Kafka uses such an imaginative way for us to feel empathy towards Gregor, who would have thought you could feel empathy towards a cockroach? But you do, from the moment you start the story until the end you empathize with this bug. From the very opening of The Metamorphosis, Gregor is portrayed as a pathetic main character. He works so hard for his family, paying for everything in a job that he hates and receives absolutely nothing in return, not even a thank you. He always puts everyone before himself, and wants the best for his family and wants their love and encouragement.
Metamorphosis of the Family in Kafka's Metamorphosis In Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis, the nature of Gregor Samsa's reality changes insignificantly in spite of his drastic physical changes. Gregor's life before the metamorphosis was limited to working and caring for his family. As a traveling salesman, Gregor worked long, hard hours that left little time to experience "life." He reflects on his life acknowledging the "plague of traveling: the anxieties of changing trains, the irregular, inferior meals, the ever changing faces, never to be seen again, people with whom one has no chance to be friendly" (Kafka 13). Gregor, working to pay off his family's debt, has resigned himself to a life full of work.
‘If only I didn’t have to follow such an exhausting profession! On the road, day in, day out. The work is so much more strenuous than it would be in the head office,’ ‘There’s the additional ordeal of travelling worries about train connections, the irregular, bad meals, new people all the time, no continuity, no affection,’ (88). Gregor’s profession contains bad travel, unhealthy meals, and the lack of the connection between people. Gregor dislikes his job very much, but he sees it as his only option, as a way to provide for his family.
He transforms into an insect which are usually known to be walked all over and mistreated. They are at the bottom of the food chain and no one tends to care about them; this depicts Gregor’s life perfectly. Gregor’s role in the family is being the provider; he works everyday to pay off his parents’ debt. “Well, there's still hope; once I've saved enough money to pay back my parents' debts to him” (Kafkas 5) He is mistreated at home by his family members even though he is the only one supporting the family. At work he is always pushed to work more, he works long hours and barely has and free time.
The effect of financial pressure on Gregor’s social life took place before the metamorphosis, because Gregor has devoted all his effort and time into his job to serve the family’s needs, in the meantime he ignored his social life, which lead to an extreme sense of alienation. From a personal interpretation, Kafka tries to present Gregor as a frustrated building block of the bureaucratic system, which leads to the belief that Kafka was criticizing bureaucracy and prove that it is alienating on a much larger scale than one person; rather it could alienate an entire society or even a nation. After the metamorphosis, Gregor becomes useless to the family, he is alienated in his room where he could not be seen by anyone, and the only person who was able to go in and out of his room was his sister Grete, where she used to go in to bring food and clean the room. The family realized that their work horse does not exist anymore, so they all begin working, and therefore their interactions with each other decre... ... middle of paper ... ... “We can thank God for that!” (Kafka, 530). Without doubts, before the metamorphosis, Gregor was alienated from many aspects of his life, including his own body; that’s why his transformation was almost no surprise to him.
Gregor led a dismal life, proven when his family has no difficulties excluding him when he is transformed into an insect. Proven when his employer gave him not a chance after missing a single day of work. His change was draining and his absence was a
This shows that Mr. Samsa treats Gregor brutally, and rather than understanding him, he intends on pushing Gregor to the limit. Also, he resembles an ill-tempered human as numerous things bother him. Similarly, within Kafka’s life he underwent abuse and regularly got yelled at as a young boy and viewed as a sinking ship (Stephens). In addition, his father set certain expectations for Kafka which he desired him to fulfill. Gregor represents the only source of income in the family.
Gregor providing for his family gave him control over family issues or them, thus making his family to not function. However, immediately with Gregor transformation into a bug led to his dysfunctional behavior. Gregor woke up and noticed that he was a bug. Instead of Gregor freaking out about his current state, he worried about how he would go to work. Gregor tried many ways to get off his bed but... ... middle of paper ... ... note: Mr. Samsa to his board of management, Mrs. Samsa to her employer and Grete to the head of her firm, to go on a vacation (Kafka 459).
People want their family to love and support them during times of need, but if they are unable to develop this bond with their family members, they tend to feel alone and depressed. In the novel The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, Kafka describes the theme of alienation and its negative effect on people and their relationships with the people around them. This theme can be shown through Gregor Samsa, the main character in The Metamorphosis. After Gregor’s metamorphosis, or transformation, he is turned from a human being into a giant bug which makes him more and more distant from the people in his life. The alienation that Gregor experiences results in his eventual downfall, which could and would happen to anyone else who becomes estranged from the people around them.
“He felt very proud that he had been able to provide such a life in so nice an apartment for his parents and his sister. But what now if all the peace, the comfort, the contentment were to come to a horrible end? “( Kafka, 23). Gregor contemplates life as it was before his transformation when he was the responsible one in his family. Now that he has turned into a bug he feels as if his family does not want to deal with him because of his current condition.