Existentialism, By Jean Paul Sartre

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“Existentialism in Humanism” is a speech given by Jean-Paul Sartre given in 1946. Existentialism is a philosophy that states the existence of the individual person determines their own development through the acts of free will. Basically, this means that a person is free to decide and manipulate the course their life will take. They can control their reactions to situations, and cause other actions to occur. The argument made by Sartre is essentially nature vs nurture. The point Sartre argues is that existence precedes essence. Essence is defined as a person’s purpose in life while existence is something that is always changing. Existentialism is a philosophical theory that states the existence of the individual person determines their own development through the acts of free will, so a person is free to decide what they wish to do with their lives. This is classic nature vs nurture argument. Also, for this reason, I disagree with Sartre. It is not possible to state which came first, both play a massive role in shaping a person. Sartre states that the reason existence comes first is because from the knowledge man gains from the living, he then defines his purpose. This is a very atheistic viewpoint, in my opinion. Sartre was atheistic which makes him more logical. Religious minded people, like me, find more logic in believing that the essence of god exists within us. The essence of the thoughts of their parents is a more non-religious point of view. The scientific perspective is that before humans there was atoms, molecules, and the thing basic natural things that are not controlled consciously by the mind. Both themes, abandonment and freedom, are tied together. Since God has abandoned mankind, that makes them free to shape... ... middle of paper ... ...ca and the same building blocks are found in fruit, insects, etc. So I could have theoretically been coded to be a fruit fly instead of a human. That is not what nature required. I believe it was Nietzsche who said that at some point without the approval of humans, the human race does die out. I believe it more likely that “science,” is the higher power which drives the human purpose that is the essence of humans. Abandonment only happens if one believes that someone was there looking over them. Sartre’s concept has the major flaw, how can one be abandoned if one does not know any better? Why would the abandonment of God affect an atheist? We are not condemned to be free, many choose otherwise, they believe in various things from God, to science, to a man who says he reached the ultimate peace, Buddha. To know abandonment first we must know who it is that left us.
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