We are still learning from the Great White and in 1973 we knew less. “Jaws” by Peter Benchley is the first fiction novel written about the Great White and is inspiration for the book comes from an actually incident in early 1900’s. In 1913, four people were killed off the Jersey Shore by sharks. Sharks will mistake a human for food but will release once it realizes it. Peter Benchley creates a monster from realism and brilliantly describes the great fish in scientific terms is his book. He speaks of it small primitive brain, the dorsal fin, and the fishes need to keep water rushing over its gills. He never specifically names the fish and allows the reader to form a picture of the fish. In doing so we are forced to believe the possibilities that there is a shark who is just hunting for survival, and the fish does not possess some extraordinary power. The book first published in 1974 by Doubleday. The book was a success and made The Book of the Month Club, and was given many praises in newspapers such as The New York Times. While this is going on, Richard D. Zanuck and David Brown, at Universal Studios was contemplating the possibilities of creating the movie.
The Great Shark debate – to cull or not to cull, has been at the forefront of the minds of conservationists, as well as the general population for many decades now. The opinions of everyone are divided, according to their personal experiences, and views on what is right and wrong for the environment.
Beginning with the simplest one-celled organism, an extraordinary animal rose in the murky waters entitled to a non-comparable killing-eating machine. This organism has become nature’s most genuine and most successful creature that it has remained unchanged for over 250 million years. Nature finally invented the perfect king of the sea. This animal has given the sea it’s “living” adjective; in turn, it was entitled—the “great white shark.”
In Chinese tradition, Shark fin soup is called as “a celebration soup”, which people eat it to celebrate in various occasions. Moreover, people also believed that shark fin consisted of diverse nutrition values which provide them virility, wealth, and power(Wolchover, 2011). These beliefs lead to the beginning of poaching for sharks, the top of food chain in the sea world. Surprisingly, although people are aware of the decreasing number of sharks since the old days, around hundred million of sharks are still hunted each year(Heltus, 2013), to be served on luxury tables surrounded by those believers in things that they do not even prove whether the belief is reliable. Therefore, in the generation that people are mostly educated, sharks should no longer have to be continuously killed for their fins.
The importance of knowing about sharks and how they have evolved is that it allows knowledge. Knowing about sharks and how far they trace back allows scientists to create a timeline for classifying organisms. If we have a timeline and discover something new, then scientists can compare and do testing to see how long ago the organism had existed. Also, knowing about sharks allows us to have an idea upon what is expected in the future. If we didn’t have an idea of what has happened in the past, then how will we know what to expect in the future? We wouldn’t know what to expect.
When little is known about a topic it is human nature to instinctively dislike that topic. Sadly, the topic is sharks, and for centuries people have surmised these creatures into a bleak, unforgiving category. The supposi...
Watching a movie where hundreds of swimmers on a beach are in a complete panic because of shark attacks makes a person scared to swim in an ocean, lake, or even a pond. Not only movies, but also documentaries of shark attacks stress how dangerous sharks are. In reality, are sharks really that dangerous or is it how they are portrayed? Stephen R. Palumbi who is a Professor of Biology at Stanford University and also the Director at the Hopkins Marine Station at Stanford wrote an article about other animals living in the ocean that are more dangerous to humans than sharks. In fact, he has written books about creatures in the water such as The Death and Life of Monterey Bay, and The Evolution Explosion. In addition, his son Anthony R. Palumbi is a novelist and a science writer that has written for Atlantic and other publications (Princeton University Press 1). Together they co- authored an article titled “Forget Shark Week: They aren’t the only fish in the sea” that was published the Los Angeles Times.
When the word Shark comes to mind most people think of a monster that feeds on humans and is an enemy of all living beings. Contrary to popular belief less than 10 percent of sharks are known to attack humans unprovoked. Sharks are classified under the class of Chondrichthyes, which is fish that have characteristics of a skeleton made of cartilage, jaws, paired fins, and paired nostrils. The superorders are divided into two groups, which are Batoidea that have rays and their relatives and Selachii, which are sharks. Scientists have found isolated spines, teeth, and scales that appeared 350 to 400 million years ago in the Devonian Period known as "Age of Fishes". Most modern sharks have evolved 100 million years ago when dinosaurs lived on earth. (Matthews, 1989) Sharks have been known to inhabit tropical and temperate seas as well as some cold and polar seas. Migration of sharks is poorly understood due to not all species migrating. And in the species that do migrate the distance may be short or long and is based on availability of the food and environmental cycles. One American biologist Eugenie Clark is the world leader in shark study, she was the first person to learn how sharks behaved in captivity and how well sharks had the ability to understand.
According to Animal Planet, sharks, on average, kill ten humans per year, while humans kill eighty-eight to one hundred million sharks per year. Humans hunt sharks for their meat, internal organs, skin, and primarily for their fins in order to make products such as lubricants, make-up, and mainly shark fin soup. The growing Chinese economy has cause an increase in the demand for shark fin soup. Some species of sharks have reduced over 90% in population for a bowl of soup that has no scientifically proven nutritional value. The poaching of sharks as seen in the shark fin trade should cease because it causes a collapse of the marine ecosystem and endangers the shark species.
The shark represents nature’s ability to change fate and invoke fear. The shark’s dark fin is subtle yet powerful and dangerous, and poses a threat that is beyond the men’s reach. Nature is an all-powerful force, and the shark reinforces the minuteness of man compared to the vastness of nature, and that nature is always in control. The shark intimidates the correspondent, and he wishes that one of his companions was awake to keep him company. The shark revives the possibility of death, and the correspondent formulates ideas relating to the relationship between nature and man. The correspondent realizes that “nature does not regard him as important, and that she feels she would not maim the universe of disposing of him” (1363). The correspondent feels powerless and wants to fight against nature but has no means of doing so.
Klimley, A.P, Anderson, S.D, Henderson, R.P, and P. Pyle. Great White Sharks: the biology of Carcharodon carcharias. New York: American Publishing Inc., 1996.
Sharks are known as one of the most fearsome creatures that end innocent peoples' lives with no mercy, however, there is a large amount of information that civilians do not know about them. This year alone, sharks killed a total of twelve humans worldwide. On the contrary, this is compared to a killer amount of "100 million sharks that were killed this year by the actions of humans" ("Shark Finning"). In addition to these startling numbers, the killing of sharks actually damage our ecosystem just because of this known persona that all sharks are wicked and not help in any way towards the environment. There are quite a lot of positive factors and interesting facts about sharks that make them appealing towards learning more about these majestic creatures. Overall, it is important to feature interesting facts about sharks because of how society displays a stereotypical flaunt of sharks, yet there are respectably well factors of sharks and their input in the dark sea.
Most people think that sharks are large, fast-swimmers, and savage predators. This is true of some species and groups should be interested of the appealing aspects of biology found within it: all sharks have an excellent sense of smell; some can detect electrical discharges; some sharks give birth to one of the
The origin of modern day whales, a mystery that has puzzled paleontologists for years, may have just been solved with the discovery of an ankle bone. This discovery might sound simple and unimportant, but the bones of these ancient animals hold many unanswered questions and provide solid proof of origin and behavior. The relationship between whales and other animals has proven to be difficult because whales are warm-blooded, like humans, yet they live in the sea. The fact that they are warm-blooded suggests that they are related to some type of land animal. However, the questions of exactly which animal, and how whales evolved from land to water, have remained unanswered until now.
Thesis: Sharks should be conserved because they are an important part of the ocean, attacks are often incidental, and human behavior influences the behavior of sharks.