This political philosophy is a system of government in which powers are divided between a central government and semi-sovereign political states. The radical leaders who were important in stressing these ideologies and new ideas were Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams. The American Revolutionary period occurred in 1763 when Britain defeated France in the French and Indian War. Because of this war, England had almost doubled its own national debt. The colonists of the Mother Country (Britain), the peoples of America, expected to have their "rights of the Englishmen" given to them by their benefactor as a natural set of rights.
The origins American Revolutionary War began in the mid to late 1600 and started with the French and Indian War and the Seven Years War between Great Britain and France. This laid the foundation for the war between America and Great Britain because the British won both the French and Indian War and the Seven Years War. The American Revolutionary War began due to the fact that the British rule was harsh of taxing the British Colonists. Britain rule during this time was known as “Regulator” which the King would send people who first appeared to be patriots in as spies and reg... ... middle of paper ... ...lonies formed the United States of American on July 4, 1776. This defeat was in part to the British not being able to control and protect their supply lines during the war as well as the action of the Minute Men who were ready in a minutes notice to protect the colonies of the new America.
The British Parliament was exploiting its colonies to pay for the war debt accrued from the French and Indian War. The Americans felt the British had too much control over them with all the taxes they imposed, so they went to war. Money was certainly one of the major causes of the American Revolution. The Americans won when Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown when surrounded by American and French troops. A peace treaty wasn't signed until two years later, when Great Britain formally recognized independence.
In the American Revolution, the colonists had strong beliefs that the English government was unfair and often tyrannical. The Political Pamphlet, "Common Sense," published in 1776 by Thomas Paine discussed the importance of the American Revolution in straightforward language to provide a complete understanding of the relationship between colonists and England. Indeed, the "Common Sense," influenced the colonist to realize their independence. "The cause of America is in a great measure the cause of... ... middle of paper ... ...about taxation affected them in realizing their independent. The American Revolution was brought by a number of different things.
(3) A forward commercial policy was undertaken with the Navigation Act of 1651, the basis of England's commercial prosperity in the next century. This aimed at winning the carrying trade of Europe for English ships, and at excluding all rivals from trade with England's colonies. It led to a war with the Dutch, who had monopolised the carrying trade of the world in the first half of the seventeenth century. For in that period the royal policy had frustrated all attempts of the bourgeoisie to throw the resources of England into an effective struggle for this trade. In this war, thanks to Blake's fleet and the economic strength the Republican Government was able to mobilise, England was victorious.
In backlash, Charles I dissolved the Parliament and assembled another, which unfortunately for him, created the Petition of Rights that he was forced to sign2. The Petition of Rights “sets out specific liberties of the subject that the king is prohibited from infringing”3, which includes restrictions on taxation without P... ... middle of paper ... ... American Revolution. Ultimately, the United States Bill of Rights along with the American Declaration of Independence, among the leading examples of modern democracy, were heavily influenced by the Age of Enlightenment as reformers like Jefferson understood that cyclic destruction of social oppression. In conclusion, misuse of absolute monarchy leads to vicious cycles. Even though monarchs have argued for social benefits, they fail to meet with expectations of commoners.
The peasants, consequently, despised the rich and carried out an assault ... ... middle of paper ... ...estore their rights within it” (Doc ___). Before the revolution, the British government had already adopted a constitutional monarchy and treated its people fairly with the Magna Carta and representation in Parliament. Seeing these injustices enraged the colonies who all wished to receive rights and independence from the monarch. The goal of creating a democratic nation served as motivation for the Revolutionists and the British government became a rough model. In sum, the French and American Revolutions had many similarities despite the differences in ruling monarchs and circumstances.
Despite the outrage, the colonists of the backwoods appeared divided. Some colonists of the backwoods, as mentioned, argued that the land past the Appalachians indeed belonged to the... ... middle of paper ... ...e British believed in their constitutional monarchy. The ideological differences proved difficult for the colonists to overcome as war with Britain was imminent. The Enlightenment, the driving force of colonial discontent, came to the forefront on July 4, 1776; with signing the Declaration of Independence. The liberties of the colonists, no longer denied distanced themselves from tyrannical rules of the Crown.
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These groups not only demanded less severe taxes, but Colonial representation in Parliament. When England denied them representation, the Colonists decided to fight their colonizer for political freedom. Making the American Revolution the first anti-colonial, democratic revolution in history. With the battle cry of “ No taxation without representation”, Americans went to war and it is from this violent uproar that the United States of America was born. The “thirteen” colonies which would later become the Unites States of America were originally colonies of Great Britain.