Effects Of Placental Abruption

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Placental abruption is a condition in which premature separation of the placenta from the uterus. Women with placental abruption, also called abruptio placentae, usually present with bleeding, uterine contractions, and fetal distress. Complications such as a risk for recurrence in women who have experienced placental abruptions previous in other pregnancies. Understanding the leading cause to contributing factor of placental abruption, is understanding the origin of the condition. Associations that are common during pregnancy which can lead to an abruption that is acknowledged as risk factors can be fetal growth, advancing maternal age, hypertension, previous abortions and folic acid deficiency. The high mortality rates from an abruption come…show more content…
Thus, the effect of the placenta separating is either rapid and spontaneous or gradually. With it to most likely occur in the latter trimester of pregnancy, starting around the 20th week of gestation, however in some cases can arise earlier in gestation. Furthermore, complications of the abruption to the fetus are associated with loss of nutrients and oxygen, putting the fetus in distress. Although, dependent on gestational age at the time and severity of the abruption, outcome of the fetus can be determined. Whereas signs and symptoms to the mother can include: rapid uterine contractions, back and abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding, and uterine tenderness. Direct causes sometimes can correlate with direct injury to abdominal wall, rapid loss or excess of amniotic fluid, the mother’s lifestyle choices, hypertension, advanced maternal age, diabetes mellitus, and prior placental abruption. Although, preventive measures for placenta abruption is uncommon, attention to ongoing medical evaluation of fetal and maternal welfare connected with consideration of risk factors, outcomes can be

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