in the United States right now (Children’s Right). Just about every day children are being shipped in and out of foster homes and group homes. Most people want the best for children in foster care and decide to take care of them until their parents can possibly recover. The foster care system can have both a negative or positive effect on children, foster parents, and biological parents because of the gaps in the system. Foster cannot not be avoided but the some aspects of the foster care system can be avoided if the missing gaps were filled. History Foster care has been around for many years and has evolved greatly throughout the years. America’s first foster child happened to be Benjamin Eaton in 1636 at the age of seven years old (NFPA 2012). This opened the nation’s eyes on an occurring issue with children. A minister, Charles Loring Brace started the free foster care home movement in 1856. Brace was a minister and directed the New York Children’s Aid Society (NFPA 2012). This was going toward the right direction with foster care and providing homes for these children. In the 1900s the first laws to prevent child abuse and neglect was issued. For example, the Social Security Act of 1935 was the first approved grants from the government for child welfare services (Facts on Kids in South Dakota 2007). In this following article it continues to explain various history about foster care in America. In the 1970s CAPTA--Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act became clear as far as what was expected and for investigations involving abuse or neglect. “CAPTA provides federal funding to states in support of prevention, assessment, investigation, prosecution, and treat... ... middle of paper ... ...rieved November 13, 2013, from http://www.oregon.gov/dhs/features/Pages/social-media-tips.aspx Foster Care. (n.d.). Foster Care. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from https://www.childwelfare.gov/outofhome/foster_care/ Foster Care. (n.d.). Facts on Kids in South Dakota. Retrieved November 12, 2013, from http://www.usd.edu/business/south-dakota-kids-count/upload/FosterCare707.pdf Foster Care Services. (n.d.). Helen Ross McNabb Center, Inc. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from http://www.mcnabbcenter.org/services-programs/foster-care-services.html National Foster Parent Association. (n.d.). About Foster Care. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from http://nfpaonline.org/ TENNESSEE COMPILATION OF SELECTED LAWS ON CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, 2011 EDITION. (n.d.). 37-2-415. Foster parents' rights. Retrieved November 13, 2013, from http://www.state.tn.us/tccy/tnchild/37/37-2-415.htm

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