Exploring How Parental Divorce Before the Age of Six Affects The Child’s Attachment Relationships in Adulthood.

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The likelihood of a person’s marriage ending in divorce presently stands at fifty-percent in the United States. As a consequence many children will go through the divorce process as well. What is important to note is that many children go through divorce before the age of six and this is very significant to their development. Most importantly from infancy through the early years of life (preschool years), children are working on forming secure attachments. There have not been many studies done about the impact of divorce on children younger than six years old. Only one study was found where child participants were aged 3 to 6 years (Nair, & Murray, 2005). The few that have found interesting results, discuss how divorce prior to the age of six can put children at risk for developmental disruptions (Rogers, 2004). Results also conclude that children who experienced divorce prior to age six can confront issues of love, commitment, abandonment, and betrayal years following also. As well, children of divorce have many other risk factors in future relationships. Attachment Theory Attachment theory is based on the work of Bowlby, and Ainsworth and has been added to by many other theorists. These theorists believe that attachment is a key aspect to determining personality and behavior throughout an individual's lifetime. Attachment can be defined as the strong bond that develops first between parent and child, and later in peer and romantic relationships. In theory if you are able to build a secure attachment to a caregiver as a child, you will be able to build secure relationships as an adult. If that secure bond is not created and you have developed an insecure relationship, this could prove detrimental to relationships in... ... middle of paper ... ...24753. Perris, C., & Andersson, P. (2000). Experiences of parental rearing and patterns of attachment in adulthood. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 7(4), 279-288. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database. Platt, R., Nalbone, D., Casanova, G., & Wetchler, J. (2008). Parental Conflict and Infidelity as Predictors of Adult Children's Attachment Style and Infidelity. American Journal of Family Therapy, 36(2), 149-161. doi: 10.1080/01926180701236258. Rogers, K. (2004). A Theoretical Review of Risk and Protective Factors Related to Post-Divorce Adjustment in Young Children. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 40(3/4), 135-147. doi:10.1300/J087v40n03_09. Tucker, J., & Anders, S. (1998). Adult Attachment Style and Nonverbal Closeness in Dating Couples. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 22(2), 109-124. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database.
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