Exploring Why the British Troops Were Sent into Northern Ireland in 1969

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Exploring Why the British Troops Were Sent into Northern Ireland in 1969 Ireland was once a Nation they claimed a moral right to live in Ireland. Before 1500 the Gaelic lived in Ireland, they shared a language and political structure. They were separated into smaller groups. In the 5th century the Gaelic were converted to Christianity by missionaries. After 1500 the English took control for the first time by way of force due to the Irish being loyal to Catholicism and the English were strong protestants. The soldiers drove farmers off their land. The protestants were strongest in Northern Ireland, Ulster. The Irish made a rebellion but this was crushed at the battle of Boyne, many laws were passed to keep the Catholics quiet. Even up to 1914 the Irish were unwilling to accept English domination. They were completely against it. They called themselves Nationalists as they were opponents to English rule. There are two types of Nationalists, Revolutionary Nationalists and Parliamentary Nationalists. The former believing that English rule could only be removed through violence. They had many failed rebellions through violent attempts. By 1914 the idea of an armed resistance was abandoned. Parliamentary Nationalists believed that the English protestants could be persuaded to give Ireland home rule without violence but through discussion. By giving Ireland home rule they were allowed control over their religion, education, health, employment policies etc … In 1914 the British agreed to home rule. The Ulster Unionists (protestants) didn’t want home rule as they viewed themselves as separate to the Irish nation and thought th... ... middle of paper ... ...lice had gone on the rampage, and in April when the Bogsiders had barricaded themselves to stop another police invasion. Even though it may not seem to be, the Catholics feared violence from the police. The police also feared violence as they thought the Catholics would attack the Protestants ghettos of the city. For the first time to try and control the situation, the police fired CS gas into the Bogside, the gas had been used on several other occasions, but this was the first time it had been used in the UK. By the next day the Battle had settled into an almost ritualistic pattern of fighting. This parade turned out to be the turning point in Northern Irish history. On the 14th August the Irish government sort help from England. British troops were sent in as a temporary measure to resolve the situation.

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