Thesis: Genetically Modified Grain has many benefits and problems which have become very controversial. While these problems need to be addressed, the benefits outweigh the drawbacks. GMO grain should be grown and foods containing them should not be required to bare a label.
Genetically improved crops are not a new phenomenon. Plants have been selectively crossbred for centuries to develop heartier and more productive hybrids. Now, Biotechnology offers us the ability to transfer desired traits into plants much faster and more selectively by merely transplanting the desired gene into the grain. Genetically Modified Grain (GMO grain) is now available to the public. It has the potential to revolutionize the agriculture industry by giving us the potential to substantially increase yield, lessen the strain on the environment, improve economics for farmers, and help meet incredible demand for food that will come as the population nearly doubles in forthcoming decades (Knutson, 1999). However, GMO grain also has its drawbacks. It has been extensively tested, but ultimately, the long-term health outcome to humans and animals is unknown. GMO grain is highly technical and expensive to research and develop. There is the possibility that larger companies will form a monopoly. Also, there are many ethical issues to consider including the development of terminator technology-a gene inserted into seeds that causes the next generation of seeds to be sterile.
One example of a genetically modified seed that is commonly used today is Bt Corn. The Bt gene that is used comes from bacteria-Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt.). It has been used in sprays and powder form for years. Recently, this ...
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...pany Letter. May 19, 1999.
Hein, Pam and Weinzierl, Kathy. The Pentograph, "Do American Consumers Accept Genetically Altered Foods?" Sept. 27, 1999.
" 'Terminator' Technology Threatens World Food Security." March 1999. available: Nov. 4, 1999. www.gaiabooks.co.uk/environment/terminatorseed.html
In this essay, the author
Argues that gmo grain has many benefits and problems which have become very controversial. it has the potential to substantially increase yield, lessen the strain on the environment, improve economics for farmers, and meet incredible demand for food.
Explains that bt corn is an example of a genetically modified seed that is commonly used today.
Explains that 4.5 million acres were planted to bt. hybrids in 1997. today, 30 to 40% of corn and 50% of soybeans are gmo crops.
Opines that biotechnology offers farmers the capability to significantly increase yields without sacrificing huge tracts of forests and wetlands to low-yield crops and pasture.
Explains that without pesticides, we could not have met global food demands for the past 50 years. insect-protected corn allows american farmers to increase their yields between 5 and 20%.
Explains the economic advantages of using gmo grain. enhanced seeds carry built-in protection, which minimizes or completely eliminates the cost of fuel and labor.
Explains that a three-year study in north carolina found that, on average, bt. fields used insecticides 0.7 times compared to conventional fields 2.7 times.
Explains the health benefits of genetically enhanced crops, such as fewer bug damage to the ear and lower levels of toxins and allergens.
Explains that there are problems with gmo grain. critics of biotechnology claim that science is not advanced enough to guarantee the safety of the new bioengineered food.
Explains that novartis seed, inc. develops genetics and value-added products and produces and sells corn, soybean, alfalfa, sunflower, sorghum, wheat, sugarbeet, vegetable, and flower seeds.
Explains that biotech ingredients, primarily from corn and soybeans, are used in everything from tortilla chips to soda and baby formula. does this take away the consumers right to choose?
Explains that identity preservation is difficult to establish due to cross-pollination and physical and technical difficulties.
Explains monsanto's terminator technology, which attaches a promoter from an gene called late embryogenesis abundant (lea) to the gene that stops germination and inserts it into the seed.
Explains that 1.4 billion people worldwide depend on keeping their own seeds for next the year's crop. 15-20% of the world’s food is grown by farmers who cannot afford to buy seeds every year.
Argues that farmers who don't purchase monsanto seeds with terminator technology may find their saved seeds sterile. terminator genes may be transferred by pollen, which may cause mutations that could spread to other plants.
Opines that terminator technology is a recipe for exacerbating and greatly increasing the problem of world hunger.
Opines that public funds were used to develop terminator technology that has no agronomic benefit to farmers and no benefits to consumers.
