What is important to understand in terms at the difference between the juvenile and adult system is that there is a level of dependency that is created tween the two and the juvenile system focuses on how to help rather than in prison individuals at such a young age. However, it usually depends on the type of crimes that have been committed and what those crimes me for the families and how they impact of the greater society. The adult system distinguishes between dependence and delinquency mainly because there was a psychological transition that occurs with juveniles that is not always a predictor of a cyclical life of crime. However, if an adult is committed to the justice system there can be a dependency of delinquency and a cycle of crime that is more likely to be sustained at that age and level of cognitive ability then in comparison to a juvenile. The reasoning behind this is important is that is focused on maintaining a level of attention to the needs and capacity abilities of individuals living and working in different types of societies (Zinn et al.,
The Juvenile System has been around for a long time. The primary reason behind separating Juvenile from adult criminals is quite simple; the judicial system believes that the children are less culpable for their irresponsive behavior and they could easily be reformed as compared to adult offenders. The crucial role of the judicial system is to critically investigate, diagnose, and recommend treatments for the Juveniles rather than accrediting them. However, because of the increasing number of juvenile arrest for crimes committed by persons considered as a child, the attention that the given to a crime involving juveniles, the decreasing trust to the juvenile system itself and the lauder roar of the society for a safer place to live in, the juvenile justice system began to change. A transition from the classic objective of reform brought by juvenile justice system to a more tough policy that focus more on public safety and on idea of punishment to juvenile offenders came to effect.
(Champion, 1992) The main reason for transferring a juvenile to criminal court is for harsher punishment to be obtainable. Another main reason for transfer to criminal court is because juvenile courts do not have the authority to impose punishment that continues into adulthood. There are many other reasons than the one listed above for a juvenile to be transferred such as; to produce fairness in punishment of certain types of crimes, holding offenders more accountable for their actions, to portray harsh punishment will be except for offenses, and decrease repeat juvenile offenders. (Champion,
You may be thinking, “Why is this teen being tried as adult, he is just a kid?” While he is “just a kid”, and this is a widely held opinion, but it is not mine. Should minors who commit violent crimes be tried as adults? Absolutely. Just because minors are young they do have the ability to know what is right from wrong. Since these minors have committed the crime, they need to be held accountable.
These juveniles have the opportunity to be molded into functioning members of society, yet lack the necessary resources to do so. This occurs due to the negative connotation that comes with juvenile delinquents and their behaviors. Every country has their own ways of dealing with crime, and in particular juvenile delinquency, in this piece there will be an in depth analysis of the United States juvenile justice system and England’s juvenile justice system. Although there are many similarities between both developed countries England’s approach to juvenile justice is more effective long term by its implementation of rehabilitative and restorative programs. In return tackling the problem of high recidivism rates and reintegration into society.
Police Discretion When police are attending a call or happen upon a crime they are given the power of discretion, where they have the ability to decide how to proceed. This can be used responsibly or taken advantage of as there is very little in terms of control. Situational Variables The situation in which a police officer apprehends a suspect can influence the officer’s decision on how to proceed. In fact situational variables are considered to be the most influential factor on an officer’s use of discretion (Goff, 2011, p. 184). Rudy listed of some situational factors that can affect a person’s discretion such as “possible educational experience, suspect attitude, community support, policies, and whether or not an officer has filled their ticket quota for the month”
The other issue deals with the amount of delinquent minorities that get arrested after one offense compared to the white delinquents who receive second chances. The use of solitary confinement for juveniles is not an effective way to punish their bad behavior while in a detention center. The videos proved that solitary adds additional issues to already existing issues. One of the biggest issues with the juvenile justice system is what happens with the kids after they leave the detention centers. They may be put on probation/ parole, which may monitor them slightly, but they generally stay in the environment where they first offended.
A big argument against police discretion is that it allows officers to abuse it which can lead to a greater threat in police corrupt. Some people say that cops don’t have the slightest idea what could be ... ... middle of paper ... ...d to do something about the consistency and teaching how far to take it and in certain situations. Also, help officers during training with situations dealing with different ethnicity, social class, and race, because this is where police discretion is used a lot. Watching the video in class we learned that police officers are more likely to arrest someone or charge someone with a crime if they have a different race or if they think the area they are in is a high crime area, some automatically assume that they are doing something they are not supposed to be doing or committing a crime. The zero tolerance policy that was stated above shows that with that it is making progress, I believe that should be used more an With better training and good and better department policies I think that the problem on police discrimination can be better handled and better achieved.
When discussing juvenile offenders, there seems to be a distinct divide between how they should be treated. Some believe such young citizens should be treated with leniency in court while others completely disagree. This raises the question, “Should minors be treated with more leniency than their adult counterparts due to their youth?” Despite that the judicial system has flaws, treating juvenile offenders as adults in a court of law proves to be disadvantageous. To start off, it is important to realize that the juvenile justice system was created to specialize in aiding the youth of today. To elaborate, “ The Federal Juvenile Delinquency Act defines juvenile delinquency (any act that is otherwise a crime, but is committed by someone under
Juvenile delinquency laws were designed to provide treatment, rather than punishment, for juvenile offenders. Young delinquents usually are sent to juvenile courts, where the main aim is to rehabilitate offenders, rather than to punish them. But the term juvenile delinquency itself has come to imply disgrace in today's society. A youngster can be labeled a delinquent for breaking any one of a number of laws, ranging from robbery to running away from home. But an action for which a youth may be declared a delinquent in one community may not be against the law in another community.