Also, it reflects the past development of international environmental law and have deep impact on its future development. Those mentioned terms play significant parts in international environmental law, which the most rapidly developing areas of public international law. In fact, it indicates the vital characteristics of international environmental law, providing regulation and control in understanding legal standards and constitute fundamental norms.
Eco-efficiency and remanufacturing processes are now important assets to achieve best practice (Ashley, 1993; Srivastava, 2007). Global market demands and governmental pressures are pushing businesses to become more sustainable (Guide & Srivastava, 1998; Gungor & Gupta, 1999). Walton, Handfield and Melynyk (1998, p. 2) even claim that “increasing government regulation and stronger public mandates for environmental accountability have brought these issues into the executive suites, and onto strategic planning agendas.”
Natural Resources and Environmental Features The environment has been a very important aspect when it comes to power. The natural resources you can find in our environment have been used to advance and secure political, economic and social power. Most of the issues relating to our environmental features are climate change. Climate change is a factor of any power, but mostly socially. Climate change has brought together numerous countries to make a plan of action and to act on it.
The media greatly shape what the general population thinks about the environment. The media plays a great role in creating awareness (McQuail 1994). Undoubtedly the flow of environmental awareness and information through the media is greater and faster than it was, say, in the 1960s when the term "environmental awareness" was coined and the environment first became a subject of media coverage (Young 1990) and this coverage grew to an initial peak around 1970s following a decline in environmental coverage in the mid-1980s (Merriam & Makower, 1988), there had been a relatively dramatic increase in media interest in the coverage of environment during the late 1990s (Love, 1990, Starke, 1990, Stocking & Leonard 1990). It is observed that mass media, and TV in particular plays an important role in relation to public awareness and serve as a primary source of information for environmental issues. (Murch, 1971, Atwater et al., 1985 & Wilkins, 1987).
Rosenbaum’s Environmental Politics and Policy is one of the better resources for learning about the developments in the environmental movement in politics as well as providing information about the major problems that face environmentalism today. Chapter by chapter he goes through the problems that face the air, hazardous materials, energy, public lands, and climate change. Not only is he going the historical developments to show how America came up with the policies that we currently follow, but also shows the important development under the current president. Generally it is hard to find a book that is so up to date. There is even a section of the book devoted to global policy making in relation to climate change.
Involving the stakeholders in environmental management can be a useful means to build capacity. After all, stakeholders participation is an important part of the decision making process. It is for this reason that stakeholder participation in environmental management decision making has increased considerably. They are sought and embedded in national and international environmental policies. Newig and Fritsch (2009) say stakeholder involvement has been used in a wide variety of environmental applications such as forest management and planning or even integrated watershed management.
It is not just only a social movement but also a scientific and political movement as well. While my focus is on the United States this is a movement on an international scale with support on all levels from large organizations to private citizens. I chose to research the modern day environmental movement in the United States for several reasons. I was interested in learning more about the history of the modern day environmental movement here in the US. I feel as though in recent years the outcry for the environment has been growing on scale and I wanted to see what has been done throughout our history, and what the movement has accomplished so far.
BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY Starting with the 1972 UN Convention, environmental politics became a virus that swept across the world. The EU was subjective to this wave and began the process with six Environmental Action Programs (EAP). The first program began in 1973 and had three major points: (1) the prevention, reduction and containment of environmental damage, (2) the conservation of an ecological equilibrium, and (3) the rational use of natural resources. This was a very traditional approach and would be expanded upon in the future but at the moment it was a start for the EU. The... ... middle of paper ... ...uctions of habitats required to provide the amount of energy needed to power a nation (i.e.
M & Weidner. H, n.d states that a countries financial standing is the biggest factor in regards to capacity building for sustainable management of natural resources, it fuels any countries growth in every aspect. A country with a good financial footing will be able to implement capacity building plans for sustainable natural resource management and will be able to maintain and modify those plans as time goes on, this means that many new programs and initiatives can be implemented to help raise awareness of individuals in communities regarding environmental sustainability whether it be through the government or a private organisation. Furthermore Eade. D, 2005 asserts that the finances can become a huge obstacle for capacity building once there is not enough money to fund these plans to grow the skills on knowledge of the people.
Ever since the realization that this is leading to environmental degradation, various method, studies, and laws are being developed to approach this problem. It has always intrigued me and inspired me to study this subject. I believe that while studying this subject, one cannot limit oneself to a specific area and requires interdisciplinary studies to work in this field. This is the reason; I am currently pursuing my M.tech in Environmental Biotechnology from Jadavpur University after completion of my B.tech in Industrial Biotechnology from Dr. M.G.R Uni...