In Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa's sudden transformation into a cockroach is appalling to all that encounter him, but none attempt to cure him of his affliction. The acceptance of his condition by Gregor and those around him highlights the underlying existentialist and absurdist perspective within the characters' attempt to come to terms with this circumstance. In the face of this dramatically absurd metamorphosis, Gregor does not blame a higher power, nor himself. As time wears on, he not only refrains from questioning his transformation but, at times lavishes in it and embraces it. His adjustment, and the adjustment of his family members, is not one of questioning his new life, but rather attempting to accept it for exactly what it is. In this way, Gregor and his family, particularly his father and sister, epitomize rationalization and freedom of choice in the face of absurdity.
Franz Kafka’s stories and novels contain such disturbing situations that the word Kafkaesque has been created to define the most unpleasant and bizarre aspects of everyday modern life. A master of dark humor and an artist of unique vision, Kafka captures perfectly the anxiety and absurdity of contemporary urban society (Norton Anthology 1866). In 1912, Kafka produced his longest, as well as his most famous novella written, The Metamorphosis. Metamorphosis means change, which is something readers see a lot of in this novella. It is about a young man, Gregor Samsa, who wakes up and sees that is has been transformed into a bug. He, as well as his families, lives are completely turned upside down. They had all depended so heavily on Gregor, and
In Franz Kafka’s The Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa is portrayed as a regular person. Someone who hates their job but recognizes that his work is necessary because it supports his family. Before Gregor transformed to a dung beetle it seemed that his family cared of him. Due to the main characters transforming to a bug everyone in his family start to dislike him. The Metamorphosis focuses on change, how the change of a character along the story affects the main character Gregor Samsa.
The story The Metamorphosis revolves around Gregor Samsa, a devoted son and brother who works tirelessly to provide for his family, waking up finding out that he has been transformed into a larger than life insect. Franz Kafka enlightens the readers to how being dependent on one person can lead a family to being weak when that support system is ripped away from them. The situations that Gregor is put into knocks him down from the head of the family into nothingness while at the same time boosts his family from that nothingness into being a strong support system for each other. Gregor 's transformation, his dependency on his sister for food, his injury, the family choosing strangers over him, and ultimately his death are all things that lead to this downfall, or metamorphosis.
In Kafka's Metamorphosis, Gregor Samsa, whose life is controlled by his work and family, wakes up a giant insect. Prior to this metamorphosis, Gregor obsequiously goes about his life of routine, despite his hatred for his works and a complete emotional disconnect between Gregor and the family which he works so hard to support. Gregor's metamorphosis marks an important transition in Gregor's life as well as an escape from the monotony of his previous life. Sokel theorizes that Gregor's metamorphosis allows Gregor to express previously repressed feelings of rebellion while not being held accountable for his these tendencies stating "The metamorphosis enables Gregor to become free and stay "innocent", a mere victim of uncontrollable calamity."(206). While his metamorphosis does allow him to free himself from some of the suffering, it traps him in a new cycle, trapped by his families obligation to help him. Throughout his life, Gregor is plagued by a cycle of suffering caused by his families dependence on him which leads to further alienation leading to a dependence on his family's dependence. Though Gregor is broken out of this cycle in his metamorphosis he does not find true freedom until his death.
In the novel, The Metamorphosis, the author, Franz Kafka, reflects the opinions and experiences of his life into the story by using Gregor Samsa, a traveling businessman, and other characters like Samsa’s father and mother to show the struggles he had throughout his existence. Kafka shows his beliefs about work and jobs in society by making Gregor share his thoughts on this topic. Another aspect of Gregor’s life that is similar to Kafka’s is their relationships with their families, and especially their fathers. The two character’s strangeness and their health are also two other issues that affect both of their lives.
Analysis of the story “The Metamorphosis”, by Franz Kafka was written back in the early 1900’s, but reflected a more modern way of thinking and lifestyle of today. Gregor felt that he was a slave to his job, isolated from his co-workers, and misunderstood by his family. Although that is the norm in today’s society, it was not the norm back then. In the story Gregor finds himself transformed into a cockroach and his internal struggles become a permanent reality. Kafka’s choice of the family member to play the role of the cockroach was necessary in portraying the curse of the working man only living each day in hurried lifestyle with no freedom.
Metamorphosis is about a story of Gregor Samsa. Samsa is a commercial traveler and the primary breadwinner of the house as he is the main source of income for his entire family, consisting of his parents and his sister. Samsa is also a hard working man, never missing work for the past five years and always showing up on time. One night, his life completely turns upside down when he wakes up one morning to discover that he had transformed into a cockroach. When he first woke up, his thought was “I’d better get up since my train goes at five” (Kafka, 90). Once he got up, Samsa was in complete shock since the clock showed “half past six o-clock” and wondered if the alarm clock did not go off. Samsa was worried that if he did not show up to work, his boss would question his absence since Gregor did not took absence once during his five years of work. During his life as a human, Gregor’s life was basically going to work at the office, traveling, “worrying about train connections”, and saving money to pay back his parents debt which, according to Samsa, would “take another five to six years” (p.90). This implies that throughout his life, it only consisted of work and providing money for his family without having a social life of his own. Once he turned int...
The Metamorphosis is a novel written by Kafka Franz and published in 1915. The story is about a travelling sales man by the name Samsa Gregor who wakes up to find himself transformed into an insect. The main characters include Gregor Samsa, Grete Samsa, Mr. Samsa, Mrs. Samsa and Samsa. The theme of change is conspicuous on the novel when Gregor Samsa wakes up to find himself transformed into an insect. The theme of economic effects on human relationships is also evident when we find that Gregor Samsa is a slave to his family because he is the breadwinner. Gregor also characterizes the theme of alienation when he is alienated from his family, body, humanity, and job. The themes of personal identity, family duty, and freedom are also evident. In his novel, Kafika has used different writing styles, which include irony, symbolism, and suspense. Kafka wrote the novel in French language, it was translated into English.
In The Metamorphosis Franz Kafka incorporates Gregor to symbolize the influences in his own life. Gregor in the story is a lonely and depressed character, who turns into a roach and sees himself as grotesque both, physically and mentally. “As Gregor Samsa awoke from unsettling dreams one morning, he found himself transformed in his bed into a monstrous vermin” (Kafka 7). Gregor acts like a vermin in the story who loses his job, is rejecting by his family, and eventually dies as a giant insect by wounds inflicted by his father. The impact of feeling insecure as a vermin and self-isolation of Gregor connects to Kafka, who was forced to do an office job that he did not enjoy, and suffered from clinical depression and social anxiety throughout