These things are then leading to a loss in bio-diversity, contamination in water, and ultimately killing our planet. Everyday things that we do like driving a car, flying in a plane, or even taking a train are greatly impacting the Earth too. We are impacting our Earth in such a negative way that eventually we could lose all of our resources and end up killing ourselves due to the lack of resources and population if we don't make changes in the oceans. One reason Earth is rapidly being destroyed by mankind is because of overfishing. Overfishing is causing a major loss of bio-diversity in the ocean as stated by a non-profit organization called save our seas.
On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig, located in the Gulf of Mexico exploded killing 11 workers and injuring 17. The oil rig sank a day-and-a-half later. The spill was referred to as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, BP oil spill, Gulf of Mexico oil spill, and BP oil disaster. It was first said that little oil had actually leaked into the ocean but a little over a month later the estimate was 12,000-19,000 barrels of crude oil being leaked per day. Many attempts were made to stop the leak but all failed until they capped the leak on July 15, 2010, and on September 19 the federal government declared the well “effectively dead.” In the three months that it took to finally put a stop the leak, 4.9 million barrels of oil were released into the ocean.
For example, the death rate of dolphins went up from about 63 deaths a year, to 125 deaths in only 7 months. Sea birds were harmed by the oil in the surface, even a small amount of oil on their wings impeded their ability to fly, swim, and find food. Sea birds deaths reached the hundreds of thousands. Shrimp fisheries were closed for most of the year after this. Fisheries that provided ⅓ of the seafood in the US were in danger because all of the fish were contaminated from the oil.
All sea creatures are affected by oil spills. For example, if an oil spill just happened and it killed all the small organisms it that area, when the organisms die it will affect the whole food. Fish that eat the small organisms will die because there are no small organisms left and this will continue throughout the whole food chain. Oil spills form a thick layer of oil on the surface of the water, which can block the sun, and the plants will not be able to photosynthesize. Lot’s of aquatic animals die because of dead zones.
Oil Spills and How They Affect The Environment Oil spills, no matter how small or large, effect the worlds environment by their destroying and poisoning any habitat they come in contact with, mainly the water though. These spills can be devastating because they disrupt what we know as the food chain. The food chain starts with producers who are ate by small animals which are ate by larger and larger animals until the top predator is reached, humans. Oddly enough, humans are the main reason the food chain is being destroyed. In our fight to reach economic prosperity we rarely take in consideration the environment, which is partially what life is based on.
When an oilrig spills or leaks it pollutes and contaminates the water all around, and it is known to spread very quickly. The oil clings to everything it touches; including rocks, sand, plants, and even grasses. Once the oil takes over the area, it makes the land unsuitable for living. One common argument for why it should not be banne... ... middle of paper ... ...rilling, and this would even open up jobs for those people. In conclusion, I believe it is safe to say that if offshore drilling is not banned it will be very detrimental to our society.
These VOC's contribute to smog and have severe health side effects. Exxon has had many oil and VOC spills. One of the largest oil spills attributed to Exxon was the Valdez tanker accident off the Alaskan coastline in 1989. The tanker was carrying 53 million gallons of crude, and within hours of the accident, 11 million gallons poured over the shoreline ("25 Years Later, Exxon Valdez Spill Effects Linger"). The article "25 Years Later, Exxon Valdez Spill Effects Linger" states, most of the wildlife has recovered, but some species are still struggling to survive.
The oil is so thick that it kills the entire marine life in that area. Although the oil is only in the area of the spill it can take a long time to clean up and during that time it effects that whole environment. The oil in the water endangers the lives of several people by contaminating the water they need. The statement became a well-known factor in 2010 when a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit called Deepwater Horizon had an explosion on it causing an unforgettable oil leak. The leak led to the “Elements of Liability” for oil pollution (Foley).
People must be hired to sort through all t... ... middle of paper ... ...f these animals do not reproduce the fishing industry will fall to pieces, costing thousands of people their lifestyles. Everybody knows that to keep the car from over-heating; they must put oil in it. Now think of the earth as a car. If humans continue to suck up all the oil, it will eventually run out. If the earth no longer has oil, its gear will start to grind causing earthquakes and the earth will soon overheat and die.
Oil stations out in the ocean that sucks the oil from the ocean floor can make big oil spills by machinery breaking down, catch fire, or gaskets that blow off that gets too hot and can blow the whole place up or catch the whole place on fire or could spray oil out of pipes and big barriers where the oil is holding at. How bad is oil spills? Well bad it is, it is “by far the world’s most disastrous marine pollution” (Oil Spills). Oil spills can “literally wipe off different types of marine life like fishes, plants, and algae in within a few hours” and can kill other organisms that is around it or near by the spill. Oil does not just harm marine life and plants it can harm birds and sea turtles.... ... middle of paper ... ...he pipe is sucking the oil out of and if it bust they cannot go down there and fix it by hand.