Instead of conforming to this perception, people were only led to believe the word to mean “dark and ominous”. Gothic architecture, with the foreboding atmosphere posed around it, correlates with the Gothic novel because it has been a prevalent backdrop to gothic novels in the 19th century, such as Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein. These Gothic horror stories were some of the first examples of the horror genre, and are therefore vital for the understanding this field. In its historical context, the gothic horror genre is believed to have emerged as a response to a time of rational thought, the Enlightenment or the Age of Reason. This intellectual movement a... ... middle of paper ... ...tablished in the modern horror genre, thus it is practical to observe the archetypes of the Gothic novel as well.
Fear is a guiding force in both the short stories and the fixation the main characters with it only leads to their demise. With both terror and the supernatural being common conventions in most gothic fiction Gothic Fiction is a popular genre of literature that’s aim is to combine horror, fiction and romanticism. It originated in 18th century England and was said to have been founded through Horace Walpole’s novel “The Castle of Otranto” (Hughes). He claimed it to be a “found” medieval manuscript which added to its popular, although he later admitted it was a lie (Hughes). This mode of literature appears to have sprung out from Gothic architecture... ... middle of paper ... ...th possess conventions commonly demonstrated in gothic fiction surrounding setting, atmosphere and theme.
Fictional literature can be categorized into many different genres: drama, romance, science fiction, tragedy, comedy, horror, and gothic. Gothic fiction borrows from horror by sampling mystery, dire setting, and chilling architecture. Romance is sampled in gothic fiction by the use of characters, firm emotions, and misguided love. Greenblatt writes, " Gothic became a label for the macabre, mysterious, supernatural, and terrifying, especially the pleasurably terrifying, in literature generally; the link that Romantic-period writers had forged between the Gothic and antiquated spaces was eventually loosened" (584). Horace Walpole wrote The Castle of Otranto in 1764.
Gothic novels were a type of fiction that became popular in England during the 1700’s and early 1800’s (Dunn 279). Gothic novels were mysteries that often involved the supernatural and heavily filled with horror (?). Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein was one of the most prominent Gothic novels in the time of the Romantics (?). According to Frank J. Dunn, “In the 1800’s, elements of the Gothic novel appeared in other forms of fiction that shared its interest in the terrible and the exotic (279).” Gothic novels follow a set of many characteristics and aspects that help define what it truly is. Gothic novels have many different characteristics: they evoke terror both physical and psychological, they have character that keep themselves isolated in time or space from contemporary l... ... middle of paper ... ... Shelley’s Frankenstein truly displays the true essence of what a Gothic novel should represent through the many different characteristics of a Gothic novel.
The term gothic was originally used to describe both type of Art and Architecture. Gothic novels were given a genre of their own primarily because of their emotional extremes and their dark themes. Gothic Literature ================= The gothic novel is a literary genre which is said to have been created in 1764 when Horace Walpole wrote his novel ‘The Castle of Otranto’. The main features of gothic novels included terror, mystery, the supernatural, doom, death, curses and madness. The term ‘gothic’ was originally used to describe both type of Art and Architecture.
A number of his homes are dedicated museums today.” (Literary Style of Edgar Allan Poe). Poe is an important author to American Literature. He is credited for inventing the detective genre and using short story. His gothic and scary style is interesting and creates a suspenseful and spooky mood. Poe was part of the literary movement of Romanticism.
Also, the storm that approaches signifies upcoming evil (Gates 3-29). Bram Stoker incorporates many important Gothic elements into his writing, Dracula, which it what lead it to become such a well-known Gothic novel today. In conclusion, Gothic literature is a literature that has been around for over two hundred years and still continues to flourish today. Gothic literature consist of many gothic elements to make each novel more superior than other literatures such as romance and horror combined, as well as a dark and gloomy remote setting. Authors such as Edgar Allan Poe, Emily Bronte and Bram Stoker have different styles of writing to accomplish each story they compose.
Gothicism is a sub- genre for many Romantic writers. This genre includes Gothic conventions such as macabre emotions of terror, fear, paranoia, mystery, ancient prophecy, omens and the supernatural(Shodganda, 2014, p. 39). Gothic literature constitutes of horror and romance as a primary theme. The nature of the French Revolution in 1789 encouraged many writers to explore the morbid aspects of Gothic literature. Furthermore, the revolution had a significant impact on Romantic writers because they were concerned with the turbulent effects of the events and its aftermath.
In Gothic Literature, Andrew Smith states, “[t]he word ‘Gothic’ means different things in different contexts,” for literature; however, the gothic is a “cultural reconstruction…of a somewhat fantasized version of the past,” (2). He goes on to suggest that the “Gothic style” came with the development of the “Enlightenment,” and Gothicism is closely related to Romanticism through the emphasis on “the emotions and the imagination,” (2). Jerald Hogle, in the introduction to The Cambridge Companion to Gothic Fiction, ex... ... middle of paper ... ...ne also uses historical events to unveil the truth behind the history, in his short story, “Young Goodman Brown.” Through his allegorical tale of the “journey into the wilderness,” Hawthorne exploits the historical events of the Salem witch trials to subversively expose the folly behind the religious zealousness of the Puritan ideology, in which “Hawthorne located a distinct national subject…the Puritan origins of the American self,” (Savoy 176). Savoy asserts that Hawthorne’s historical “approach” gave way to “symbolism of implication,” where his work is an amalgamation of “history and autobiography” to represent the past’s influence on the future (176). Horace Walpole and Charles Brockden Brown began the gothic traditions, but it is Edgar Allan Poe who mastered it.
Additionally, it is the combination of the old and the new text within a narrative. This may be the reason why Poe’s short story includes alterations and Hawthorne’s novel includes an important note at the center of his novel. Kopley helps by reinforcing this idea: “The Providence Tradition, two symmetrical halves of a literary work, suggesting the Old Testament and the New Testament” (Kopley). Edgar Allen Poe became one of the most influential authors in regards to Gothic Literature. His short stories leave readers with a sense of uneasiness due to his vivid descriptions of horrifying, supernatural, and psychological stories.