Feminism in the Middle East is connected to post colonialism. I think the main reason is that both post colonialism and feminism in the Middle East were challenging the existing forms of oppression. However, while talking about women in the Middle East and post colonialism, it is important to mention that women were not just oppressed by colonizers, but also by inner patriarchy. So in terms of Kristen Petersen and Anna Rutherford, women in the Middle East were “double colonized”. As I mentioned above, main discourse towards women in the Middle East is post colonialism and its main concept is symbolizing women as the presenters of the nation.
The review concentration is on the impact of the women’s movement on the national and global platform with the competition playing out for women’s recognition in politics. It also addresses the fight for the women suffragists’ theories through personal, social, and political perspectives, in which, they either stimulated and/or hindered in the charge for the fight. Observation through reading the journals, articles, and books concentrating on a specific topic regarding women’s suffrage and the collection of information formulating a robust collaboration of knowledge on the topic. The accumulative authors analyze the subject of women’s suffrage through philanthropic diverse analogies in a way they perceive the subject matter. After a critical analysis pertaining to the women’s challenges throughout the affairs searching for their political rights, the topic can be divided into different methods women used in the struggle.
It’s important to note that while she was the forerunner for the inclusion of women’s voice in history, she was also a forerunner as a female historian. She paved a trail for future historians in hope that there would be more contributions and revision into the historical research and historiography. If one was to research women in history, Lerner’s writings would be the first encounter only to realize how far the subject has gone. But the reader must also be aware of when these works were written. At the beginning, the height, and the depression of the women’s liberation movement and the past feminism of the 1970’s-1990’s, Lerner was present through the most radical and ultimate demise of second wave feminism; yet, while she was a female historian, she recognized issues second wave feminism created for future research.
Dicker describes the revolutionary movements that brought about the changes in the society in terms of gender equality and women's rights. Although Dicker reveals significant similarities between the types of struggles in the first and second waves of feminism in the United States, ultimately she demonstrates that the differences outweigh the similarities. In the first wave of feminism, Dicker depicts the struggle that the women are going through to attain women’s right to vote and equality. In the nineteenth century, women were prohibited from voting and feminist such as Susan Anthony got in trouble when then went to vote and were faced with charges. As evidenced in the quote from the book, ‘... women deserved to make their voices heard and, in so doing, create laws that would benefit and protect them,’ the right to vote not only women gave them a chance to make socio-political changes in the country that would empower them, but also gender equality (Dicker 54).
In the beginning chapters, Kerber examines women’s engagement in the war effort, explores the emerging idea of female patriotism and states the proper loyalties of married women during the time. Kerber then looks at the consequences of the Revolution in relation to the female concerns of divorce, education and women’s reading. In these chapters, and her concluding chapter, “The Republican Mother,” she evaluates the representation of womanhood in the early republic. According to Kerber, the American Revolution had an enduring and significant change in the role of women in society and created a new political role for women, known as “Republican Motherhood”. Kerber uses research from legal records, diaries, memoirs, and letters to demonstrate how the war affected the lives of women and the new responsibilities that fell to them as a result.
Also, when Stanton began the National Woman's Suffrage Association, it introduced a newspaper called “The Revolution”. This was a militant feminist magazine. “The Revolution” encouraged many women across the country to fight for equal rights, alongside Stanton (“Stanton, Elizabeth Cady”). After her traveling days, Mrs. Cady Stanton began to focus on her writing. Eventually she wrote three volumes of the “History of Women Suffrage”, which was one of her greatest legacies (“Stanton, Elizabeth Cady”).
Linda M. Scott’s chapter from her book ¬Fresh Lipstick: Redressing Fashion and Feminism, Reading the Popular Image as well as Kathryn Kish Sklar’s article Hull House in the 1890’s: A community of Women Reformers cover the main theme of the New Woman as Club Woman and Social Reformer. Found in both articles is the way in which the New Women emerged in society. Scott’s chapter examines how the publicity and social construction of the Gibson Girl played an influential role on the daily lives of the women who viewed her, while Sklar’s article explores how Hull House played as a tool to socially and economically integrate women into society. To begin, Scott’s article Reading the Popular Image argues that there are many ways and factors that can affect the meaning of an image of a New Woman. One argument that Scott presents is the importance of context to fully understand the picture so to not jump to conclusions.
I. INTRODUCTION The role of women in American history has evolved a great deal over the past few centuries. In less than a hundred years, the role of women has moved from housewife to highly paid corporate executive to political leader. As events in history have shaped the present world, one can find hidden in such moments, pivotal points that catapult destiny into an unforeseen direction. This paper will examine one such pivotal moment, fashioned from the fictitious character known as ‘Rosie the Riveter’ who represented the powerful working class women during World War II and how her personification has helped shape the future lives of women.
My main areas of study for this assignment are; the movements of the Women’s Social and Political Union (also know as the suffragette’s) and whether they were the cause of the liberation, attitudes of women throughout history, (I.E. The typical male point of view) and the importance the war effort held as a major cause of Women’s Liberation. This will aid me in answering the aforesaid question. To begin with, I will look at the women’s lives prior to the First World War and how they were and how they were bound to the home. Along with the industrial revolution and the abolition of child labour in 1819, women were increasingly restricted to the home.
Joan Scott, an American historian in gender history and intellectual history, argues that gender is the key category to analyze history, and Joan Piggott and Akiko Yoshie point out the incontrovertible fact that women did rule in ancient Japan. Scott argues that it is crucial to study how culture constructed femininity and masculinity. She applied theory to the study of the relationship of gender roles in different societies, and also linked this history approach to poststructuralism. The examination of the category women must be carefully analyzed in terms of the process of how gender created the difference in male and female identities. Therefore, it is vital to study historical female sovereignty, in order to understand the political significance, in this case, of female emperors in ancient Japan.