Equality And Social Justice Essay

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In the complexity of political thought, many thinkers have a set of principles for deciding questions regarding the balance of equality, freedom, and social justice. For political thinkers like John Rawls, Robert Dahl, Robert Nozick, and Michael Walzer—each grasp a different perspective on how and whether it is acceptable to redistribute resources in order to promote material equality. Of these authors, I find John Rawls’ argument most appealing. In his work A Theory of Justice, he states “All social values—liberty and opportunity, income and wealth, and the bases of self-respect—are to be distributed equally unless an unequal distribution of any, or all, of these values is to everyone 's advantage” (Rawls 63). Here marks his theory of to…show more content…
In the Declaration of Independence, the unalienable rights “that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.—That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed” (Declaration of Independence). All men are born with the same natural rights regardless of sex, race, religion, etc., therefore must be treated equally. Behind the veil of ignorance, “the social order can be justified to everyone, and in particular to those who are least favored; and in this sense it is egalitarian” (Rawls 103). Although this idea seems to be focusing on equalizing outcomes which causes all sorts of problems and loses the advantages of a meritocratic system, it is actually creating a society where no one falls into a position that can be titled “the worst of the worst.” By creating the hypothetical, Rawls’ underlying goal is to create a just society. The arrangement of society must be well thought out in order to reach this goal and for everyone to be satisfied. Rawls does not speak of any sort of political system that validates his theory further, which could more or less benefit it, but his main argument on justice in society is overall

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