The proscriptions of Sulla, which preceded the reactionary political legislation enacted during his dictatorship left a particularly bitter memory that long survived. Caesar left Rome for the province of Asia on the condition that he divorce his wife because Sulla would only allow him to leave on that condition. When he heard the news that Sulla had been killed he returned to Rome. He studied rhetoric under the distinguished teacher Molon. In the winter of 75-74 BC Caesar was captured by pirated and, while in their custody awaiting the arrival of the ransom money which they demanded, threatened them with crucifixion , a threat which he fulfilled immediately after his release.
The triumvirate officially ended when Crassus was killed in war. It was after this Caesar started to really establish his control for ultimate power. During this time Caesar was charged with treason and ordered to return to the capital to face his accusers. However Caesar had other plans, he decided to come back but with an army with him. With his army, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River where he fought Pompey.
After Caesar named Augustus his heir to the throne, he was denied everything except Caesars name. However, Augustus accepts Caesars name and then sets out to destroy all those who were enemies to his adopted farther. Augustus took out huge loans from the bank, giving the money to the citizens of Rome, making them favour him. He then turned his attention to his fathers enemies. Did this by skilfully attacking the senate for killing Caesar, and blaming Antony for not doing enough.
3 men form the first triumvirate, Julius Caesar, Pompeii, and Crassus. Julius Caesar became the victor. He was then rewarded dictator for life. On the date September 23, 63 BC a boy was born. He was originally Caesar's grand-nephew.
Under his own initiative and expense... ... middle of paper ... ...nd, in a historic act of rebellion, crossed the Rubicon river into Rome, officially waging war against the City’s leaders. Caesar successfully defeated Pompey’s rule and, after spending a few years in Egypt and Asia, assumed the role of dictator of Rome. During his reign, Caesar enacted many new statutes, most notably citizenship reform, governmental expansion, and reorganization of the calendar. As Caesar appointed to himself even more dictatorial powers, both his enemies and allies became increasingly disenchanted. A conspiracy formed composed of Senators who planned Caesar’s assassination on the Ides of March 44 BC.
He was profoundly influenced by his brother’s assassination but more importantly his brother’s attempt for social reform. Gracchus had both personal motives and political motives during his time as tribune. His main motive was personal; “his brother’s death made him bolder in speaking”, as he used his brother’s death to remind the people of how unjust the senate can be (Plutarch). He repeatedly reminded them of how they stood by and watched as Tiberius was savagely beat to death with a wooden stool and then without repentance was thrown insolently into the Tiber river. He also reminded the people that their voices were not being heard.
Once he had decimated the brothers, Caesar returned to Rome. There, on the Ides of March, Caesar was assassinated in a senate meeting. Caesar left a large legacy, manly in the form of his great-nephew Octavian, better known as Augustus, the first emperor of
He did this by bringing Rome in to the age of Pax Romana, rebuilding it into an empire of marble and reforming the Roman government. Known as the first Emperor of Rome, Augustus reformed the government to have a one all-powerful ruler in order to bring stability back to the Empire. Augustus’s real name was Octavius or Octavian Caesar, but changed it to Augustus when he became principate. He came into a role of power because his great-uncle, Julius Caesar, made Augustus his adopted son (12). When Julius was stabbed to death in 44 BC, 19-year-old Augustus (vroma), went to Rome to collect his inheritance as the direct heir of Julius (Divine).
Caesar decided to elect his friends of Gaul and Hispania to the new vacant positions instead of having more of his local enemies. Any restrictions Caesar still had were now eliminated. Caesar controlled all of Rome. Upon his assassination the common people of Rome would result to violence and burn the Senate chamber where he had been murdered. They would search for the murderers to no avail, but gave Caesar a funeral