Trigger’s bachelor’s degree in Anthropology was obtained in 1959 at the University of Toronto, and his doctorate was obtained at Yale in 1964 (Fagan 1). His dissertation as a student of Yale was an expedition to Nubia to study the different factors that influenced the changes of Nubian settlements (Fagan 1). His first post-college publication, History and Settlement in Lower Nubia, was first seen in 1965, and was based on his thesis (Fagan 1). He moved back to Canada after obtaining his degree, this time settling in Quebec, where he would write publications that would greatly impact the anthropological field (Yellowhorn 1). Trigger’s expedition in Nubia was a tremendous beginning to his career, starting his exploring in the lands that originally inspired him to follow his anthropological career path.
After they moved to London, Canada, David Suzuki’s family worked in a business owned by his father’s brothers, “Suzuki Brothers Construction Company”. In 1958, David Suzuki earned a bachelor’s degree in biology from a university located in U.S. After earning a Ph.D. in zoology, at the University of Chicago, he went to the University of British Columbia. While he was studying, he was fighting for the rights of the black Americans, and many people said that, at that time, David Suzuki and Martin Luther King had similar ideologies. After he graduated, he became an Assistant Professor in Genetics at the University of Alberta. In 1969, David Suzuki won a Steacie Memorial Fellowship for the best young Canadian scientist, and also he became a professor at the University of British Columbia until his retirement in 2001, when he became a Professor Emeritus, and he still holds this title.
The first project Barbeau researched was the native peoples of eastern Canada. Throughout time, this research expanded and included all of the native peoples of Canada. In 1910 he won a Rhodes scholarship and Oxford University awarded him the B.Sc degree and diploma in anthropology for his thesis ‘The totemic Systems of the North Western tribes of North American’. When he returned to Canada he was chosen as an anthropologist to the National Museum of Canada then The Museum Branch of the Geological Survey of Canada in 1911 where he continued to work until his retirement in 1949. Furthermore, in 1911 he began recording on Edison wax cylinders on a Huron Indian reserve near Quebec.
After Char-les had graduated from Cambridge he was taken aboard the English survey ship HMS Beagle, largely on Henslow’s recommendation, as an unpaid naturalist on a scientific expedition around the world. Now Charles Darwin was around the age twenty-two while he was on the HMS Beagle. Darwin’s job as a naturalist aboard the Beagle gave him the opportu-nity to observe the various geological formations found on different continents and islands along the way, as well as a huge variety of fossils and organisms. In his geo-logical observations he was amazed mostly with the effect that natural forces had on shaping the earth’s surface. During this time, most geologists stuck to the so-called catastrophes theory that the earth had experienced a succession of creations of animal and plant life, and that each creation had been destroyed by a sudden catastrophe, such as an upheaval of the earth’s surface.
Beginning with historical particularism, it is the first American-born school of anthropology, founded by the “father of American Anthropology” Franz Boas. It was also born out of rejecting the previous social ideas of scientific racism as well as parallel evolution. Boas was originally trained in the physical sciences and shifted toward anthropology when he began to study Inuit migration patterns (McGee & Warms 2012: 112). He became an advocate of fieldwork, encouraging his students to collect detailed, in-depth studies of the culture being studied. Boas trained a number of great anthropologists that drew inspiration from him, one that included Alfred Kroeber.
On 1893, he graduated with Mathematics and Physical Science degree. Later, he continued research on the same college receiving the B.Sc. Also received the Exhibition Science Scholarship in 1851 and was prized with the B.A. research Degree in Trinity College which is quite fascinating for his young age. Moved to Canada for a vacant spot in the Macdonald chair.
He is best known for his work on kinship and social structure, which inspired the writings and ideas of Karl Marx and, through Marx, Frederick Engels (Stern 1946). Morgan’s first major work was League of the Ho-de-no-sau-nee, or Iroquois written in 1851. Many people consider it the “first scientific study of an American Indian tribe” (Meggers 1946). Morgan had studied the Iroquois culture with the help of Ely Parker. In fact, Morgan dedicated the book to Parker stating the book is “…the fruit of [their] joint researches” (1851).
Dalton was a self-taught experimenter. He used the laboratory to initially study meteorology, which is the study of the atmosphere. By one of his closest peers, John Daniell, Dalton was called the “Father of Meteorology” this is because he had a large influence over meteorology. While he was a teacher at his Quaker school Dalton learned a lot about meteorology mainly through two of his fellow acquaintances, Elihu Robison and John Gough [“John Dalton.” Encyclopedia]. They influenced him to pursue his studies in meteorology.
Marked by the influence of Rudolf Virchow, who led the founding of the Berliner Gesellshaft für Anthropologie, Ethnologie und Urgeschichte (Berlin Society of Anthropology, Ethnology and Prehistory), his academic formation gave Boas a strong liberal tradition and an attitude towards race, which rejected the theories that recognized the existence of racial hierarchies based on cultural differences (Stocking, 1974). In 1883, as part of his training at the University of Heidelberg, Boas set out on his first expedition with the two gains of mapping the Canadian Arctic coastline and indulging his new interest in culture, which as a result of the journey, became interest in finding what determines human behaviour. "A year of life spent as an Eskimo among Eskimos", Boas (1938, p. 202) said, "had a profound influence upon the development of my views, […] because it led me away from my former interests and towards the desire to understand what determines the behaviour of human beings." His study of indigenous people, of their appearance, their language and traditions, allowed him to overcome the concept... ... middle of paper ... ...type: the photograph of Franz Boas. Visual Communication, 12 (1): 123-142.
(Benoît 1959a) During his stay in Europe, Marius also attended classes at the Sorbonne’s École des Hautes Études and at the École d’anthropologie in Paris. In June 1910, he received a Bachelor of Science degree, from Oxford, for his thesis on The Totemic System of the Northwestern Indian Tribes of North America. Back in Canada, he took the position of Assistant Ethnologist for Edward Sapir at the Anthropological division of the Geological Survey of Canada at the Victoria Memorial Museum in Ottawa (one of the ancestors of today’s – since 1986 – Canadian Museum of Civilization). Then Marius began his life long career of collecting ethnographic and folkloric data on the cultures of aboriginal North-Americans and French creoles of Canada… Theoretical Bases « Pour Barbeau, les manifestations du folklore sont un peu comme des petits fruits sauvages. Le folkloriste est un cueilleur.