Explains that monsanto says that the terminator's enormous profitability will motivate seed companies to intensify research and the whole world will benefit.
Explains that a study by the wirthlin group found that 1 in 3 americans admitted to knowing little about biotechnology.
Opines that journals want to publish studies because they are interesting, and research authors get around the fact that the studies are misleading with wiggle words like 'this is only a laboratory study'.
Analyzes professor mick crawley's response to the bollworm article: "these little studies are interesting because they show the things that could happen, but they don't resolve the problems."
Opines that some scientists don't accept the general consensus of the safety of gmo grain and are willing to use questionable methods to take their case to the front line.
Explains that the usda, fda, and epa have tested gmo products for at least a decade. novartis' bt corn in particular has been tested by these three government agencies, as well as by thirty scientific communities around the world.
Explains that chemical pesticide opponents have endorsed sprays and powders because they are effective against target insects and harmless to birds, mammals, and beneficial insects.
Opines that activists want to minimize the potential risks associated with the use of pesticides. they are puzzled when the same people oppose a technology that would accomplish this goal.
Explains that the european public is crying out for labeling of any food that contains gmo crops despite the reassurances of their regulatory government agencies.
Explains that there are companies that have responded to this scare and are taking a non-gmo policy. gerber and novartis are owned by the same company.
Explains that gmo grain companies are fighting back by starting a public education and awareness program. novartis believes openness will play an important role in the acceptance of biotechnology.
Explains that novartis has worked with the chicago museum of science and industry to open a 4000 square foot exhibit to educate people on modern food production and how the use of technology improves the quality and quantity of food and fiber.
Explains that novartis is not trying to eliminate all other methods of farming, but rather to gain acceptance of their farming technology.
Concludes that gmo grain offers many benefits and a few drawbacks, but it is important to consider both these aspects carefully.
Cites the american council on science and health's "biotechnology makes rice even more healthful."
Analyzes how gallivan, karen park, hein, pam, and weinzierl, kathy. the pentograph, "do american consumers accept genetically altered foods?" september 27, 1999.
Explains that novartis seed publication's "biotechnology talk points" is available on nov. 4, 1999.
Deal, Walter F., and Stephen L. Baird. “Genetically Modified Foods: A Growing Need.” Technology Teacher 62.7 (2003): 18. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 Nov. 2011.
In this essay, the author
Explains that genetically modified foods can increase pest, herbicide, cold, and drought tolerance. however, there are some concerns regarding gm foods.
Explains that in the united states, gm foods are prevalent, with 89% of soybeans and 61% of corn being transgenic. europe is suspicious and hostile towards crop alterations.
Explains that in the u.s., gm foods have received little public opposition due to the fact that food manufacturers are not required to label their products as containing genetically modified ingredients.
Explains that the european populace has a different response to gm foods. the precautionary principle is based on the idea that even though there is no evidence of negative effects, that does not mean that no risk exists.
Explains that the u.s. has a more "hands off" policy and places more trust and faith in corporations and biotech companies involved in the production of genetically modified foods.
Explains that the conflict between the u.s. and the e.u. has permeated into other regions of the world, specifically developing nations.
Analyzes how the gm food controversy is an example of how two very kindred cultures can be so split over one issue, enough to cause hostility.
Cites haroon ashraf and c. d. viljoen. gm biotechnology: friend and foe?
States falkner, robert, herrick, clare b., and sheldon, ian. the global biotech food fight: why the united states got it so wrong.
...ticle." E-mail to Kate Pielemeier. "Genetically Modified Crops Feed Ongoing Controversy." The Journal of the American Medical Association. v.283 i2 p.188. InfoTrac Web: Health Reference Center-Academic. 12 Jan. 2000.
In this essay, the author
Explains that genetically modified crops are crops whose characteristics have been altered to produce favorable traits, such as prolonged freshness, an attractive appearance, or pesticide resistance.
Argues that the argument between the united states and the european union (eu) has dominated the controversy.
