Imhotep was known as the father of mathematics, medicine, architecture, and as the inventor of the calendar (White, 40). He had a great idea of stacking mastabas until they reached six tiers, a total of 60 meters high and its base 180 meters by 108 meters (Casson, 118). A glistening costing of limestone was added to the mastabas that made them shimmer in the sun. The main feature of the pyramid was its 92-foot underground shafts and burial room lined with pink granite. It was the first time that this feature appeared (White, 41).
It is thought that King Djoser's stone tomb started out having the standard shape of a mastaba. Then, as construction progressed, a concept evolved. Imhotep began to place one flat-topped stone structure atop another until he had created six steps by which the king could ascent to the heavens after death. The Egyptians had a firm belief in an afterlife and viewed their pharaohs as gods. These beliefs were a strong force that led to the piling up of stones to such a monumental scale.
Snefru was a major pharaoh that constructed the process of building his pyramid known as the Bent pyramid. This pyramid, which was previously stated, had a case design instead of a step pyramid (Hill, 2008). This pyramid reflected how much work and craft went into the pyramid because of how much the Egyptians looked up to the pharaoh/king and gods. Khufu was a king that ruled over the Egyptians from 2551 to 2528 BC and his pyramid was most commonly known as Pyramid Giza (Smith 2004, 86). Since his pyramid was the biggest pyramid ever built, with an area of 53,000 square meters and 146.6 meters high, he must have been a major king who did a lot while he reigned over Egyptian society (Smith 2004, 86).
He also moved the Egyptian capital from Thebes to Amarna to help with his monotheistic push. His time on the throne is known as the Amarna period. He was also known for being the first ruler to request a temple to be made for him and his wife. The successor to Akhenaten was none other than his son Tutankhamun. He is the most widely known pharaoh in Egyptian history.
Stone was, therefore, the material from which temples and tombs were built, the finest and most graters examples are the construction of the pyramid. These two factors, belong to the religious and architecture of ancient Egypt, do nothing else but prove its greatness of what we have this days. "...the Egyptians made their complex hierarchy of Gods, and their strange religion. In the service of that religion they made their architecture" (Romer: 75, 1982). These pyramids were built to protect the bodies Of Egyptian kings and other royalty but before the pyramids became the standard for burials, tombs were used for Egypt's early rulers, nobles, and other high
Pharaonic burial complexes were also centers of worship for the god-king interred there and were designed to exalt his memory and deeds. Egyptian burial complexes evolved from the simple rectangular mastaba to the great pyramids of the Fourth Dynasty. The true pyramid evolved from the mastaba through an intermediary form, the step pyramid, the earliest example of which is Zoser’s Step Pyramid at Saqqara, which dates to the Third Dynasty (c. 2680 BC). The Step Pyramid was revolutionary for several reasons. It is the earliest known free-standing monument built entirely of stone in Egypt (Fakhry 20); it is also the earliest example of evolutionary architectural development beyond the mastaba.
The Egyptians were the ones that made the technology that pulled the huge stones up to the right places. They made all of the graphs and all of the charts; it is truly amazing. The two main building materials used in ancient Egypt were unbaked mud-brick and stone. Stone was generally used for tombs—the eternal dwellings of the dead—and for temples—the eternal houses of the gods. Egyptian architecture is characterized by it’s huge scale, heavy walls and supports.
They believe that this final chamber is to be the actual burial chamber. This chamber is higher than the rest of the chambers. These significant architectural structures became the most influential figures in history with its mysterious work and effort that is been put in. These pyramids originated as a mastaba to serve a purpose of tomb than the society witnessed it transforming into a pyramid over time, creating a significant piece of architecture.
when the first pharaoh, whose name was Narmer, or Mene, joined together the upper and lower parts into one. Some of the Old Testament stories took place in this country or close to it. Egypt has had many pharaohs, religious beliefs, and important events throughout its history. First off, in ancient Egypt, the most powerful person was the Pharaoh. He was the leader over all of Egypt and was in charge of both the government and religion.
Ancient Egyptians were very religious people with various beliefs and gods. Ancient Egypt consisted of the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. Not only is Ancient Egypt known for their outstanding architecture in pyramids, but also, their astonishing understanding of the human body. Mummification began around c.3500 BCE and by the Old Kingdom it had become a standard practice. Everything Egyptians did, including mummification had to do with their religious beliefs.