The prohibition Act of the 1920’s was brought into laws due to the push of temperance but reinforcing the law was weak so untimely, there were lots of bad effects. First, there were major reforms to stop alcohol consumption between the 1840’s until Prohibition went into effect in 1920. There were concerns over excessive alcohol consumption at the beginning of the American colonial era. During the eighteen century, drinking was a part of everyday life. There were reformers like the Protestant religious groups, especially the Methodists and health reformers like Benjamin Rush, who urged American to stop their drinking habits for both moral and health reasons.
(Nash and Jeffery 715) Ultimately the favor of abolition led to the repeal of the 18th amendment by passing the 21st amendment on Dec. 5, 1933. The Beer-Wire Revenue Act was also legalized which allowed for 3.2% of alcohol in beer and light wines but included tax when purchasing such items. Throughout much of history alcohol was known for many issues involving moral distinction, domestic violence, and growth of society. People sometimes over-exaggerated the effect of alcohol with the hard times during the war and before the war and all the economic hardship. When prohibition was induced and laws were broken and crime rates rose, people started to realize that abolition may be the only solution.
It was a major issue because alcohol was ruining families and making families poor. Alcohol is a major waste of money and destroys the lives of people and there families. “Nevertheless, National Prohibition succeeded both in lowering consumption and in retaining political support until the onset of the Great Depression altered voters priorities” (Blocker). The Temperance Movement was helping lower the consumption and sales of alcoholic beverages. “Prohibition affected alcoholic bev... ... middle of paper ... ...l and it is no longer going on today because we can legally have and purchase alcohol at the age of 21.
People concerned about alcohol use u... ... middle of paper ... ... begun in 1934, succeeded in helping alcoholics (“History” 3). Prohibition failed to improve health and virtue. Prohibition was supposed to be an economic and moral godsend. Prisons and poorhouses were to be emptied, taxes cut, and social problems eliminated. Prohibition did not achieve its goals.
Prohibition was put in place by the Temperance Movement because they blamed alcohol for the United States flaws, especially murder and crime. Also, people began to notice that alcohol damaged our health and blamed it on the future generation health problems. Prohibition was also established because of economic and political reasons. For instance, many workers came to work intoxicated and the absence rate was very high causing jobs to be less efficient. Many politicians won voters in rural areas because they promised to back up prohibition.
Organized Crime as the Main Factor that Led to Failure of Prohibition In January 1919 the 18th Amendment outlawed the manufacture, transportation and sale of liquor, backed up by the Volstead Act which classify liquor as any drink which contained 0.5% alcohol or more. Different groups backed this new law but it was also opposed by many. Prohibition, never succeeded. There were various reasons why the enforcing of Prohibition failed. Both presidential candidates in 1932 were 'wet' so on 5th December 1933 Prohibition was finally abolished by the 21st Amendment - 14 years after it had been introduced.
In The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald examines the negative repercussions of prohibition on the economy, characters in the Great Gatsby, and on the different social classes of the 1920s. Prohibition was passed to eradicate the demand for liquor but had the inadvertent effect to raise the crime rates in American. Robert Scott stated, “Prohibition was supposed to lower crime and corruption, reduce social problems, lower taxes needed to support prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America” (Scott 2). As the demand for alcohol increased, people began to find new methods to mask the production and consumption of liquor. It became easier to break the rules.
“Prohibition succeeded in replacing good beer with bad gin.” (Digital History) The 18th Amendment was put to use to prohibit the sale and the intake of alcoholic beverages. However, by passing the 18th Amendment, the government ultimately helped to contribute to the downfall of American culture and the increase in the crime rate. People no longer wanted to be involved in public activities away from their homes. These, along with others, were all the effects of the government enforcing the amendment, essentially deciding what the people could or could not drink. On the midnight of January 16, 1920, the United States went dry; this was the beginning of the Prohibition.
Prohibition was the main goal for many groups like the anti-saloon league and the women temperance union. Those for prohibition believed that alcohol was harmful for many reasons like impacting labor productivity and abuse. They also believed prohibition would erase corruption/crime and to Americanize immigrants, But it was obvious this law would fail . “Congress saw hope in a tax – this time, the return of a federal tax on alcohol. By the time Franklin Roosevelt came out for repeal during the 1932 campaign, it was clear that the 18th Amendment was doomed.” This struggling issue of the 20's was known as “the noble experiment” one that split opinion of the us citizens, prohibition had many reasons to be a controversy but this experiment failed as it should have because the crime rose and it limited peoples freedom and rights.
There were large numbers of saloons opening up and many also incorporated gambling and prostitution. Some religious communities, women’s Christian groups and politicians thought the use of alcohol was immoral and sinful, and wanted to create a reformed society where people would give up drinking. By taking the licenses away from the manufacturers of alcohol and the places of business, through the Prohibition Act, they hoped this would turn society around. https://prohibition.osu.edu/why-prohibition W... ... middle of paper ... ...consequences of the abuse of alcohol and how it affects the rest of society. A lot was learned from those fourteen years and those lessons are important today.