Argues that bio-engineering is a new and efficient way of increasing crop production without increasing costs, time, or labor.
Opines that the eu food safety rule may cost africa $700 million in trade.
Explains charles marwick's "thesis article." e-mail to kate pielemeier. "genetically modified crops feed ongoing controversy."
Explains that foods safe?" fda consumer. v34 i1 p.18. u.s. government printing office.
Argues that the united states is the leading producer, manufacturer, buyer, and seller of genetically modified (gm) foods.
In areas of the world where malnutrition is an enormous problem and countless die every day, genetically modified foods can help. For example white rice has been modified to contain more vitamin A and labeled “golden rice” to save the lives of those who have a vitamin A deficiency. 40% of children under five in developing countries have this deficiency and 12 million of them lose their life every year (Potrykus). It is fair to say people from these developing countries in Southeast Asia will not be protesting GMOs anytime
In this essay, the author
Explains that genetically modified organisms (gmos) are a living thing that has had its genes microscopically modified to pick up traits it would originally lack.
Explains the misconception about gmos and those who oppose them. the seed is spliced with genes from another seed to pick up a beneficial trait.
Explains that gm foods have been extensively studied since the 1970s and were approved by the f.d.a., the american medical association, and the world health organization.
Opines that genetically modified foods can help in areas where malnutrition is an enormous problem and countless die every day.
Opines that genetic modification of foods is a way for tyrant corporations to turn profits off of the average consumer.
Explains that food crops contribute to the pollution caused by human beings. however, by splicing the gene of a barley plant into rice, scientists have successfully made rice emit less greenhouse gas.
Opines that it is fair for people to know what they are eating, but gmo labels are not the same as ingredient lists. many companies are using the term "gmo free" to increase the sale of their product.
Opines that eating completely gmo free would cost $400 more a year per family. there are thousands of better ways for all of this money to be spent in our economy.
Opines that the best way to avoid this issue is to inform the american public of what gmos are and how much time and research has gone into them.
This article was chosen for the positive outlook towards genetic engineering of crops, which help create more crop yields, longer lasting crops and specific variants of a crop resistant to pests and diseases. Though beneficial to the Earth, the lasting complications of ingesting genetically modified foods are a highly contestable topic in America, leading to the holistic and organic food movements.
In this essay, the author
Opines that a large portion of the advertising created for food in america is focused on unhealthy foods and products. if people eat organic foods, they would be healthier, reducing high medical costs and improving the overall well-being of americans.
Explains that pesticides are absorbed by crops and ingested by humans. chensheng lu, emory university's rollins school of public health, studied suburban children exposed to organophosphate pesticidals in food.
Explains that conventional farmers spend less in the overall farming of a crop than organic farmers, increasing their profits.
Explains the benefits of genetically modified foods, but they also have unintended side effects on the local environment.
Explains that children are increasingly drawn towards unhealthy junk food, which unknowingly prepares them for a lifetime of health issues such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Explains fresh from the farm's procurement specialist works with local school districts to bring local, fresh produce to school lunch tables, and supports menu development and marketing and publicity strategy development.
Opines that americans must be educated on the benefits of eating organic foods, using chemicals that will not contaminate other resources, and choosing healthier alternatives.
Explains that the article shows scientific evidence of the availability of pesticides to build in a child's body, which could cause lasting and debilitating damage
Opines that teaching children how to grow sustainable organic crops promotes healthier eating habits and inspires change through a younger generation.
Explains that the article in emory magazine refers to the potential for children's exposure to chemicals sprayed on farm produce, which are often ingested by young children.
Analyzes how simon's article, "why organic food costs more than industrial food", helps explain the price differences between the purchase of organic and non-organic products in america.
Explains that the article deals with the issue of genetically modified organisms, which are foods or plants modified to have certain traits or resistance to various biological pests or natural disasters.
Explains that the article was chosen for the positive outlook towards genetic engineering of crops, which help create more crop yields, longer lasting crops and specific variants of a crop resistant to pests and diseases.
