His contributions ranged from the science of motion, astronomy, strength of materials, and of course the scientific method. His creation of inertia and the law of the falling bodies started the changes to the study of motion. The telescope opened up so many doors for Galileo and with that piece of equipment his discoveries were limitless. In 1609 his astronomical discoveries and observations started. Galileo is most known for his discoveries that he turned into a book, The Starry Messenger.
Since then the Hubble has shown scientists many new discoveries about space that they would have never been able to figure out without the Hubble’s help. Since April 1990 the Hubble telescope has been greatly appreciated by the scientific community because of everything it has done. However, the Hubble has faced many problems along its way as well. In 1608 Hans Lippershey looked at Jupiter through a thin tube shaped object similar to a telescope. Galileo improved the telescope made by Hans in 1609 by adding a convex lens in the front.
Galilei had many contributions to science as well. He observed discovered sunspots but later was blinded by looking at the sun too much. Galileo's top accomplishment which every one knows him by is his discoveries of the telescope; Earth revolution around the sun, Sunspots, and Venus phases. He was an amazing mathematician, astounding physicist, but he is most known for proving that the sun does not revolve around the Earth, and it is the other way around. He is most famous for the discovery of the heliocentric orbit of Earth.
There he became interested in the workings of science and concluded that the period (the time in which a pendulum swings back and forth) does not depend on the arc of the swing (the isochronisms). In 1609 Galileo learned of the invention of the telescope in Holland. From the barest description he constructed a vastly superior model. Galileo made a series of profound discoveries using his new telescope, including that the moon has craters, valleys, and mountains much like the Earth’s terrain. He also was able to see four small lights orbiting around the planet Jupiter.
The next great astronomer to follow him was Isaac Newton. Newton had made a great amount of contributions to astronomy during his life. He further proved that the Earth was not the center of the universe and he also invented the Newtonian reflector telescope which is still used today in observatories. Also, he discovered that light could be split into a visible spectrum of colors. Spectral colors from stars would later be used to determine their size, temperature, chemical composition, and even the direction the star is moving.
Galileo once said, “The universe cannot be read until we have learnt... ... middle of paper ... ...owledge consisted in observations and experiments. It was Galileo’s work and ideas that paved way for the rise of other great scientists such as Newton, who were able to build onto his theories and progress science to become the science that we know today. Galileo’s work with the telescope, showed the vast possibilities that were able to be explored. In the present day, not only do we have more powerful telescopes, but also the ability to directly explore space (Carhart, 1881).Galileo fought for the acceptance of the heliocentric model of the universe, and even though he didn’t live to see it prosper, thanks to him it is the heliocentric model that is active to this day. It is the basis for the study of astronomy and it is taught in schools.
In conclusion, Kepler played a huge role in the Scientific Revolution with his many genius discoveries and major accomplishments due to his early developed love for science. His contributions to science and mathematics played a big role in the development of science. Without his genius it could have taken years longer to discover some of the things he did. Therefore, Johannes Kepler is one of the most important astronomers of the Scientific Revolution. Works Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Kepler http://kepler.nasa.gov/Mission/JohannesKepler/ http://www.sciencelives.com/kepler.html http://www.space.com/15787-johannes-kepler.html http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/circles/Lesson-4/Kepler-s-Three-Laws
As indicated by his various inventions, he was also interested in applying his knowledge to practical problems. Galileo helped established the modern scientific method through his use of observation and experimentation. His work in mathematics, physics, and astronomy made him a leading figure of the early scientific revolution. Galileo Galilei Bibliography: Bibliography http://www.treasure-troves.com/physics/bio/gal Parker, Steve (1992), Galileo and the Universe, Belintha Press Limited © 1992, London The Great Scientists, (1992) No. 5, pg.
He applied these values in his career as a mathematician and a teacher of physics, in his passion of astronomy and philosophy, in his loyalty to his church and country, and most of all to his daughter, whom he conversed with in the many letters of Galileo's Daughter. Unlike most of the history that is read in books, Galileo's story is of a real man with real values and faced with very controversial decisions. Some of these controversies involve the clash of his passion of philosophy with that of the most widely accepted Aristotelian teachings. An example of this is when Galileo looked into his telescope and saw the moon, with its large mountains and deep valleys (31). This discovery proves contrary to what was taught by Aristotle, that the moon was shaped as a perfect sphere.
He was also the first to explain how a telescope works, and the principles of thinking. Johannes Kepler contributed to the Scientific Revolution so we can say he made history. His discoveries may have changed how we learn science. Kepler's had a role in the historical improvement of astronomy and natural philosophy. He well-defined the planetary motion using three laws he created.