“To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee depicts the variations of prejudice and discrimination of white people against black people, which identifies relationships among the novel’s characters. The racial intolerance towards Tom Robinson in the novel relates to the Scottsboro Boys, indicating injustice and iniquitousness in the different trials, portraying how ignorant the human race truly is to black people, how a white person can’t even feel what a black person’s motive is, which is to be brothers and sisters to white people, and that racial judgment prohibits the society’s hopes of an improved world. The misapprehension of white against black truly shows how ignorant the human race truly is towards black people. The racial …show more content…
King has said that there only 2 laws in this world: “just and unjust” (pg.2), meaning that judgment in the world is determined by whether the law is just or unjust, and in the Tom Robinson and Scottsboro Boys cases, law was clearly unjust. It was a racial judgment statement and making it no law at all, stated by King’s "Letter from a Birmingham Jail”: “I would agree with St. Augustine that “an unjust law is no law at all.” (pg. 3). The fairness in court or any other situation is that in the South, white always wins- no matter the cost. This led to a weakened society because of injustice towards each other, as stated in To Kill a Mockingbird, "There's something in our world that makes men lose their heads—they couldn't be fair if they tried. In our courts, when it's a white man's word against a black man's, the white man always wins. They're ugly, but those are the facts of life." (pg. 295). Harper Lee used the idea of the trial of the Scottsboro Boys to further compare the two and to tell how society has been damaged and spoiled by racism, in which Atticus states that in To Kill a Mockingbird, “in the cynical confidence that their testimony would not be doubted, confident that you gentlemen would go along with them on the assumption—the evil assumption—that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are basically immoral beings, that all Negro men are not to be trusted around our women, an assumption that one associates with minds of their calibre.” (pg. 273). Atticus and King’s message towards racial bias and injustice has demonstrated how society can bring devastating situations and how it can be held accountable for poisoning our world with the very thoughts of racism toward any race, not just black
In the novel, ‘To Kill A Mockingbird’ by Harper Lee some characters suffer in the hands of justice and fairness more than others. Many characters in the novel are discriminated against such as Calpurnia, Dolphus Raymond, Helen Robinson, Burris Ewell and more. However I will be focusing on the discrimination against Tom Robinson for his race, Walter Cunningham for his low socioeconomic status and Boo Radley for the rumors and supposed mental instability he holds. I chose those three because they are the most prominent and I will discuss how the discrimination against the characters therefore leads to their injustice or unfairness.
In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, many different themes come into view. One major theme that played a big role in the character’s lives is racial prejudice. Racism is an unending problem throughout the book. The song “Message from a Black Man” by The Temptations has many similarities to the theme of racial discrimination. Therefore, both the novel and the song prove that racism was a great obstacle for some people at a point.
In today’s advanced society individuals have greater protection against discrimination by race, religion, social status and sexual orientation. To Kill a Mockingbird is based on the 1930’s when prejudice and injustice were in the Southern States of America (Alabama). Firstly, Negro and White societies are distinct and segregated, in that: Negroes and White lived in different neighbourhoods, Negroes worship in their own church and Negro and White children attend separate schools. Scout also reveals that Maycomb’s citizens do not allow women to serve on juries and expect them to look well-mannered (well dressed).In addition, social status is also very important in Maycomb. Ewells lived near the garbage dump. Aunt Alexandra didn’t allow Scout to invite Walter for dinner because he was a Cunningham. In To Kill a Mockingbird, by Harper Lee, Scout and Jem discovers that, Maycomb is a community where individuals are discriminated according to their gender, social status and race.
During the years of the 1930’s, the Scottsboro Boys and Tom Robinson went to court due to an alleged rape of a white female. Throughout the events that took place in both cases, Harper Lee repeatedly presented examples of racism and prejudice. Between the court cases of both Tom Robinson and “The Scottsboro Boys,” many of the featured characters’ actions and reactions were similar in responding to the weak evidence.
To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee seems like a complete replica of the lives of people living in a small Southern U.S. town. The themes expressed in this novel are as relevant today as when this novel was written, and also the most significant literary devices used by Lee. The novel brings forward many important themes, such as the importance of education, recognition of inner courage, and the misfortunes of prejudice. This novel was written in the 1930s. This was the period of the “Great Depression” when it was very common to see people without jobs, homes and food. In those days, the rivalry between the whites and the blacks deepened even more due to the competition for the few available jobs. A very famous court case at that time was the Scottsboro trials. These trials were based on the accusation against nine black men for raping two white women. These trials began on March 25, 1931. The Scottsboro trials were very similar to Tom Robinson’s trial. The similarities include the time factor and also the fact that in both cases, white women accused black men.
“As you grow older, you'll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don't you forget it-whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash” (Lee 295). If everyone believed this statement then lives would have been saved, and families would not have had to mourn. In the 1960 novel To Kill a Mockingbird written by Harper Lee, an African-American man, Tom Robinson, was accused of rape by a white man and faced many injustices. He was maltreated by not only the citizens of Maycomb but also the government system. The citizens responsible for Tom Robinson and his families injustices are Robert Ewell, Mayella Ewell, and Sheriff Heck Tate.
