The film Gattaca directed by Andrew Niccol is a science fiction that discovers the overall effects of genetic engineering. This is shown through the idea of a imminent society compelled by eugenics, where hypothetical children are conceived within a world of genetic manipulation. By doing this, it ensures that the upcoming generation posses the finest hereditary traits to benefit the future. I think the most important impact Gattaca has made for me is that I was fascinated with the likelihood of genetic enhancement that took place. Nearly all of the characters in this film underwent the process of having their DNA modified to eliminate flaws before birth. As a consequence this was perfecting the offspring of the future so that they could only have the best of best society possible. "They used to say that a child conceived in love has a greater chance of happiness. They don't say that anymore." My initial reaction throughout the film was majorly influenced across cultural circumstances of society’s idea to fill in the gaps of what they comprehend as “flaws”, or common imperfections, ...
When one thinks of a society of genetically advanced individuals at first glance it might seem like an advantage, but upon taking a closer look you can see the flaws in these perfect people. The world of Gattaca is superficial and judgmental; the only way to measure the worth of a person is by the wholesomeness of one's blood. They do not know for sure that someone will die or develop a heart condition all they have to work with is a percentage of the chance of it happening. This brands the world of Gattaca as an unfit and inferior world than our own. When a society discriminates against a group of people they lose valuable and productive members of society. In Gattaca the hardest working, most driven person was someone that they thought should
...he reader, which creates many questions about the particular subject of genetic engineering. It also conveys the authors idea, that we really need to be careful about what we do with this new scientific marvel, effectively to the reader, thus raising the reader's awareness about genetic engineering.
In 1997, Andrew Niccol produced the movie GATTACA. The movie described a world with genetically modified humans, modified at birth to be the perfect child their parents always wanted. In the 1990s, the movie seemed like a science fiction fantasy, but recent advances in biomedical procedure have started to make it a reality. While a future full of genetic engineering may be an intriguing notion, the human genome should be left alone. Humans should not be tampered with.
A few months ago I watched a movie called Gattaca, which dealt with the issue of genetic discrimination in the near future. In the movie, people were separated into two classes, those that were genetically screened and positively altered before birth and the class that was unaltered. The separate classes had stark divisions, from what jobs that you were able to apply for to where you could eat. Security was aimed at keeping unaltered people away from the enhanced people. Knowledge about who and what you are was done by "instant" genetic genotyping that tells anyone everything that they want to know about a person’s genome from a small sample of blood or a hair strand. The hero of the movie "cheats" the system and achieves his dream of space flight with the help of a crippled genetically altered man, using his hair and blood samples.
The children that are genetically modified are called “valids” and the children that are not are called “invalids.” Vincent Freeman was born an invalid and genetic testing noticed that he would most likely have a disorder when he was older, limiting his expected life span to be 30.2 years old. As an invalid, Vincent was restricted to menial jobs while his younger, genetically modified brother was able to work a professional job. Vincent’s wanted to become an astronaut his entire life, but there was no way he would be able to due to the genetic testing that was required upon applying. Unlike all other invalids, Vincent never gave up hope and was able to become an astronaut by tricking the valids into thinking he was Jerome Morrow, a valid who became paralyzed. By altering his height, and using hair, blood, and urine samples from Jerome, Vincent was able to pass the genetic testing stage and prove himself as a top employee of Gattaca. Even while working at Gattaca, Vincent had to be on the top of his game to not let others know his true identity, otherwise he would be relegated back to the world of the invalids.
The use of genetic modification in enhancing human characteristics has brought about negative issues, such as discrimination, ethical issues and corruption. With this in mind, genetic modification has benefitted humans immensely; developing the knowledge of the human mind, preventing hereditary diseases and improving the physical attributes of individuals. Nevertheless, the disadvantages surrounding the enhancement of human characteristics through genetic means outweigh the advantages as portrayed by the film and text, “Gattaca” and “Flowers for Algernon” respectively. In conclusion, the enhancement of human characteristics through genetic means should be strictly advocated against.
