It is irrational, overwhelming, repetitive fear of something, someone or some place. There are different types of phobias like social, specific and agoraphobia. People with social phobia may not want to mingle with a crowd as they feel miserable, shy and awkward. Fear of closed space such as tiny room, elevator closed room is agoraphobia. Fear of snakes, insects, dogs, cats, blood needles and noise comes under the category of Specific phobia Fear of noise is a specific phobia that occurs to loud noise such as loud music, thunder, places where there are loud noises such as market places, auditoriums, schools and sea shores.
A common long-term effect that horror movies cause is developing phobias. These phobias are grouped into 5 categories including animals, environmental, blood, injections, or injuries, situational, and disturbing sounds or distorted images. Having an animal phobia means you have a fear of animals, insects, reptiles, animal-like aliens, ect. Having an environmental phobia means you have a fear of fires, floods, earthquakes, storms, water, nuclear holocausts, and other environmental threats. Having a blood, injections, or injuries phobia means you have a fear of blood, gore, injury, pain, wounds, needles, and other physical threats to living things.
The benefits of diagnosing a child early could help to improve their later adult life and also to reduce the side effects that come along with autism (Hamilton). One who is diagnosed with autism may have a vastly different case than someone else who is diagnosed. Each case of the disorder is unique. Asperger Syndrome is sometimes referred to as a type of autism bu... ... middle of paper ... ...eceptors on brain cells known as mGluR5 receptors” (Hamilton). This drug has been extremely successful in mice and is now being tried with humans.
Anxiety is disabling psychological and physiological condition, with very serious clinical implications in the long run. In some cases, it is associated with clinical conditions such as schizophrenia, depression and substance abuse . Some people experience it in some form, pathological or seemly, as early as the early years of their second decade of life. Like the most basic biological clocks that humans share with other species such as the circadian clock, anxiety is experienced psychologically, and it can be expressed in terms of learning, memory and behavior. This is one of the factors that has facilitated its study in rodents, and enabled associations to be made with the same condition in Human beings.
Nearly everyone has had or has an unreasonable fear; it can be a fear of planes, spiders, or even water, but for some people the fear of these objects escalate and turn into phobias. A phobia is an anxiety disorder where people encounter a strong, constant, absurd fear of a certain item, action, or activity. Where as a fear is the feeling of being afraid of something dangerous. The difference between a phobia and a fear is; a fear is when someone is afraid when something is dangerous to their life or well being; while a phobia is when people are scared of objects or actions that will not put them into any danger or harm's way: ablutophobia, fear of washing or bathing, or anablephobia, fear of looking up. A phobia can cause an overwhelming feeling of anxiety which can range from faint panic to a severe panic attack.
Society as a whole fear many things such as death, illness, age, obligations, hurt, responsibility, weight, sexuality, government or many other things. Some fears are practical and rationality, like carrying pepper spray while walking to your car at night, or turning all the lights on in a house when left alone. The amount and range of fears varies from person to person, but the emotion is the same. Fear is something that everyone has experienced and some people label it as an undesirable or uncomfortable feeling. Fear can be built up over a long period of time or appear in the moment.
The categories of specific phobias are 1. situational phobias such as: fear of elevators, airplanes, enclosed places, public transportation, tunnels, or bridges; 2. fear of the natural environment such as: storms, water, or heights; 3. animal phobias such as: fear of dogs, snakes, insects, or mice; 4. blood-injection-injury phobia such as: fear of seeing blood or an injury, or of receiving an injection. (Wood 520). Social phobias are fears of being in situations where your activities can be watched and judged by others. People with social phobias try to avoid social functions at all costs and find excuses not to go to parties or out on dates. This avoidance is the difference between having a social phobia and simply just being shy.
What are you afraid of? Are you afraid of spiders, heights, or snakes? Most of the fears people have are completely normal. Many people feel the same way. But, in some cases, the fear that people have is so intense, it is considered a phobia.
I have phobias as well. A phobia is “a persistent excessive or irrational fear of a particular object or situation” (Rathus, 2010). I’m plagued by acrophobia, which is a fear of heights. I feel for certain that I’m going to fall off high places unless I’m securely fastened to a rollercoaster seat with a giant harness. I also have taphophobia, the fear of being buried alive, and social phobia, a fear that I will be humiliated and embarrassed in front of many people (Rathus, 2010).
According to the Oxford Dictionary, a phobia is an extreme or irrational fear towards something. Phobias are normally compared to ‘fears’. Usually fear is a normal part of life, as there are many things in life that seem to cause persons a slight sense of irritability, such as, insects, thieves, or even having operations. It is theorized that most people have a certain level of ‘sensible’ anxiety when faced with the vision of a medical treatment, especially when it might be ‘invasive’. Most humans show a tendency to be squeamish at the sight of blood, for instance.