4) A citizen was also someone that took part in the democratic process for definition of being a citizen was one "who holds a judicial or legislative office" (Pg. 6). I interpret this as Aristotle stating that if women had authority to serve the public they would have been able to become citizens granted that they were inferiors. "It is clear that the rule of the soul over the body, and of the mind and the rational element over the passionate, is natural and expedient; whereas the equality of the two or the rul... ... middle of paper ... ...omen were politically powerless not because they wanted it that way but because it was men's power that made women powerless. These men did not advocate a democracy that included women.
Weak and powerless are so me of the words that describe women’s role in Puritan society. Men were the breadwinners and women were confined to the household. Most women lived their lives under the authority of men, but because of her unusual place in society Hester was able to overcome this. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne switches the typical male and female roles to prove that when given the opportunity, women can be strong and independent members of society. Hawthorne uses Hester’s reaction to her punishment of wearing the letter A, to show women can survive in society without being dependent on men.
Equal rights and responsibilities for women are not enough when "men" is center, and "woman" is "other". Plato de-values women and fails to recognize the female as a legitimate norm as well. Traces of misogyny (and the idea of common ownership of woman) reinforces the idea that in his proposition to change the status of woman, Plato aspired to liberate men from women instead of emancipating
Women were primarily regarded as instruments for men’s pleasure and were denied access to the public sphere. While some philosophers supported the liberation of women, others who defended the principles of equality believed these principles should only be applied to their own gender and race. For example, John Locke gives an important status to women. He argues that women are not property, women have power over their children in the absence of the father and women are allowed to leave their marriage. Although Locke gives women a sense of importance, he still falls short of feminist ideals because of the limitations he sets forth.
In Medea by Euripides, Jason, one of the main characters, supports Hesiod's claim by saying, "Men should have found some other way to procreate. The female sex should not exist: Then we'd be free of all our troubles" (550-552). Jason basically reduces women to nothing more than a means of procreation and trouble. His statement does not take into account anything else a woman does, like raising the children, tending to the home, or even being a companion. Interestingly, Euripides tragedy Hippolytus, also has the same claims.
Initially, in Ancient Greece there stratosphere was based on Greek mythology and social structure which influenced how a woman’s place in society should be affiliated. Ancient Athens social structure was heavenly influenced in the play as Creon the king was seen as superior whereas women were close to the bottom of the structure. Hence this states woman should not undermine the authority of a king and should be severely punished if they do so. Moreover, Antigone’s rebellion is threatening because it contradicts both gender roles and hierarchy. The play also indicates a woman’s place in society had no social, political, or economic importance as they were always second.
He gave us the shape of society to study by, and women the drive to fight for more importance. Typical Athenian women we low on the economic, social and political totem pole, and yet Euripides shows women as prominent characters. Edwin Ardener refers to Athenian women as the "muted class", "muted simply because (women do) not form part of the dominant communicative system of the society" (Ardener 22). Even as we praise Euripides for his portrayal of women, we must realize that this portrayal is from a man's point of view. When we look at the dialogue of his more prominent characters, like Medea and Phaedra, we must remember that it is only what Euripides thought they would say in the situation.
Who Controls the Private Sphere in an Archaic Greek Society Abstract: Texts, such as Oeconomicus, reveal that while men in Archaic Greek society had authority over their wives, they were too confident of their control, and once they taught women how to act and behave they granted women authority over the household or private sphere. This segregation of the public and private spheres allowed women control not only over the private sphere, but also some control over her own life. Did women in Archaic Greek society have control over their lives? Today, many would argue that women did not have control, but rather their fathers and husbands controlled them. However, when looking closely at Greek texts, such as Xenophon’s Oeconomicus, one discovers that husbands were so confident of their control that once women were taught how to manage the household they granted women complete authority over the decisions made in the private sphere.
Teachers expected less so they paid less attention to them and focused more on men. Women wanted to redefine themselves and show that they could be more than just stay at home wives and mothers. They wanted to redefine relationships and show how a true partnership should be. They wanted to change that the man was the only one who carried the economic burden of the family and women had their own responsibilities that didn’t relate to the men’s. They wanted to equally share responsibilities with home care, children and economic burden.
Aristophanes wrote the play Lysistrata that depicted men as ignorant and barbaric. The women on the other hand were negotiable and experienced. At the time Aristophanes used humor to etch thoughts into peoples minds. He believed that women should rule or at the least play a major role in society and politics. Plato had a similar idea, he thought that women should be equal with men and also share the positions of politics; this would create an equilibrium because men and woman have different qualities that would counterbalance society.