The Film, GATTACA portrays a society of those of humans where individuals are the products of genetic engineering and their worth is measured solely by the “quality” of their DNA. Today, the genetic discrimination in many workplaces and the use of genetic screening and vitro fertilization of egg cells is comparable to the society of GATTACA.
Gattaca brought about some interesting points on human evolution and human ingenuity. We live in a world where babies are left to chance and genetic metaling is frowned upon, but in Gattaca that idea is flipped. Society judges those who are left to God as inferior. How can one be judged for the decision of their parents? Science is moving into uncharted territory, where we might be able to create “super humans” as depicted in the movie. Gattaca revealed both the pros and cons of genetic engineering in science.
How technology is portrayed in the movie suggests the society’s attitude toward technology. The two movies were selected to compare the main character’s struggle from different perspectives. The first movie is Gattaca, a 1997 American science fiction film written and directed by Andrew Nicole*. The second movie is A. I. Artificial Intelligence, a 2001 American science fiction drama film directed by Steven Spielberg*.
Genetic Engineering has recently become a contentious topic within medical and social circles. Controversial topics such as Sex Selection and Designer Babies are linked to Genetic engineering. They are destructive in every circumstance. Genetic Engineering is detrimental towards the individual and all posterity.
Genes are, basically, the blueprints of our body which are passed down from generation to generation. Through the exploration of these inherited materials, scientists have ventured into the recent, and rather controversial, field of genetic engineering. It is described as the "artificial modification of the genetic code of a living organism", and involves the "manipulation and alteration of inborn characteristics" by humans (Lanza). Like many other issues, genetic engineering has sparked a heated debate. Some people believe that it has the potential to become the new "miracle tool" of medicine. To others, this new technology borders on the realm of immorality, and is an omen of the danger to come, and are firmly convinced that this human intervention into nature is unethical, and will bring about the destruction of mankind (Lanza).
Genetic engineering is the “science of altering and cloning genes” to treat diseases but it can also branch out to the creation of designer babies or human modification according to Dictionary.com. DNA faulty is said to be the “major causes of death and disability, including cancer, heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease and diabetes” (Merz). People deem the practice of genetic engineering as a breakthrough for humans because of the possibility of humans cure of cancer or diseases. This is an accomplishment because of its purpose of saving lives but some argue what consequences it will bring. One of them being experimentation and the amount of time it will take scientists to produce their desire result. From the article “Designer People,” the author
Genetic engineering often has a negative meaning associated with it, such as science fiction and post-apocalyptic scenarios. For some, the thought brings forth the images of gruesome and unrealistic mutations. Genetic engineering is often linked with poisoning food with dangerous chemicals, in result, causing a natural dislike for what they think are contaminated and fake foods.
Imagine a nearly perfect world low crime, low pollution, little or no diseases and a balanced economy between the rich and poor. Genetic engineering as demonstrated in the film Gattaca shows us a socialistic society. Which is similar to what Socialism was as defined by Karl Marx’s socialist slogan “from each according to his labor, to each according to his needs” (Pevzner, I. a. ,1994). Could scientifically engineered socialistic society last with without a revolution to the system which controls it? The author and director of the film Gattaca Andrew Niccol takes the audience through a tour of the main characters lives, in this tour we find the actions of each character has an impact on another.
Biology is the science of life. Technology uses science to solve problems. Our society has progressed in its understanding of life to the point that we are able to manipulate it on a fundamental level through technology. This has led to profound ethical dilemmas. The movie Gattaca explores some important bioethical issues that are currently the focus of much dispute. The underlying thematic issue presented is the question of the extent to which biologically inherent human potential determines the true potential of a person. Perhaps the most controversial issue in Gattaca is the use of genetic engineering technology in humans to create a more perfect society; this is, essentially, a new method of Eugenics. Another related issue seen in the movie is that of pre-natal selection. Through the use of the same or similar technologies, parents are able to choose the characteristics with which their children will be born.