Great Gatsby American Dream Analysis

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Visions of the American Dream At a first glance, The Great Gatsby is an account of a failed relationship between a man from a modest background and a woman from high society. This aspect of the novel however also serves to develop a much bigger theme. F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel is a story about the value of the so called American Dream and the polarity between its particular ideas. Fitzgerald uses many different means to express a certain perspective on the subject. The most significant articulation of this theme is reflected in Jay Gatsby's tremendous quest for the woman he loves, which is punctuated by a conflict between his idealised vision of his love and the actual conditions. This is a repeating pattern. The novel is punctured by many …show more content…

Although it could be argued that when the details of Gatsby’s life are revealed and he dies his greatness is lost,his greatness lies in the fact that his dream was not actually fullfilled. American literary critic Harold Bloom argues: “Whatever the American Dream has become, its truest contemporary representative remains Jay Gatsby, at once a gangster and a romantic idealist . . . His death preserves his greatness and justifies the title of his story, a title that is anything but ironic.” (Bloom 5). Gatsby’s material success obtained by illegal means challenges the perception that the American Dream is a product of honest hard work. It speaks of the point that achievement is very often an outcome of many different elements as opposed to only genuine work and excellence. He actually created a whole new identity for himself, he made a fortune and embellished his life with material belongings which he supposes will tempt Daisy to forget everything and stay with him. Although he presumed to reach his happiness by accumulating property, it was never his main goal. It was a means to an end to reach his indefinite object encapsulated in his cherished Daisy. His love is hopeful and idealistic and yet it is inseparable from materialistic means. From Gatsby’s father Nick learns how even before he created the illusion of Gatsby James Gatz was a determined man, who wanted to improve himself and overcome his humble beginnings. They find his schedule and the father says that “Jimmy was bound to get ahead.” (Fitzgerald 185). He believed he could achieve anything with hard work; ironically he got rich by illegal means. When he says to Carraway: "Can't repeat the past . . . Why of course you can" (Fitzgerald 118) what he implies is that he really would like to regain his previous connection with Daisy, rejecting the fact that she is married and has a daughter

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