Genetically engineered food is here to stay. Given that reality, the best approach may be to make sure that this amazing technology is used safely and sensibly in the years to come. Like any tool, GM foods can be manipulated by a host of social, economic, and political forces to generate positive or negative results. The question is not whether we should use it, but how we should use it to what responsible purpose.
In this essay, the author
Explains that genetically modified foods are plants and animals that have had their genetic makeup artificially altered by scientists to make them grow faster, taste better, last longer, and provide more nutrients.
Explains that supporters of genetically modified (gm) foods argue that they have many far-reaching benefits. gm seeds provide economic help to farmers through increased crop yields and lower expenditure on pests.
Explains that gm technology could improve the health of hundreds of millions of people around the world. researchers have developed a genetically modified soybean that elevates omega-3 acids in the blood.
Explains that genetically modified foods have become a big presence in u.s. restaurants, super-markets, kitchens and school lunchrooms since the late 1990s but are still viewed with suspicion by many american consumers.
Explains that people who support gm foods dismiss complaints that they might not be safe to eat.
Explains that gm critics worry that transgenic crops could harm wildlife and cause lasting damage to fragile food chains.
Explains that transgenic foods provide economic benefits to farmers and consumers, since gm seeds generate higher crop yields and farmers bring in more money at harvest time. the technology will produce more crops with less pesticide, less fuel, and less fertilizer.
Explains that health concerns about genetically modified food have been with us since the mid-1990s, when gm foods first appeared in america's kitchens and grocery stores.
Explains that supporters of gm foods say that the environment also benefits from transgenic crops. reduced use of farming chemicals also means reduced levels of pesticide residue on nearby plants and trees.
Opines that gm foods can be manipulated by social, economic, and political forces to generate positive or negative results. the question is not whether we should use it, but to what responsible purpose.
How many of you hear the words “genetically modified food” and immediately think “BAD”? How many of you scorn the idea that genetically modified foods are useful? How many of you have been manipulated by the media to think that all biotechnology is evil? Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are organisms that have been genetically spliced to achieve a certain trait. As the demand for a larger food supply is increasing due to population growth, the benefits that GMO foods provide are being hailed as the only solution to the food crisis. However, many people are making inadequately informed decisions, and are pushing them to the back shelf. I will inform you on why genetically modified organisms may be the only way to a stable, safe future for the less fortunate.
In this essay, the author
Opines that genetically modified organisms (gmos) are being hailed as the only solution to the food crisis, but many people are making inadequately informed decisions.
Explains that gmo food can create healthy, nutritious food in greater quantities for the less fortunate.
Explains that genetically modified organisms don't harm humans or animals in any way. the amount of gmo meals eaten by food-producing animals since gm foods were introduced would be trillions.
Explains that gmos help the environment by incorporating biochemical pesticides into the dna of the plant.
Explains that gmo crops have a higher yield and are less likely to require herbicides or pesticide. non-gmo varieties require more applications, which means more fuel for the use of machines and more time.
Explains that gmos are helping reduce world poverty, but anti-gmo organisations are slowing the process. in tanzania, farmers and their families are starving because their main crop, cassava, has been failing because of a new disease called brown streak virus.
Opines that gmo foods are not cancer-causing, they are beneficial, helping with climate change, reducing poverty, and serving the ecosystem. they beg of you to embrace them and help create a better, stable world for generations to come.
Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs). Three words (or letters) that can incite arguments between even the most rational individuals. However this paper is not a discussion on the safety, or lack thereof, of GMOs. Instead, it looks at the costs versus benefits of labeling genetically modified foods. Technically genetically modified (GM) means “any change to the heritable traits of an organism achieved by intentional manipulation” (Premanandh 37). Though when using the designation genetically modified in reference to food, it commonly refers to the transgenic modification of the organism’s genome in a laboratory for the purpose of enhancing desirable traits. These desirable traits can be increased resistance to pesticides and herbicides, improved growth under drought conditions, improved nutritional contents, and pest resistance. The first GMOs were developed for the industrial production of medicinal products in the late 1980s (Premanandh 37). By 1996 the first GMOs were grown for public consumption and today GM corn, cotton, oilseed rape (canola), and soybeans are widely available to consumers in the United States (Federici 519). Widespread use and consumption of GMOs throughout the past decade has caused an increased level of concern over the safety of GMOs. These concerns have led numerous states in the past several years to consider legislation to implement mandatory GMO labeling requirements. I however, do not think there should be mandatory GMO food labeling in the US; there are not enough demonstrable benefits of mandatory labeling to make it an economically viable option.
