To understand Henry Giroux’s view on the intense colonization of childhood through massive corporations; readers must first understand how humans are socialized. Every social experience that an individual has holds special importance in the socialization process. Mass media are forms of communication aimed at a large audience. Such media has the potential to be influential forces on shaping people's opinions and ways of life. These same corporations also help in shaping the beliefs and ethics of individuals.
America is portrayed as a child-friendly society, but in actually, Americans are on the contrary to this notion. Henry Giroux explores the way that American culture shifts issues of capitalism onto children, confusing the separation between child and adult. In his argument Giroux points out three myths that contribute to corporate culture’s war on children. The first is the “the end of history,” (Giroux P.2). Under this myth citizens are thought to have no individual freedoms from norms, (P.2). The second myth is “childhood innocence,” under this myth children are in the purist form without much knowledge of the world, and in need of extreme protection from adults of said knowledge, (P.2). This essentially leaves children powerless and incapable of making their own discoveries. The final myth is “disinterested scholarship,” according to this myth; commercial culture is becoming the main targets of education instead of the dynamics of academics, (pg. 3).
In narrative context, Giroux contends the politics of innocence is racialized, sexualized, and gendered through the perspectives of white, middle-class, and privileged children. However, different children experience childhood in different ways. Politicians shed little lig...
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...is model of teaching leaves out the students from poor economic and social disadvantages. Failing to take into account that even if they receive the same education as someone from a middle-class background; these students still have to go home and deal with unfortunate circumstances.
The realm of education tends to shine a negative light on younger generations labeling them as menace to society and ultimately excluding them without fair opportunity. Every child is different; some may require more attention from teachers than others. Schools tend to forget this unique characteristic of human life once standardized testing and grading comes into the equation. Politicians are now placing the blame on the downfall of the economy on poor education techniques. Educational institutions in American have become so morph into the concept of standardized methods of learning
President Ronald Reagan once described America as, “A Nation at Risk,” He was addressing this statement to the education department thirty years ago and meant it as a wake-up call. He was aware that the United States was falling behind in education and needed to take action in order to prevent the demise of the country. Reagan correctly predicted the grim fate of America if education did not see improvement. Today, research finds that American education is failing to provide the necessary skills to succeed in college and various careers. The quality of education in America is a growing issue and every year graduate students are finding it more difficult to obtain high paying jobs and start his or her career. According to studies conducted globally, the curriculum in America is not as advanced and years behind international schools in countries such as China and Japan. There is much controversy in government over what can be done to reverse the situation in public schools but possible solutions that have been suggested are hiring more qualified teachers, more classroom time, and investing more money into education.
The idea of childhood innocence is one that could be interpreted in many different ways. Yusef Komunyakaa’s “English”, Kurt Vonnegut’s “Harrison Bergeron”, Peter Tait’s “Too much information destroys childhood innocence”, and Cormac McCarthy’s The Road are all pieces that demonstrate how childhood innocence is preserved. In “English”, Komunyakaa describes a boy who sees an airstrike during a war and thinks it is a celebration because no one has ever explained the concept of war to him. “Harrison Bergeron” demonstrates a society that is very conservative about the knowledge they allow its civilians to obtain. Peter Tait’s article on preserving childhood innocence exposes the truths about social media and the easy access kids
Today’s schools are classified according to which social class the children’s parents come from. The American education system teaches students to make decisions on aptitude. Harder standards are implemented with the idea that schools will output better students who know more, or who are more inclined to achieve things. Unfortunately, the exact opposite is the reality. Students are being taught to follow methods and instructions rather than making decisions based on experience.
