The economic differences that existed between the more rural West and commercial East further distanced the two empires from the others affairs. This separation continued beyond the Battle of Adrianople and the empire found itself in a spiraling state of turmoil. The Battle of Adrianople served as the vehicle by whi... ... middle of paper ... ...cline as the East began to flourish. The once great Western Roman Empire, known for its imperialistic authority, political efficiency, and economic sustainability, slowly deteriorated. The Empire began its collapse and the pillars that once supported the great domain cracked and began to crumble.
It first appeared in the south of Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, and later on in the Persian Empire, and Rome before arriving in Athens . The disease attacked the population of Piraeus and then travelled to Athens where the death tolls were greater. The plague came back in 429 were it claimed the most lives, and later on in the winter of 427/426 B.C were it claimed more lives. From man to woman, the rich and the poor, and the elderly and the young, everyone in the Athenian population was affected by the disease. As it will become evident, the Plague of Athens devastated Athens and which made it harder to recover from , as it resulted in the failure of its social order, weakened the Athenian government, and the Athenian military.
Heather’s main theory as to why the Western Roman Empire fell is that it was facing several outside threats and the empire could not successfully contain all of the threats. While Heather mentions several different barbarian groups in his reasoning, such as the Visigoths and the Goths, one group that he focuses on more than the others is the Huns. The Huns were one of Western Rome’s worst enemies and they did not hold back when it came to invading the empire. The Huns were a powerful barbaric group and “the growth of the Hunnic power… provides a unifying explanation for thirty-five years of periodic invasion” (Heather 434). The Huns were constantly trying to invade Western Rome and did so repeatedly over a 35-year period.
The early days of Islam were marked by war, as Islam expanded rapidly throughout the Middle East and North Africa. Due to the weakened state of the Sassanid Empire, the Muslims were able to rapidly defeat and subjugate the Sassanid territories. The Muslims also pushed into the Byzantine Empire, conquering and annexing some of their land as well. But the most important conquest was that of Jerusalem, which later sparked the series of wars known as the crusades, the holy wars that the European Christians took part in to take back the holy land of Jerusalem. The Crusades were a very interesting case in regards to Islam as a historical phenomenon.
Height possible reason had cause the fall of the Roman Empire. The invasion by the Barbarian Tribes, an economic troubles an over reliance on slave labor, the rise of the western empire, a government corruption and political instability, the arrival of the Huns and the migration of the Barbarian tribes, christianity and the loss of traditional values and weakening of the Roman legions. As well as the Black Death also called the Plague. The next several decades the empire had spent, was under threats. In 476, the Germanic leader had organized a revolt that deposed the Emperor Augustus.
After this Darius began a plan to conquer Greece after the support they sent the Ionian revolt. In 490BC Darius sent a fleet to conquer the Cyclades, and then attack Athens and Eretria. Quickly conquering the Eretria, the Persians burned th... ... middle of paper ... ...reeks halted though and turned and began to fight the pursuing Persians. Mardonius was killed in this attack leading to disorder among the Persian lines. Without the Athenian stand, the battle along with the victory would not have been possible at Plataea.
Invaders such as the Huns, Vandals, Ostrogoths, and Visigoths discovered weaknesses of Rome and attacked Rome. The Huns were especially the most famous, strongest, and wildest invaders. With these confusions, the change of emperors and invasions, former Roman citizens whose properties had been conquered “considered their new life” with less rules. As if to rub salt into the wound, a violent disaster caused more catastrophes and soon, epidemics went any further causing more deaths of people. One significant reason for the decline of the Roman Empire was political instability because poor leadership weakened and confused the community of Rome.
As a result of being attacked from several different locations, Rome’s army was concentrated mostly in one location, and as a result, Rome was not able to defend its o... ... middle of paper ... ...nd because of several natural disasters and diseases that weakened the Empire. All of these factors caused the fall of Rome, which was unanticipated by many people, since Rome was a very powerful empire. Also, the fall of Rome impacted society in many ways. For example, after the fall of Rome, tumultuous reactions emerged in Europe, as many barbaric and foreign tribes tried to gain control of the major Roman cities. Also, the economy decreased in the Roman Empire and trade was temporarily halted.
He took back a huge amount of territory that was once belonged to the Roman Empire before Barbarian invasions in fourth and fifth century in Western Europe including Northern Africa and Italy. Justinians vast war against the Persians to the East of Constantinople was a problem for Justinian but after several battles a peace was arranged with fairly equal terms. Justinian then de... ... middle of paper ... ...lusion Justinian’s rule was one of a successful vision in which he revived Roman Authority through the Byzantium Empire through different campaigns to ‘take back’ what was once Roman territory in the 5th Century. By doing this and the ‘freak’ loss from the Plague and the damage to the Economical and Military perspective the Byzantium Empire was no longer economically able to defend their states and eventually fell when Constantinople was gained by the Ottoman-Turks. The extent in which Justinian revived the Roman Authority during his rule was astronomical and presented him with the depiction as one of the greatest Caesars during the Medieval timeframe.
The Byzantine Empire 1453 was one of the biggest and the strongest empires of Christianity, but Emperor Alexius Comnenus was incredibly frightened form from the Muslim Turks. He had an empire filled with soldiers and weapons, but he was scared that the Turks might overrun his whole empire because He got a new Intel from his spies that were recording the movement of the Turks. The Turks were closing in on the empire. In those stressful days the Emperor sends out a distress message to Pope Urban II in Rome, seeking for military aid from Western Europe, so that he can defeat the Turks. In 1095 Pope Urban II, consider the appalled of the Byzantine in the council that sat in the Church of Placentia but unfortunat... ... middle of paper ... ...nowledge about the world, becoming allies with the Muslims, joining together and helping each other, this would had been a different world.