The Battle of Marathon took place in Athens in 490 BCE, and the citizens fought against the invading Persian army. Athenians were able to prevent Persian control of Greece, making it the first time Persians had been defeated on land. Because Persia was a superpower, the impact on Athens’ following the triumph was tenfold. Athenians viewed themselves as the epicenter of Greek culture and power. They now had a strong economy because Athenians’ wealth multiplied due to increased trade.
The 5th century and the Athenian Empire gave birth to an amazing amount of accomplishments. One such accomplishment was the minting of standard Athenian coins that were used throughout the Athenian holdings as valid for trade. The use of standard Athenian-minted coins helped the Athenians establish and maintain control over their empire by helping to control trade and the economy of the area to the Athenians' benefit. Since Athens regularly received tribute from the states it controlled, Pericles, the leader of Athens, began a building project in Athens that was legendary. Athens had been sacked by the Persians during the Persian Wars and Pericles set out to rebuild the city.
Given their new found knowledge and influences from Greek and Phoenician cultures they were able to implement some ideas into their own stately figures that reflect their lifestyle. It was then that Roman architecture flourished throughout the Empire and Pax Romana century (Trueman). Their architectural designs resembled a wealthy lifestyle. A... ... middle of paper ... ...em a powerful city because it impacted the lives of people around the glove for centuries. The major component that makes a city “Great” is the power that they have.
He developed a system of democracy for his city-state to instill in which the majority gained a say in the government. Although not everyone believed Pericles was great. The other city states in Greece became jealous of Athens wealth and also became weary of their intentions. The city states believed the Athens were forming an Athenian empire to take control of Greece. The second largest city-state,
The author of our textbook Spielvogel mentions, “It was a period of brilliant achievement, much of it associated with the flowering of democracy…” (Spielvogel P 77) The creative culture and developing nations had produced such great groundwork that they would ultimately become one of the most accomplished civilizations ever. When Greece adapted a new military system everything began to change. They now had armed soldiers and guards to protect them from neighboring invaders. Greece was positioned in such a way that they held a strategic advantage because of their surrounding mountainous terrain. War at the time became an integral part of the Greek way of life.
Ancient Greeks influenced the Ancient world and the modern world greatly politically, intellectually, and artistically. The Greeks progressed from living in small settlements into owning a great empire that expanded from the west to the east, and from north to south throughout the world. The unique geography of Greece and the rise of its city-states resulted in great diverse influences to everyone that has ever lived. Greek societies taught us so much, and without them people would most probably be way less intellectual and a lot less creative, and I think that Greeks should be always thanked for the knowledge they gave to humanity. Due to all of this, Greek is the birth of civilization.
As Alexander spread Greek culture through his military conquests, he and others established economically stable Hellenistic cities. Alexander was able to do this in part because of the economic gains from his conquest of the Persian Empire that were due to the royal treasury, which was full of valuable items. These cities were successful marketplaces and economic centers that participated in manufacturing and trade. Because they were located in various places around and throughout the empire, these cities collectively improved the entire Greek economy dramatically during the Hellenistic era. Through merchants and their newly founded, efficient, and consistent coin system, Greece was able to conduct trade oversea and overland both internally and with other civilizations, including their invaluable trade connection to China through the Silk Road.
During the Greco-Persian Wars, the Spartans and Athens fought together against the powerful Persians. One of the reasons for the temporary alliance was the impressive navy of the Athens. Historian Thomas R. Martin asserted, “The peace struck in 446/445 formally ended the fighting, supposedly for thirty years. New disagreements that arose in the 430s over how each of the two states should treat the allies of the other led to the collapse of the peace, however.” This navy helped the Spartan Army and the Spartan Army helped the Athenian Army. However, after fighting together to defeat the Persians, the two rival city-states went back to their old ways of despising one another.
In the short time, the Greek artists explored a succession of new ideas to produce a body of work in every medium from pottery and painting to sculpture and architecture that exhibits a clear stylistic and technical direction toward representing the visual world as we see it. About the philosophy, the Greek gave many philosophy that modern people still use it as the Democracy in the United State. I think this civilization been very wealthy and intelligent. They are ancestor of people that created so many imposing and intellectual things.
As you can see, both Xanthippus and Agariste had great influences on Pericles. Not only did his parents have a great influence on Pericles, but his teachers did too. D... ... middle of paper ... ...d. From building the Parthenon, to using his extravagant brain and abilities to hook the Athenians to his plans, Pericles was revolutionary leader of the Ancient World. Works Cited Aird, Hamish. Pericles: The Rise and Fall of Athenian Democracy.