“[The war on drugs] has created a multibillion-dollar black market, enriched organized crime groups and promoted the corruption of government officials throughout the world,” noted Eric Schlosser in his essay, “A People’s Democratic Platform”, in which he presents a case for decriminalizing controlled substances. Schlosser identifies a few of the crippling side-effects of the current drug policy put in place by the Richard Nixon administration in the 1970s to prohibit drug use and the violence and destruction that ensue from it. Ironically, not only is drug use as prevalent as ever, drug-related crime has also become a staple of our society. In fact, this essay argues that the current policy of the criminalization of drugs has fostered a steady increase in crime over the past several decades. Controlled substances come with a higher price tag, which means drug addicts need to pay more for drugs.
What does MDMA do to the brain? Retrieved from http://alcoholism.about.com/cs/ecstasy/f/mdma_faq05.htm 4. U.S. Department of Justice Drug Enforcement Association. (2009, June). Drugs and chemicals of concern: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (street names: MDMA, ecstasy, xtc, e, x, beans, adams).
Cocaine Cocaine is a classified ‘Schedule II’ drug, also known as “crack”, and “coke” it is a powerful drug, and addictive stimulant well known as a psychoactive substance. That comes from a plant called coca leaf that has been around since the mid-1800s and throughout the 20th century. “In the mid-1980s, addiction to the drug was seen as exaggerated or dismissed as psychological and not addiction” (Miller, Gold, Smith, 1997, p.62). In the past, cocaine’s original use was for medical purposes as local anesthetic for surgeries. Now its usage is illegal and this drug is immersed into the body through various ways.
Cocaine is: a white powder, rock crystal, pure chemical cocaine hydrochloride. Cocaine is a drug, both used medically and illegally, primarily known for its euphoric effects. It essentially affects the physical and mental processes of the body and brain. Cocaine can be a dangerous drug to play with, and the influence of it changes lives. The use of cocaine is potentially taken to receive a “high” effect, which can last for up to fifteen minutes.
The Drug Trafficking is the terminology used for addressing production, cultivation, distribution and selling of the drugs in an illicit manner against the laws that prohibit the use of such drugs like cocaine, marijuana, alcohol, heroine etc. Crime and violence spreading due to growing influence of drug industry and international drug trafficking and its impact on the economic opportunities of the citizens and geopolitical stability worldwide has been emerging as a core and prominent issue concerned with the Geopolitical Science. From past one decade, this illegal international drug trafficking has occupied almost 1% of the global business as more than 1.3 trillion dollars have been traded in 2009 into it.1 The illegal trading, economic instability, deterioration of human life, geo-political instability and burgeoning dominance of crime and violence proliferated by the Drug Trafficking encourages transnational organized crime across the borders and poses a threat to the sanity, morality, humanity harmony and democratic values of our society and hence it should be handled proactively in collaboration with IGOs and NGOs by implementing stern strategies for diminishing its impact across the society. This paper sets out to analyze the causes of the rise and prevalence of the drugs in international market, consumption of different types of drugs and their outcome on the young generation from the health, social, economical and psychological perspective. It elaborates how various IGOs and NGOs have addressed this issue with all the possible efforts in their capabilities, but the drug trafficking continues to persist despite their contribution.
The drugs in question which are referred to in this paper illegal ones such as marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy, LSD, heroin, methamphetamine, morphine, shrooms, and oxycontin. All of these drugs should be legalized and regulated, just as alcohol is today, in order to mend the societal and moral problems caused by outlawing them. The only reason the government differentiates between alcohol and illegal drugs is that drugs are perceived to cause greater harm and addiction than alcohol can. Yet, this is simply untrue. Alcohol is no less ... ... middle of paper ... ...How Stuff Works, n.d.
According to the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse in 2001, 12% of Americans ages 12 and older reported illegal drug use in the past year (Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse, 2003). Some of the most popular drugs include marijuana, cocaine, and heroine. With such widespread use worldwide, illegal drugs have serious social and political impacts. Socially, drug use spreads quickly and is closely related to crimes. Politically, drug use sparks the debate between prohibition and legalization.
Cocaine can be traced back thousands of years, but its presence wasn’t widely known in North America until the late 1800’s and once it hit, there was an epidemic (Gootenberg 191-192). Cocaine was found to be highly addictive, forming a strong physiological and psychological dependence due to its direct effect on the brain’s central nervous system, specifically the reward pathway. Cocaine comes from the leaves of two specific coca plants that are primarily grown in South America. The leaves contain the specific cocaine alkaloid that is needed to make cocaine hydrochloride (Rhodium). Alkaloids are a class of alkaline amines that are found in nature and amines are organic compounds containing a nitrogen atom bonded to one, two or three carbons (Suchocki 368).
In order to decrease the consumption of these narcotics society must start to project the real facts. Subject: Cocaine is the most powerful stimulant drug which has been transformed into many forms. Crack rock is a crystalized form that is smoked and delivered into the bloodstream however; the hydrochloride is the salt (powder) form. In the United States 2012 national survey 9.5% of youths aged 12 and older were reported using illicit drugs. No matter the consumption or frequency of this drug, cocaine increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, seizure or respiratory failure, which in some cases can result in sudden death.