Prejudice is a major topic in all of the units. The Germans were prejudiced against the Jews, the whites versus the blacks, the whites versus the indians, and the Venetians versus the Jews. In this essay I will discuss the various reasons I think prejudice is a major topic in this book.
“We know all men are not created equal in the sense some people would have us believe . . . some people have more opportunity because they’re born with it” (Lee 233). A real trial depicted in a fictional book is what is seen within To Kill a Mockingbird. Harper Lee shows the reality that is racism and the advantages that one race has over another. The use of racism to hide one’s criminal actions is seen within both trials. The lengths people will go to, not caring what their actions will lead to is clearly seen within both trials. In To Kill a Mockingbird there are distinct similarities between the main characters of the trial and the figures in “The Scottsboro Boys”. Both trials have unjust outcomes and questionable physical evidence.
When prejudice is demonstrated in any situation, it is can easily cloud one’s judgement and influence their actions. In the beginning of the novel, Jem tells Scout about the rumors he had heard about Boo Radley. The rumors consisted of false descriptions that left Scout and Jem believing Boo Radley was ultimately a monster. As kids, they never stopped to think if what they were being told was true and that had caused them to act upon this bias description without waiting to find out. Boo, being an easy target since he never leaves his house and has no other reputation, is being discriminated and inaccurately accused of things that were never proven to be true, like his appearance. Jem hears a rumor about Boo Radley’s lifestyle and looks, in
In the novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee shows how prejudice in the south affects men, women, children, blacks, and whites through the thoughts of racism, social class, and sexism. She makes it possible to understand what prejudice was like and how harmful it can be, but also that despite all the tensions in the south that there are always people who are willing to help when others are in need. There are many examples of prejudice throughout the book and it is still happening in real life.
Reading old books is boring and not fun because mainly everything in the book is outdated. However, sometimes you come across a book that is like wine; the older it is the better it is. This books are typically considered to be classics and their themes usually hit many generations of readers. Harper Lee’s novel To Kill a Mockingbird is one of those classics that brings out many themes such as horrible effects of prejudice and the pursuit of surviving which are still relevant in today’s world.
Prejudice has been present in society since the beginning of the United States. For example, the Scottsboro Boys being accused and charged with rape. The Judicial System during that time allowed race, skin color, and religion to affect the trials. Because of their skin color, the boys did not get a fair trial and were sentenced to years in prison, with some spending their whole life in prison. Few of the boys served their full time in prison and were set free, but they had a difficult time finding job due to their background with the law. In the novel, Harper Lee wanted the readers to know that prejudice can cloud the judgement of people, bring out the hatred, and also wants readers to put themselves in other’s position, so they would be less
The county of Maycomb is a prime example of a town which was ruled by racial prejudice. The white folks of the town automatically assumed the worst of any black person, disregarding facts and evidence. This is highlighted throughout the court case of Tom Robinson on trial for raping a white girl but is obvious in everyday life as well. Whilst talking to Jem and Scout about the outcome of the case, Atticus admits “In our courts, when it's a white man's word against a black man's, the white man always wins.” Inclusive language has been used in this bold statement to emphasize how a white man is superior no matter what circumstance. This amplifies prejudice based on skin colour, which was also carried into the courtroom “but people have a way of carrying their resentments right into a jury box."-Atticus. This racial bias overshadowed all decisions and views held by the Maycomb society resulting in
Investigating the similarities between the Scottsboro case and Tom Robinson’s trail, the first major parallel the shadow of lynching that menaces the accused in both. The threat of lynching occurs in the novel when after Tom Robinson is transported to the Maycomb city jail. That night a mob of people from nearby community called Old Sarum gather around the jail in an attempt to abduct him. This type of behavior is by all means very plausible for this time period. In a nearly identical event, as to that in the novel, on a cold night in 1931 after the Scottsboro boys were sentenced a scene right out of To Kill a Mockingbird seemed to come to life. That night Dan T. Carter, the court historian, accounts, “ farmers from the nearby hills began gathering, and by dusk a crowd of several hundred stood in front of the two-story jail.” (Carter 7) Just like the Old Sarum mob most of these people were poor white farmers seeking the blood of a black man. The connection of the southern society’s feeling toward a black man committing a crime against a while f...
A closer look at the ways of the South during the time period 1925 through 1935 reveals the accurate representation of society in Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird. Many of the fictional events occurring in the novel are closely related to actual historical events that took place in the South during the time period in which the book is set. Most importantly, the trial of Tom Robinson illustrates how life was for a black man in a world dominated by white men. Tom Robinson’s trial can be paralleled to the trials of the Scottsboro boys, the horrific lynching that occurred in the South, and the general attitude of white society towards black society during the time period. Historical evidence verifies that Tom Robinson is proven guilty before his trial ever begins.