Imperial China, 900-1800. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Wang, D., & Shang, W. (2005). Dynastic crisis and cultural innovation: from the late Ming to the late Qing and beyond. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
“Sun Yat Sen (1866-1925)”. Movers & Shakers. 25 February 2010 http://library.thinkquest.org/26469/movers-and-shakers/sun.html Caswell, Thomas. “Opium Wars”. China.
New York, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. Marks, Robert B. The Origins of the Modern World. Lanham, Maryland: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2007. Mungello, D. E. The Great Encounter of China and the West, 1500-1800.
This was important because at times Britain’s arm... ... middle of paper ... ...ion of the First English Ambassador to China, 1792.” Fordham University. Last Modified July, 1988 http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1792macartney.asp (Date accessed October 16, 2012) Halsall, Paul. “Indian History Sourcebook: England, India, and The East Indies, 1617 CE.” Fordham University. Last Modified June, 1998. http://www.fordham.edu/Halsall/india/1617englandindies.asp (Date accessed October 17, 2012) Wills, E. John Jr. “Maritime Asia, 1500-1800: The Interactive Emergence of European Domination.” Oxford Journals 98, no. 1 (February 1993): 83-105.
Rajkumar Hirani, Abhijit Joshi, and Vidhu V. Chopra. 2009. DVD. Filmography of Hybrid films Carroll, Willard, dir. Marigold.
2011 (14 April). Confucianism in China Today. Online: http://www2.kenyon.edu/ Depts/Religion/Fac/Adler/Writings/Confucianism %20Today.pdf (22 August 2011) Cua, A. S. 2005. Human nature, ritual, and history studies in Xunzi and Chinese philosophy. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press.
Doism and Daoist Studies. Oxford: One world publication. Retrieved October 5, 2011 from http://ww.daoiststudies.org/dao.daoism Silicon Valley & Tornado Alley, (2011). Legalism and the Legalists of Ancient China. Retrieved October 5, 2011 from http://www.applet-magic.com/legalism.htm Terence C., & Roxanna P., (2010).
In ancient China, the Silk Road was an invaluable highway system used to transport valuable trade items and knowledge and ideas throughout Asia. Many valuable goods were shipped off and profit was made from trading with Rome, India, and China. With the Silk Road, valuable goods and ideas spread efficiently; areas were revolutionized and it allowed for cultural diffusion to occur. Many valuables were exchanged along the Silk Road, not only were items traded, but new ideas as well. One of “the most valuable item of trade was silk, but jade, pearls, coral, glass, fine linen and wool were also brought on the road by merchants” (Cultural Exchange).
Because of this, and many other highly regarded qualities, China has made the Peking opera its “national opera” (Wertz). The Beijing Opera is such an important part of Chinese culture that “Beijing Opera Month” has been declared (Wertz). Many of the classic operas from the Qing dynasty would, most likely, not be able to be performed by today’s actors. They consisted of “more than 24 acts; to rehearse them would take years and to stage them several days” (HISTORY). The epic play, Shengpingcaofa, was based on the tale, Journey to the West; is considered “one of the four great classic Chinese novels” (HISTORY).