In this essay, the author
Opines that the paper is not a discussion on the safety, or lack thereof, of gmos; it looks at the costs versus benefits of labeling genetically modified foods.
Argues that the us federal food and drug administration (fda) does not concur with the eu's strict approval process for gmos, citing safety concerns and a right to make informed decisions.
Opines that the fda should not implement mandatory gmo labeling based merely on consumers’ demands. the majority of the american public is not scientifically literate enough to understand the meaning of a sticker that proclaims "this product may contain genetically engineered material."
Opines that mandatory gmo labeling could affect the consumer's wallet, as it requires all products to be labeled, and the food industries must be monitored to ensure compliances are met.
Opines that the fda should step up the regulatory plate so states do not cross the constitutional line.
Genetically modified food has been in debate for several years. The American government supports genetically modified food, while the European government does not. It has become a power struggle over who is right and who is wrong. I personally feel that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are beneficial to the world and support the use of them.
In this essay, the author
Opines that genetically modified organisms (gmos) are beneficial to the world and support their use.
Describes how scientists at cornell university were able to genetically modify the papayas so that they were in essence immune to ring spot.
Opines that a lot of the debate of gmos is driven by fear. tony van der haegen says, "in democracy, you have to take into account fears of people."
Explains that zambia deiced not to accept gmos in 2002 after prominent scientists were asked to make a list of pros and cons. the british medical association (bma) influenced zambia's decision.
Explains that in africa, the debate over gmos is angering a great deal of people. in zambia, there are warehouses full of cornmeal that they can’t eat.
Opines that gmo foods could be a great way for africa to begin their fight against starvation.
Opines that gmos have gone through a great deal of testing to show they are safe.
Explains that africans fear that accepting gmos from the united states could hurt their trade with europe.
Opines that africa could accept gmos from the united states, but only accept the corn in milled form, and sell things other than food to europe.
Argues that the debate has turned into a debate between the european union’s powerful environmental activists and the united states and its influential biotechnology industry.
Opines that gmos should be aloud in africa to help them with their growing problem of starvation.
Cites alvarez, lizette, becker, elizabeth, carrington, damian, and cauvin, henri e.
Describes cauvin, henri e., coghlan, andy, knight, will, and prestowitz, clyde.
Throughout the twentieth century, farmers use techniques to strengthen plants to ensure greater food productivity. One of the early forms of genetically modified foods are hybrid plants. By breeding two of the strongest plants together, scientists are able to obtain a stronger offspring. As science progressed with Watson’s discovery of DNA, biologists were able to identify certain genes that would be desired. Today, foods are genetically modified through experiments with the insertion of genes administered through a needle or breeding. Genetically modified foods should be produced as they allow the fruit or vegetable to withstand certain diseases leading to more production, benefits the consumer due to increased nutritional value, and provide scientists with new mixtures of nutrients to contribute to medicine.
In this essay, the author
Explains that genetically modified foods are produced through experiments with the insertion of genes administered through a needle or breeding.
Explains that genetically modified foods can lead to greater production for consumers and improve the quality of seeds.
Explains that consumers of genetically modified foods may benefit from the increased nutritional value.
Explains that scientists have experimented with plants to administer the medicine needed. instead of grinding and making pills, they have found a way to increase the amount of medicine in plants.
Explains that the fda has proven that genetically modified foods undergo several safety assessments before they are released into the market.
Argues that genetically modified foods should be produced in the united states as they allow for a greater production of crops due to their resistance to disease and decrease in vulnerability to insects.