The purpose of this study was to examine if there was any connection between family income and school attendance and achievement in the early years of education, specifically in kindergarten through fourth grade. Prior studies have been conducted that showed there is an impact of income and academic achievement but no studies have been conducted concerning attendance and achievement and how income can affect them.
This study strived to address five questions: 1) Does family income have an effect on the number of days children are tardy or absent from school? The studies administrators hypothesized that children receiving free or reduced lunch will be absent significantly more that of their counterparts who pay full price. 2) Is family income associated with academic achievement? The hypothesis is the children obtaining free or reduced-price lunch would have lower academic success than the students paying full price and also that receiving free lunch would be connected to inferior achievement compared to reduced price lunch. 3) Do school absences and tardies have an effect on children’s academic achievement? The hypothesis is that absences and tardies would be related to deprived accomplishment and absences would have a more negative affect on achievement than tardiness. 4) Assuming the expected associations between family income, attendance, and achievement are found, do the number of days absent or times tardy reduce interactions between family income and academic achievement? It is anticipated that the difference in scholarly accomplishment between low and higher income children can be explained to a certain extent by attendance patterns. 5) Does the age of the child moderate associations between family income an...
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...or reduced-priced lunch missed more days then students paying full price. There is link between educational success and income which showed that students receiving free or reduce-priced lunch preformed poorer than their classmates who paid full price. A connection exists between school attendance and achievement because if students are not in the classroom, they are missing instructional time that cannot be made up. Associations between the age of the student and success when it comes to absences are present. This could be because as the student gets older, they are learning more complex material and it can be more difficult to understand without teacher led instruction.
Morrissey, T. W., Hutchison, L., & Winsler, A. (2013). Family Income, School Attendance, and Academic Achievement in Elementary School. Developmental Psychology, doi:10.1037/a0033848