During the New Industrial Age in America, many aspects of American life were in flux. People were moving from rural areas to large population centres and factories were booming. This was also when America started to become an extremely capitalist country, with values to match. The economy was set up in a way that lower class Americans struggled to make a living, and as such child labour came into play. Children would work in factories that had conditions barely suitable for adults, let alone still developing children. They had to do this because it was necessary for their families to have whatever extra money they could get their hands on. All the while, upper class Americans were profiting off of the children’s suffering and amassing wealth
In many low income communities, there are teachers that are careless and provide their students with poor quality education. These teachers are there just to make sure that they keep receiving their monthly paychecks and act in this way because they believe that low income students do not have the drive, the passion, or the potential to be able to make something of themselves and one day be in a better place than they are now. Anyon reveals that in working class schools student’s “Work is often evaluated not according to whether it is right or wrong but according to whether the children followed the right steps.” (3). This is important because it demonstrates that low income students are being taught in a very basic way. These children are being negatively affected by this because if they are always being taught in this way then they will never be challenged academically, which can play a huge role in their futures. This argument can also be seen in other articles. In the New York Times
Education supports everyone getting opportunities in life and being able to choose better for themselves. As Horace Mann wrote, education is the “great equalizer for all.“ However, the United States Public School system will likely never be able to equally educate its masses of students. Public school educating all fairly is a myth.There is no one entity to blame for this failure. The failure lies with each student who has been conditioned to sit passively in an un-engaging classroom. Its failure lies in some students disrespectfully distracting their classmates and frustrating their once inspired teacher or administrator. The failure lies with administration being distracted with causes of the moment and burns out from knowing that all
Steven Mintz, author of “Huck’s Raft: A History of American Childhood” (2004), writes about the conceptualization of childhood in America. He views the history of childhood in this country as having three overlapping phases. Phase one he terms as premodern childhood. This phase took place in the colonial era and in this period of time adults viewed children as adults in training. Mintz suggests that in the premodern phase the parental responsibility was to hurry children toward their adult role and status (Mintz, 2004). Phase two for Mintz was about the middle of the 18th century when children were regarded as innocent, malleable and fragile. Adults viewed the young as needing to be sheltered from contamination. However, childhood was more
James, Jenks and Prout (1998) argue that childhood is characterised by sets of cultural values whereby the ‘…western childhood has become a period of social dependency, asexuality, and the obligation to be happy, with children having the right to protection and training but not to social or personal autonomy’ (James, Jenks and Prouts 1998 pg. 62). Here, childhood is described in sets of distinguished features and these features imply that the concept childhood may vary from place, culture and time. Therefore suggesting that there is no fixed or universal experience of childhood, for example, childhood in the medieval UK will be extremely different to the childhood in modern UK and therefore it varies over time, place and culture. Since the definition and state of childhood may vary depending on our cultural and historical background, some sociologist claim that childhood is not just biological, but must have been socially constructed for a specific society needs at a particular time. In this essay, I will attempt to explore ways in which childhood is said to be socially constructed by looking at historical childhood and how it has led to construction of modern childhood in the modern society. I will also explore the agency of children as competent social actors able to construct their social world.
Case Hirsch’s quote: “Children from poor and illiterate homes tend to remain poor and illiterate is an unacceptable failure of our schools, one which has occurred not because of our teachers are inept but chiefly because they are compelled to teach a fragmented curriculum based on faulty educational theories” (Hirsch 33).
A abundant amount of high school students in the world don’t completely remember what they’re taught or how it’s being taught to them before they leave for college or begin their career. One of the reasons why students don’t understand is because they think they’ll obtain humiliation for not being strong or as intelligent in that class. Multiple students misconstrue in school because of embarrassment. Another reason why students might not get the education they need is due to the families financial status in their country. Not all countries are as rich as the U.S., so it makes it not as affordable for them to even have one school. Students not getting an education can be caused by them misunderstanding what they’re being taught. The way that the teacher explains it might not be enough for the students to understand what they’re being taught.
...student as slow then the student, may feel that the teacher has given up on them and not put forth the effort do well in school. The most devastating labels are put on the poor and the powerless. They do not have the fight in them to reverse the label and therefore believe that the label is true.
This paper will critically discuss the ‘disappearance of childhood’ debate which centres on electronic media and consider why such a debate has come into existence. This essay will critically discuss both sides of the debate that is the disappearance proponents and those who are more optimistic about the effects of technology on the lives of children. In response to both arguments, I will propose that there is a new concept of childhood which has evolved throughout history; this concept is one of changing childhoods for a whole variety of reasons. It is noteworthy that these arguments are developed from American and European opinions and do not necessarily reflect the experience of children internationally.
The concept of childhood innocence began with the Romantic view of childhood, where children were seen as pure and sin free. The concept was greatly influenced by the eighteenth-century French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). Rousseau, (1765) believed that children are born good and guiltless, and through life experiences, they learn badness and guilt. Most parents see their children as innocent and want to protect them from the bad world we live in. This is not always easy, especially when the country they live in is at war and children take part in it, or they live in a poor country. The war and lack of sufficient money are some of the challenges the childhood innocence faces in today's world.
Historically speaking, prior to the industrial revolution and urbanisation of modern societies children were seen as another part of the family unit, an economic resource and a support for domestic chores. Whereas, in current western neoliberal culture, the child’s economic value has been replaced with an anxiety manifestly around children’s vulnerability. Correspondingly, this vulnerability has given rise to a social responsibility to protect the child from the risks of moral corruption, realised in the form of legislation (Foucault 1978). Similarly to Foucault, Meyers draws attention to historian Philippe Aries notion that ‘the child is a legally constructed identity, historically and politically contingent’ (2007, p. 52), and in this way
Children that are in school that deal with low income have been stereotyped to be unqualified to get a proper education; are presumably unable to get the necessary tools that are needed to learn. For instance Ashly Garris said that, “poor children are automatically at a disadvantage when they enter schools because of this lack of resources” (Garris). Therefore it can be agreed that low-income students are unprepared to learn; falling behind from having insufficient supplies to study. Apart from that some people woul...