Thus Reinhold grew up in a religious atmosphere in his parents’ parish of St. John in Lincoln, Illinois. His father considered himself as an American and a liberal. It is not surprising that Reinhold aspired to have such liberal values and follow in his father’s footsteps to Eden Seminary in 1912. With a strong impression from his father’s ministry, Reinhold, the favorite child of his father, decided to be a minister. By his decision, Reinhold studied in the Evangelical pro-seminar, Elmhurst College, near Chicago, which provided him with foundations of liberal arts and languages, from 1907 to 1910, and then he moved to Eden Seminary at St. Louis, following his father’s path.
Emile Durkheim was born in France in April of 1858(The Biography of Emile Durkheim, 2000). He was the fourth child, and the second son of Moise and Melanie Durkheim (The Biography of Emily Durkheim, 2000). Brought up in a Jewish family, with many of rabbis including his father and grandfather, it was expected that Durkheim would be a rabbi as well. Early in life Durkheim “studied Hebrew, the Old Testament, and the Talmud, while also studying the regular course of traditional teaching in secular schools” (The Biography of Emile Durkheim, 2000). Durkheim participated in his “traditional Jewish confirmation” at the age of thirteen (The biography of Emile Durkheim, 2000).
Durkheim was a pioneer French sociologist, taught at Bordeaux (1887-1902) and the University of Paris (1902-17). He introduced the system and hypothetical framework of accurate social science. Durkheim was author of The Division of Labour (1893), Rules of Sociological Method (1895), Suicide (1897), Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1915). Emile Durkheim has often been characterized as the founder of professional sociology. He has a great closeness with the two introductory sociologists, Comte and Saint-Simon.
French Literature in the Age of Reason The Age of Reason, or the Enlightenment, was a period in France during the 1700's following the classical age. Within this time, philosophers placed the emphasis on reason as the best method for learning. It explored issues in education, law philosophy, and politics. It attacked tyranny, social injustice, superstition, and ignorance. This time produced advances in such areas as anatomy, astronomy, chemistry, mathematics, and physics.
Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte was a very important man in the field of sociology. He was a French philosopher that is considered the founding father of sociology. He is also credited with founding the field of positivism. Sociology is a social science that studies human societies, their interactions, and the processes that preserve and change them. It does this by examining the dynamics of constituent parts of societies such as institutions, communities, populations, and gender, racial, or age groups.
Eliana Howerton Sociology 1010 Wooten Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) by: Eliana Howerton Emile Durkheim was a French sociologist, social psychologist, and philosopher who was born on April 18, 1858 in Epinal, France. His mother was the daughter of a merchant and rabbi. His family was oxford Jewish, and had an influential presence within the community. His family had lived in the region for several generations and his father, grandfather, and great grandfather had all been rabbi's. It was expected that Emile would follow the tradition.
Many great historic personalities such as Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim have shaped our understanding of society. They all presented different perspectives on culture, society, and individuals. Karl Marx viewed the economy as the base that determines the social superstructure, Weber thought of it as an extension of religious belief, whereas Durkheim viewed it as one social institution that make up a society. However, Durkheim was able to represent the best concept which is still applicable today. Emile Durkheim was a functionalist who believed in morality and social cohesion.
As always, any discussion of any theorist should begin with a brief biography. This is because influences in ones early life will usually foreshadow some of their thinking and views in later life, for the most part. David Emile Durkeim was born in 1858 in France to a devout, conservative and influential Jewish family. His patriarchal lineage was rabbis and it was expected that he would follow the same path. He decided at an early age not to follow in his family’s footsteps and began to study religion from an agnostic point of view.
Emile Durkheim was French sociologist. He was born on April 15, 1858 in Epinal, France. Epinal is located in the Eastern French Province, Lorraine. His father, Moise was the Chief Rabbi of Epinal, Vosges, and Haute-Marne, while his mother, Melanie, worked as an embroiderer. Durkheim was the youngest of their four surviving children.
This paper is intended to contain the analysis of the human cultural identity, as seen in the following five historical cultural periods: Enlightenment Culture; Greco-Roman Culture; Judeo-Christian Culture; Renaissance-Reformation Culture; and Industrialization-Modernism Culture. It also embodies examples of each era that are clearly stated, and how they relate to the cultural period. The cultural identity of the Enlightenment can be described as emphasizing the possibilities of human reason. This idea can be illustrated with such examples as Thomas Jefferson, Denis Diderot, and Protestantism. Thomas Jefferson was considered among one of the most brilliant American exponents of the Enlightenment culture.