Firstly, the European could not colonize Africa easily, due to Africa’s giant land mass and the diseases that spread throughout the land. But then, came the Steam train, Maxim guns and new cures for diseases that paved the way for the Europeans to control Africa. Since one of the reasons Europeans wanted to colonize Africa was that they wanted to ‘civilize’ the people, the leader of Germany, Otto Von Bismarck, decide that they have a conference to split the land and not fight each other. Soon, in 1914, nearly all African countries were colonized by Europeans except for Ethiopia and Liberia. Different countries had different styles of colonization.
Over the last 50 years, the world has struggled to maintain an economic balance and stability, while flourishing countries try to maintain a steady income to support its people and relations with other countries. Therefore, when a country like Africa fails to maintain a stable government and economy, super powers such as America decide to intervene with its relations. Africa has great potential to become another pillar of the world’s economic structure with its mass amounts of uncultivated land. Unfortunately, corruption and irresponsible governments hinder that progress. Foreign aid, while helpful, should be limited to a yearly amount because it allows the government to brush of responsibility and gives room for corruption; it creates a media bias, and doesn’t solve the foundational issues.
During Imperialistic times South Africa was a region of great resources that was greatly disputed over (Ellis). Europe’s main goal during these times was to compete against each other and played a “game” of which country can imperialize more African countries than the other. Imperialism was a curse to South Africa, because many wars, laws, and deaths were not necessary and would not have happened if South Africa were not imperialized. Imperialism is the domination by one country of political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region and occurred during the 1800’s in Africa. Imperialism in Africa was caused by four factors in Europe: economy, politics/military, humanitarian/religion, and Social Darwinism (Ellis).
Western European powers began to split up the land and resources in Africa among themselves. This period of history became known as the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble for Africa occurred because as the slave trade ended, capitalists saw Africa as a continent that they could now exploit through legitimate trade. European capitalists found new ways to make money off of the continent. With greater exploration of the continent even more valuable resources were found.
Africa has long been thought of as a place where trade could not happen, especially on an international level. In recent times however, there has been a push to create more integration among African nations. These nations have realized the benefits which occur when firms are freely able to engage in investment from country to country moving away from the old protectionist policies of earlier years. As the textbook Global Business explains, these policies have, on numerous occasions before, triggered “retaliation that further restricted trade” (Peng, 2009). Governments there have also tried their hardest to change the image in the media of the continent and send signals to the public saying that they are indeed open to trade.
Sahara Press Agency February 28, 2014. African leaders pledge from Abuja to strengthen democracy and security in Africa. [Accessed 3 April 2014]. The Encyclopedia Britannica, Fifteenth Edition. 1996 ISBN 0-85229-633-0.
Imperialism is a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force. Imperialism occurs when a strong nation takes over a weaker nation or region and dominates its economic, political, and cultural life. During the Industrial Revolution, world powers that were mainly in Europe dominated many countries, including the Scramble for Africa. The Scramble of Africa was during the 1800s when European nations created colonial boundaries in Africa. The Scramble of Africa situation caused many problems because tribes of grouping tribes under one leader, the "white man's burden", and dependent economies.
1 May 2014. . "Islam in Africa." Exploring Africa, n.d. Web. 1 May 2014. .
Their interests are better served by the incessant wars and conflicts than the peaceful conditions. When the African Governments tries to borrow loans and financial aids from the Financial Organisations such as World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) they are forced to open up their economies, devalue their currencies, remove subsidies and liberalise their trade policies, all these steps are generally aimed at favouring these Western MNCs. These measures of Liberalisation have resulted into destruction of the Domestic Industries and large scale Unemployment in the African Society. To fulfil their economic greed MNCs have used exploitative Measures which resulted into the destruction of Tribal areas, pollution of water sources such as rivers, large scale deforestation and destruction of the ecosystem. Globalisation has made the economic