At this point in time there is no guarantee that the Aboriginal culture will survive the test of time as the future of Australia goes on. The laws that replaced the Aboriginal traditions have permanently damaged the culture of the Indigenous people. In Follow the Rabbit-Proof Fence, the major portion of the story is about the resilience of three young half-caste aboriginal girls who were taken from their families by white men and their laws. “The white settlers were a protected species, they were safe with their own laws and had police and soldiers to enforce these rules” (Pilkington 15). When the British brought their laws over to Australia, they assumed it would be necessary to enforce it throughout the land they claimed, and over the Aboriginal people.
The Europeans who took part in this displacement exercise were less humane and they treated the aboriginal families with less decency and this mistreatment was prolonged even after independence The legislations that were enacted were targeted towards specific races with those against the aboriginals being more stringent and with less liberty (Taylor 1992). These cultural wars have for long been under constant address by either the international community or some concerned groups like the black armband historians. The individuals who have since emerged to fight against discrimination and prejudice directed towards the aboriginals have done so backed... ... middle of paper ... ...e past in the present; the present in the past; constructing a national Aboriginality’ in Past and present: The Construction of Aboriginality, Aboriginal Studies Press, Canberra. Briscoe, G 1988, ‘History and “oral history”? : A historical-and epistemological viewpoint’, Black Voices, vol.
Over the past 230 years, Aboriginals have protested in many different ways to gain rights, which they believe they are deserving of. Through aims of what they wanted to achieve, the processes they went through brought them disappointment over the poor results of some actions and pleasure over the success of others. Over those years, very few periods of protest have been as revelational or effective as the protests occurring between 1938 and 1972. During this period many different groups of Aboriginals have fought for the common cause of being recognised as people rather than interferences caught in the midst of Australians expansion as a nation. One of the most significant Aboriginal attempts at equality of the 20th century was the Day of Mourning.
Aboriginal people were officially excluded from the vote, public service, the Armed Forces and pensions. The White Australia mentality/policy Australia as “White” and unfortunately this policy was not abolished until 1972. REFERENCE Parbury (1999:64) states that Aboriginal education “cannot be separated” from the non-Aboriginal attitudes (racially based ethnocentricity that were especially British ie. white and Christian) towards Aborigines, their culture and their very existence. The Mission Schools are an early example of the connection between official education policies and key events in Aboriginal history.
For years, they have been fighting to have their land rights recognised. In Gumatj Elders Milirrpum versus Nabalco, the Northern Territory Supreme Court ruled in 1971 that, under Australian law, Aboriginal people did not own the Arnhem Land reserve and that Nabalco could mine bauxite from the land after Gumatj Elders Milirrpum took on Nabalco Pty Ltd in a land rights case (Korff, 2015). This was the first litigation on native title in Australia. In 1992, the High Court of Australia handed down a
The soci-economic situation that aboriginals face has and continues to impact Aboriginals. The flaws in the justice system show significant relation to the overrepresentation of aboriginals in the justice system. The Aboriginals over representation in the criminal justice system is due to many social factors within our societies. Past injustices for this group has predominantly shaped there future for them. Factors such as poverty, unemployment/education and housing status can be affected by crime, or they can be the results.
The Psychological Effect of Racism Racism is still a very prominent yet controversial topic in the United States today. Discrimination in the United States dates back to the 1500s when America was first founded. As generations passed, it has become a social norm to believe that darker skin tones are less desirable to society. The foundation of this country was built upon the false impression that Whites were superior to not just blacks, but all other ethnicities. From this, the idea of white privilege was derived and is still prevalent in society today.
PTSD is a direct reason for the homeless rate because it makes a stable job harder to obtain and keep. Since 2012 12,700 veterans are homeless because of PTSD; making up 13% or the homeless adult vets. Although PTSD is a very difficult and complicated disorder that many returning veterans face there is still hope for those who suffer from it. Cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, FMDB, medication, family therapy, psychodynamic and psychotherapy are just some of the many options that veterans and their family have available to them. The devastating effects of PTSD whether it be health related, family oriented or socially associated effects everyone and shows the lasting effects of the Iraq war even after it has ended.
Throughout the world, in history and in present day, injustice has affected all of us. Whether it is racial, sexist, discriminatory, being left disadvantaged or worse, injustice surrounds us. Australia is a country that has been plagued by injustice since the day our British ancestors first set foot on Australian soil and claimed the land as theirs. We’ve killed off many of the Indigenous Aboriginal people, and also took Aboriginal children away from their families; this is known as the stolen generation. On the day Australia became a federation in 1901, the first Prime Minister of Australia, Edmund Barton, created the White Australia Policy.
On behalf of Britain, Captain James Cook claimed Australia’s east coast in the year 1770. He declared that Australia was Terra Nullius — meaning ‘the land belonging to no one.’ According to the eighteenth-century law, people of another land could legally take over a land that had no owner. British colonisation commenced with the arrival of the First Fleet to establish a penal colony at what became Sydney in January 1788. However, prior to British colonisation, it is estimated that there were at least 300,000 Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders in Australia and over 500 different clan groups or 'nations' around the continent, many with distinctive cultures and beliefs. Consequently, the event of British colonisation, is described by many historians as the European invasion of Australia.